Connect with us

Smoking / Quit Smoking

Quitting smoking: 5 ways to stop it

Published

on

Deciding you’re ready to stop smoking now is just half the fight. Knowing where to get going on your journey to smoke-free will help you make the leap. We’ve put together some easy ways to prevent you from smoking today.

Quitting smoking
It can be difficult to stop smoking, but we have put together some measures that can support you along the way.

According to the American Lung Association, cigarette use and exposure to second-hand smoke was responsible for more than http://www.lung.org/stop-smoking/smoking-facts/ in the United States annually.

Many people are aware of the various health hazards associated with cigarette smoking and yet, in the U.S., “tobacco use appears to be the leading cause of preventable death and disease.”

Quitting smoking is not a single occurrence happening on one day; it is a journey. By leaving, you will boost the quality and length of your life and the lives of those around you.

Not only do you need to change your actions to deal with the withdrawal effects felt by cutting off nicotine, you do need to find new ways and control your moods and stop smoking.

You will break free from nicotine addiction with the right game plan, and kick the habit for good. Here are five ways to prevent the prevention of smoking.

Prepare for quit day

When you’ve agreed to stop smoking, you’re happy to set a date to leave. Select a day that isn’t too far out in the future (so you don’t change your mind), but that allows you ample time to plan.

Quitting smoking tips
Choose your quit date and prepare to stop smoking altogether on that day.

There are several ways to stop smoking, but ultimately, you need to decide whether you are going to:

  • quit abruptly, or continue smoking right up until your quit date and then stop
  • quit gradually, or reduce your cigarette intake slowly until your quit date and then stop

Studies that contrasted sudden quitting with smoking reduction showed that neither yielded higher quit rates over the other so choose the approach that suits you better.

Here are some tips the American Cancer Society offers to help you plan for the day you quit:

  • Tell friends, family, and co-workers about your quit date.
  • Throw away all cigarettes and ashtrays.
  • Decide whether you are going to go “cold turkey” or use nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) or other medicines.
  • If you plan to attend a stop-smoking group, sign up now.
  • Stock up on oral substitutes, such as hard candy, sugarless gum, carrot sticks, coffee stirrers, straws, and toothpicks.
  • Set up a support system, such as a family member that has successfully quit and is happy to help you.
  • Ask friends and family who smoke to not smoke around you.
  • If you have tried to quit before, think about what worked and what did not.

Daily tasks-such as waking up in the morning, finishing a meal, and taking a coffee break-can also cause the desire to smoke a cigarette. But breaking the connection between the trigger and smoking is a good way to help fight the urge to smoke.

On your quit day:

  • Do not smoke at all.
  • Stay busy.
  • Begin use of your NRT if you have chosen to use one.
  • Attend a stop-smoking group or follow a self-help plan.
  • Drink more water and juice.
  • Drink less or no alcohol.
  • Avoid individuals who are smoking.
  • Avoid situations wherein you have a strong urge to smoke.

You will almost definitely have the urge during your quit day to smoke a couple of times but it will pass. The following acts will help in battling the temptation to smoke:

  • Delay until the craving passes. The urge to smoke often comes and goes within 3 to 5 minutes.
  • Deep breathe. Breathe in slowly through your nose for a count of three and exhale through your mouth for a count of three. Visualize your lungs filling with fresh air.
  • Drink water sip by sip to beat the craving.
  • Do something else to distract yourself. Perhaps go for a walk.

Remembering the four Ds can often help you to move beyond your urge to light up.

Use NRTs

Going cold turkey, or stopping smoking without the aid of NRT, medicine, or therapy, is a common way to quit. Just around 6 percent of these attempts to leave are successful though. It is easy to underestimate how strong a dependency on nicotine really is.

NRTs can help you to fight the withdrawal symptoms associated with quitting smoking.
NRTs can help you to fight the withdrawal symptoms associated with quitting smoking.

NRT may reduce your cravings and symptoms of withdrawal which can impede your attempt to quit smoking. NRTs are designed to extract your body from cigarettes, and provide you with a regulated dose of nicotine while preventing exposure to other tobacco chemicals.

Five forms of NRT have been approved by US Food and Drug Administration (FDA):

  • skin patches
  • chewing gum
  • lozenges
  • nasal spray (prescription only)
  • inhaler (prescription only)

If you’ve wanted to go down the NRT path, speak with a health care provider about your dosage before you stop smoking. Note that while you are more likely to stop smoking using NRT, the aim is to fully end your addiction to nicotine, and not just stop tobacco.

If you experience dizziness, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, fast or erratic heartbeat, mouth discomfort or skin swelling when using these products, contact your healthcare provider.

Consider non-nicotine medications

Two non-nicotin containing drugs have been licensed by the FDA to help smokers quit. Which are the varenicline (Chantix) and bupropion (Zyban).

Bupropion and varenicline are non-nicotine
Bupropion and varenicline are non-nicotine drugs which can help reduce the effects of cravings and withdrawal.

If you find you’d like to try one of these to help you quit smoking, talk to your healthcare provider, because you’ll need a prescription.

Bupropion works on chemicals in the brain that have a role to play in nicotine cravings and decreases nicotine withdrawal cravings and symptoms. Bupropion is used as a pill for 12 weeks but if you quit smoking successfully in that period, you can use it for another 3 to 6 months to reduce the risk of smoking relapse.

Varenicline interferes with the brain’s nicotine receptors, which increases the enjoyment you get from tobacco use, and decreases the effects of nicotine withdrawal. Varenicline has been used for 12 weeks but once again, if you kicked the cigarette successfully, you can use the drug for another 12 weeks to reduce the risk of smoking relapse.

Risks associated with the use of such medications include changes in personality, depressed mood, violence, hostility, and suicidal thoughts or acts.

Seek behavioral support

The mental and physical dependency on smoking makes it impossible to stay away from cigarettes until the day you leave. You have to address this dependency, to leave. Trying counseling services, materials for self-help, and support services can help you get through that time. When your physical symptoms change over the course of time, so do the mental ones.

Personal counseling or support groups will increase the chances of smoking cessation over the long term.
Personal counseling or support groups will increase the chances of smoking cessation over the long term.

Combining drugs – such as NRT, bupropion, and varenicline – with therapeutic intervention has been shown to increase the chances of reduction of long-term smoking by up to 25 percent.

Behavioral treatment may vary from written information and guidance to in-person, electronic, or online community therapy or individual counseling. Self-help resources are likely to raise leave rates relative to almost no assistance, but generally, individual therapy is the most effective form of behavioral treatment.

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) offers assistance to those wishing to avoid smoking through its support services:

Support groups, such as Nicotine Anonymous (NicA), can prove useful too. NicA applies the 12-step process of Alcoholics Anonymous to tobacco addiction. You can find your nearest NicA group using their website or by calling 1-877-TRY-NICA (1-877-879-6422).

Try alternative therapies

Some people consider alternative treatments helpful to help them stop smoking, but there is currently no clear evidence that any of these can increase the chances of being smoke-free, and in some cases these approaches may potentially encourage the person to smoke more.

Some alternative approaches to help you quit smoking can include:

E-cigarettes have had some promising research results in helping with smoking cessation.
E-cigarettes have had some promising research results in helping with smoking cessation.
  • filters
  • smoking deterrents
  • electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes)
  • tobacco strips and sticks
  • nicotine drinks, lollipops, straws, and lip balms
  • hypnosis
  • acupuncture
  • magnet therapy
  • cold laser therapy
  • herbs and supplements
  • yoga, mindfulness, and meditation

E-cigarettes

E-cigarettes should not be advertised as an help to stop smoking, but many people who smoke see them as a means of giving up the habit.

Currently E-cigarettes are a hot subject of science. Studies also found that e-cigarettes are less addictive than cigarettes, that the rise in e-cigarette usage was related to a substantial increase in cessation of smoking, and that current smokers who use e-cigarettes on a regular basis are more likely to stop smoking than those who have not tried e-cigarettes.

The benefits from the use of e-cigarettes may not be without risk. Studies have shown that e-cigarettes are potentially as dangerous in causing DNA damage as tobacco cigarettes, and are associated with increased arterial stiffness, blood pressure, and heart rate.

Quitting smoking involves commitment and preparation – not chance. Decide on a personal plan to avoid the use of tobacco, and pledge to adhere to it.

Weigh up all of your choices and determine whether to attend a quit-smoking class, call a quitline, go to a support group, seek advice online or self-help, or use NRTs or drugs. A combination of two or more of these approaches will make you more likely to become smoke-free.

Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

17 + eight =

Cardiovascular / Cardiology

What are the effects of smoking on the human body?

Published

on

Cigarettes cause a variety of negative health impacts. Some of these can have life-threatening consequences.

Smoking cigarettes, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), increases the chance of dying from any cause, not just those associated to tobacco use.

Cigarette smoking harms the respiratory system, circulatory system, reproductive system, skin, and eyes, as well as increasing the risk of a variety of malignancies.

We’ll look at so possible side effects of smoking cigarettes in this article.

The effect of smoke to the body

Coronary artery disease

Cigarette smoking is harmful to the heart, blood arteries, and blood cells.

Cigarette smoke contains chemicals and tar that can raise a person’s risk of atherosclerosis, or plaque buildup in the blood arteries. This buildup restricts blood flow and can result in life-threatening clots.

Smoking also raises the risk of peripheral arterial disease (PAD), a condition in which the arteries in the arms and legs constrict and impede blood flow.

According to research, there is a direct link between smoking and the development of PAD. Even former smokers are at a higher risk than individuals who have never smoked.

If you have PAD, you’re more likely to develop:

Fertility issues

Cigarette smoking can cause damage to a woman’s reproductive system, making it more difficult for her to become pregnant. It’s possible that this is due to the fact that tobacco and the other chemicals in cigarettes have an effect on hormone levels.

Men who smoke more cigarettes and for a longer period of time are more likely to develop erectile dysfunction than women who consume less cigarettes. Smoking can also have a negative impact on the quality of sperm, resulting in decreased fertility.

Pregnancy problems

Cigarette smoking can raise the chance of ectopic pregnancy and diminish the weight of the baby at birth.
Cigarette smoking can raise the chance of ectopic pregnancy and diminish the weight of the baby at birth.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, smoking can have a negative impact on pregnancy and the developing foetus in a variety of ways, including:

  • increasing the risk of ectopic pregnancy
  • reducing the baby’s birth weight
  • increasing the risk of preterm delivery
  • damaging the fetus’s lungs, brain, and central nervous system
  • increasing the risk of sudden infant death syndrome
  • contributing to congenital abnormalities, such as cleft lip or cleft palate

Damage to the lungs

Cigarette smoking has a negative impact on lung health because it exposes a person to not only nicotine but also a range of other substances through their breathing.

A significant increase in the risk of getting lung cancer is attributed to the use of tobacco products. Men are at 25 times greater risk than women, and women are at 25.7 times more risk than men.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, smoking is responsible for around 9 out of every 10 lung cancer.

Cigarette smoking also increases the likelihood of getting and dying from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (COPD). In fact, according to the American Lung Association, smoking is responsible for 80 percent of COPD deaths.

Cigarettes have also been connected to the development of emphysema and chronic bronchitis in several studies. They can also cause or intensify an asthma episode in certain people.

Type 2 diabetes risk

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, those who smoke regularly have a 30–40 percent greater chance of acquiring type 2 diabetes than those who do not.

Additionally, smoking might make managing one’s diabetes more difficult for those who suffer from the disease.

Damaged immune system

Cigarette smoking has been shown to damage a person’s immune system, making them more susceptible to illnesses.

Additionally, it has the potential to produce extra inflammation in the body.

Vision problems

Cigarette smoking can cause eye problems, such as an increased risk of cataracts and age-related macular degeneration, among other things.

There are several other eyesight impairments associated with smoking, including:

Poor oral hygiene

People who smoke have a twofold increased chance of developing gum disease. The danger increases in direct proportion to the amount of cigarettes that a person smokes.

Symptoms of gum disease include:

  • swollen and tender gums
  • bleeding when brushing
  • loose teeth
  • sensitive teeth

A person’s ability to taste and smell things properly can be impaired when they smoke tobacco. It can also discolour the teeth, turning them yellow or brown.

Unhealthy skin and hair

The skin and hair of a person who smokes tobacco can be negatively affected. It is possible for someone who smokes to have skin that is prematurely aged and wrinkled. They also have a higher risk of skin cancer, “particularly on the lips,” than the general population.

When you smoke, your hair and skin may begin to smell like tobacco. It can also have a negative impact on hair loss and balding.

Risk of other cancers

In addition to the well-documented association between smoking cigarettes and lung cancer, smoking cigarettes can also increase the risk of developing other types of cancer.

According to the American Cancer Society, cigarette smoking is a contributing factor in 20–30 percent of pancreatic cancer cases.

Individuals who smoke have a three-fold increased risk of developing bladder cancer compared to those who do not smoke.

Cigarette smoking increases a person’s risk of developing stomach cancer by a factor of two. Tobacco use is particularly associated with stomach cancers that develop near the oesophagus.

Cigarettes can also raise the likelihood of developing:

  • mouth cancer
  • laryngeal cancer
  • throat cancer
  • esophageal cancer
  • kidney cancer
  • cervical cancer
  • liver cancer
  • colon cancer
  • acute myeloid leukemia

Secondhand smoke

Secondhand smoke
It has been shown that secondhand smoke can raise the risk of colds, make asthma symptoms worse, and harm the heart and blood vessels.

The negative consequences of smoking cigarettes do not only affect those who smoke cigarettes. Secondhand smoking can have serious health consequences for family members, friends, and employees who are exposed to it.

The following are some of the consequences of secondhand smoking exposure:

  • increasing the risk of colds and ear infections
  • making asthma worse
  • raising blood pressure
  • damaging the heart
  • reducing levels of high-density lipoprotein, or “good,” cholesterol

Stopping smoking

While quitting smoking can be difficult, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that there are currently more people who used to smoke than there are people who currently smoke.

The benefits of quitting smoking begin to accrue as soon as a person quits. Clearer skin, better oral health, more stable hormones, a stronger immune system, and a lower risk of developing several types of cancer are just a few of the benefits.

Other advantages of stopping smoking include the following:

  • After 20 minutes–12 hours: Heart rate and carbon monoxide in the blood drop to normal levels.
  • After 1 year: The risk of a heart attack is much lower, as is blood pressure. Coughing and upper respiratory problems begin to improve.
  • After 2–5 years: The risk of stroke drops to that of someone who does not smoke, according to the CDC.
  • After 5–15 years: The risk of mouth, throat, esophagus, and bladder cancer is reduced by half.
  • After 10 years: The risk of lung cancer and bladder cancer is half that of someone who currently smokes.
  • After 15 years: The risk of heart disease is similar to that of someone who never smoked.

Nicotine is an addictive chemical that can produce withdrawal symptoms if a person stops taking it for an extended period of time. Cravings, increased hunger, and irritability are just a few of the signs and symptoms. Cravings and other adverse effects are often alleviated with time.

The assistance of a doctor or other healthcare expert can assist a smoker in taking positive steps towards quitting.

Here are some straightforward methods to help you quit smoking.

Sources

  • https://www.cancer.org/cancer/basal-and-squamous-cell-skin-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/risk-factors.html
  • https://www.lung.org/stop-smoking/i-want-to-quit/benefits-of-quitting.html
  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/324644
  • https://smokefree.gov/quit-smoking/why-you-should-quit/benefits-of-quitting
  • https://www.cancer.org/cancer/bladder-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/risk-factors.html
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK310413/
  • https://journalofethics.ama-assn.org/sites/journalofethics.ama-assn.org/files/2018-05/cprl1-1101.pdf
  • https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/health_effects/effects_cig_smoking/index.htm
  • https://www.lung.org/stop-smoking/smoking-facts/health-effects-of-smoking.html
  • https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancer-causes/tobacco-and-cancer/health-risks-of-smoking-tobacco.html
  • https://heart.bmj.com/content/100/5/414
  • https://www.cancer.org/cancer/pancreatic-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/risk-factors.html
  • https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/cessation/quitting/index.htm
  • https://medlineplus.gov/smoking.html
  • https://www.heartfoundation.org.au/your-heart/know-your-risks/smoking-and-your-heart
  • https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/smoking-and-your-heart
  • https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/campaign/tips/diseases/periodontal-gum-disease.html
  • https://www.cancer.org/cancer/stomach-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/risk-factors.html
  • http://www.quitnow.gov.au/internet/quitnow/publishing.nsf/content/warnings-emphysema
  • https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cervical-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/risk-factors.html

Continue Reading

Complementary Medicine / Alternative Medicine

Indica and sativa: What are the key difference?

Published

on

As more states legalise marijuana for medical and recreational purposes, there is a great deal of interest in the various effects that different forms, such as indica and sativa, can produce.

Indica and sativa cannabis are two different species of cannabis. Also have a lot in common, but they have a lot of things that are different from one another.

Even while some marijuana businesses and anecdotal data suggest that indica is more soothing and sativa is more energetic than sativa, several specialists believe that such claims are inaccurate. Cannabis’s recreational and medical effects are influenced by a plethora of factors other than the strain itself.

Learn more about the distinctions between each strain as well as the affects that indica and sativa can have on the user in this article.

Strains differences

Indica and sativa: What are the key difference?

To distinguish distinct strains of plants, botanists use physical variances such as differences in height, variations in branching patterns, and differences in leaf form to make their observations. This is where the terms “indica” and “sativa” come from, respectively.

Indica plants are shorter than sativa plants, and their stalks are made of wood rather than fibrous tissue. In addition, indica plants grow at a faster rate than sativa plants.

On the subject of what produced these physical changes between strains, there is some debate. Some scholars believe that these variances are the result of humans breeding various types, while others believe that they are the result of a combination of developing adaptations and geographical isolation.

Cannabinoids

In marijuana, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are two of the cannabinoids (elements) that have been studied and discussed the most. Both can be found in various strains of marijuana, and they are both psychoactive. However, researchers have so far discovered at least 144 distinct cannabinoids, which is a significant number.

The effects of THC and CBD on the human body are vastly different from one another. As opposed to popular belief, knowing whether a cannabis plant is from an indica or sativa strain does not always provide much information about the relative amounts of THC or CBD it may contain. However, knowing whether a cannabis plant is from an indica or sativa strain can be useful.

Note that THC and CBD are only two of the hundreds of compounds that contribute to a variety of effects in different marijuana strains, and that there are hundreds of other chemicals as well. More information about these two substances can be found in the sections that follow.

THC

THC, according to medical professionals, has psychotropic characteristics. To put it another way, THC is responsible for the “high” sensation that many people associate with cannabis use.

Marijuana strains with a high concentration of THC may be beneficial for persons who are suffering from pain, difficulties sleeping, or depression, while they may cause anxiety in some people.

CBD

CBD does not produce a “high,” but it can have a positive effect on mood and be beneficial in the treatment of anxiety and psychoses. CBD, on the other hand, despite its reputation for generating calm, can be a stimulant when used in high levels without supervision.

Indica

Several countries in the Middle East, including as Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Tibet, are credited with the development of the Cannabis indica flowering plant.

It normally has a higher CBD concentration than Cannabis sativa, yet the CBD to THC ratio is extremely close to 1:1.

The prevailing consensus is that indica is a powerful pain reliever with a flat and calming high that is not addictive. A hybrid version of this strain can be found in a large number of medicinal marijuana strains.

Having said that, it is vital to emphasise that there is little scientific evidence to support these claims. Numerous scientists argue that we should not generalise the psychotropic and other effects of different cannabis strains because there are considerably more variances within the indica vs. sativa classification system.

Sativa

Cannabis sativa is native to warmer regions of the planet, such as Southeast Asia, Central and South America, and the Caribbean.

Most individuals believe it delivers a more invigorating and creative high, while it has been shown to cause anxiety in certain people. Sativa can also be beneficial for persons who suffer from depression, migraines, nausea, and appetite loss, among other things. Sativa plants have a higher concentration of THC than CBD.

It is vital to emphasise once more that some scientific study has been conducted to refute these assertions. It is possible that some sativa plants are invigorating, while others are not. The same goes for indica strains.

Hybrids

Throughout the long history of human usage of cannabis, both cultivators and nature have generated hybrid versions of both Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica that have become widely available.

In order to produce plants that grow more quickly and produce more, people created hybrids to produce plants that were both energetic and calming in their effects.

Ruderalis

Cannabis ruderalis is believed to have originated in cooler regions of the world, such as Russia and the border between Hungary and Ukraine, where it is now cultivated. It grows in the wild, and some believe it is a descendant of hemp plants that have escaped.

Even though it does not contain particularly high concentrations of THC or CBD, breeders prise it for its capacity to flower on its own, without the intervention of a farmer. This is why ruderalis is frequently used to develop hybrids with sativa or indica strains of cannabis.

Strains and effects

The strains of marijuana listed in the table below are some of the most prevalent, and the levels of THC they contain are also listed. These figures came from a study that found no evidence to show that indica and sativa marijuana are genetically unique from one another.

NameSativa or indicaAverage THC content (%)Minimum THC content (%)Maximum THC content (%)
Afghan KushIndica17.614.722
Blackberry KushIndica15.912.518
Bubba KushIndica15.510.219.4
Fire OGHybrid17.39.820.2
HarlequinSativa52.512.6
Strawberry CoughSativa15.38.718.1
Sour DieselSativa16.67.722
Train WreckHybrid145.919.8
True OGIndica18.513.422.2

The table illustrates that there is a lot of variance across strains and even within strains. THC level in Sour Diesel, for example, can range from 7.7% to 22%.

According to the study, the labels “indica” and “sativa” should not be used to categorise the effects of cannabis. “A new classification system is needed to enhance the medical utility of cannabis products for patients, allowing them to communicate better with physicians and healthcare providers,” the authors write.

Selecting a Strain

Traditionally, determining the answers to the following questions has aided in choosing the best marijuana strain for a person:

  • Why are they interested in using marijuana?
  • Is it for medical purposes, and if so, what conditions need treatment?
  • Is it for recreational purposes, and if so, what kind of experience do they seek?
  • How much experience do they have with marijuana?
  • How long do they want the experience to last?

More research into the classification of diverse strains and their consequences, on the other hand, is currently required.

Dr. Ethan Russo, a psychopharmacology researcher and neurologist, offers a compelling argument against what most people believe about the indica vs. sativa controversy in an interview published in the journal Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research.

Researchers can’t and shouldn’t classify cannabis based on its “effects” and biochemical content, he claims, because the terms “indica” and “sativa” only refer to the plant’s height, branching, and leaf morphology.

“Since the taxonomists cannot agree, I would strongly encourage the scientific community, the press, and the public to abandon the sativa/indica nomenclature and rather insist that accurate biochemical assays on cannabinoid and terpenoid profiles be available for cannabis in both the medical and recreational markets. Scientific accuracy and the public health demand no less than this.”

– Dr. Ethan Russo

Conclusion

The botanical qualities of Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica differ.

According to anecdotal evidence, sativa is more energetic and indica is more soothing, but the scientific fact is significantly more convoluted. In truth, the medical and recreational effects of cannabis are caused by a variety of chemical components.

Although the distinctions between the two plants may be true, it is vital for a person to look at the biochemical composition of the individual strains in order to select the strain that is best suited to their needs.

Even within specific strains, research has shown that THC levels can vary significantly, suggesting that the same is true for other cannabinoids.

Sources

  • https://nccih.nih.gov/health/marijuana-cannabinoids
  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/indica-vs-sativa
  • https://www.longdom.org/open-access/cannabinoids-and-terpenes-as-chemotaxonomic-markers-in-cannabis-2329-6836-1000181.pdf
  • https://www.bmj.com/content/365/bmj.l1141
  • https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/can.2016.0024
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6225593/
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5576603/
  • https://garden.org/courseweb/course1/week3/page3.htm

Continue Reading

Alcohol / Addiction / Illegal Drugs

What are the risks and side effects of JUUL (e-cigarettes)?

Published

on

A JUUL is a type of e-cigarette or vape pen that has risen to prominence primarily because of its high power and discrete appearance. Juuling can cause a variety of side effects, including coughing, headache, and a sore throat. Longer term use also has similar health issues.

JUULs and other vape pens are less dangerous than cigarettes, but individuals should be mindful that they bear their own risks with these products. Nicotine and many other chemicals are also found in them, which means they are not a healthier alternative to cigarettes.

Keep reading, including the related dangers and side effects, to learn more about JUULs.

What is a JUUL?

JUUL e- cigarette

A JUUL is a type of e-cigarette which, without using fire and smoke, delivers nicotine to the lungs. The device looks very similar to a pen or USB flash drive and is long and slender.

Vaping devices such as JUULs include a heating element and a liquid source, called vape juice, which contains nicotine, as with other e-cigarettes.

JUUL is actually the name of unique e-cigarette products developed by JUUL Laboratories, although several individuals now use the term in reference to the vape pens of other manufacturers.

The vape juice is vaporized by triggering the device, supplying the nicotine as vapor to the lungs when the person inhales.

E-cigarette risks and side effects

Burning a cigarette and inhaling the smoke adds numerous chemicals and compounds to the lungs and bloodstream, increasing a person’s risk for a variety of health problems.

E-cigarettes fully eliminate this smoke, delivering vaporized nicotine through a heating element instead. Vaporizing the e-cigarette vape juice compounds, however, can carry its own side effects and health risks.

Common side effects

Side effects from the use of e-cigarettes are common. Using e-cigarettes, JUULs, or other devices with vaporizers may cause:

When a person first begins using vape items, these side effects may be more frequent, and they may go away with time. If the person stops using vape devices, they will also go away.

Particles Ultrafine

Vaporizing e-cigarette juice produces very tiny particles and aerosols that are vaporized. These ultrafine particles, including the smallest airways, called bronchioles, may reach deep into the lungs.

Particles in these bronchioles, leading to scarring of these tissues, can cause damage and inflammation.

In addition , a study in Pediatrics states that these ultrafine particles may find their way into the circulatory system, possibly causing cardiovascular disease and inflammation.

Other nicotine use

Using e-cigarettes does not guarantee that cigarettes will not be used by an individual. In certain cases, nonsmokers and young people might potentially use e-cigarettes to lead them to use other items, such as cigarettes.

Smoking other products in the body can result in even more nicotine, making it more difficult to quit any type of the drug.

Long-term risks

Vape devices are relatively new and it is still hard to grasp the long-term dangers. The body is exposed to many potentially harmful substances by e-cigarettes and vaping products, and long-term exposure to these substances can bring its own risks.

The potential dangers of long-term exposure to these substances include the following:

  • respiratory issues
  • damage to the lung tissue
  • reproductive issues
  • circulatory issues

However, there is still too little study to make any broad statements when it comes to linking e-cigarettes directly to long-term risk.

Other risks

E-cigarettes also expose the body to nicotine, which is a substance that is addictive. In addition, the Department of Health and Human Services states that there are other dangerous compounds in the liquid juice that the person inhales into his or her lungs, such as:

  • volatile organic compounds
  • heavy metals, such as tin, lead, and nickel
  • natural and artificial flavorants that may contain harmful ingredients
  • carbonyl compounds

How is a JUUL different?

While products branded by JUUL and similar devices can feel different from larger vape pens or other devices, they function in much the same way. A heating element heats the vape juice until it vaporizes, and this vapor is inhaled into the lungs by the person.

Vape pens, like JUULs, are more discreet compared to other options. They create minimal vapor, and the vapor that the person exhales evaporates and disappears rapidly.

Often, the devices themselves are more discrete. In a pocket or purse, a person can easily conceal a JUUL, and it looks identical to a pen or flash drive.

Owing to their convenient access to numerous flavors and solutions, Vape pens and JUULs are also distinct. Other devices may require a person to mix their own solution or refill the device as the solution runs out.

Cartridges or pods that connect to the device in seconds are supported by Vape pens and JUULs.

JUUL devices contain a patented mix of nicotine salts rather than free nicotine, mimicking the feeling of using tobacco.

JUUL risks and side effects

JUUL has various health risks and side effects, as with other e-cigarettes and vape pens, including:

Overuse and high nicotine

JUUL products and other vape pens have a risk for abuse and overuse. A 5 percent nicotine-containing JUUL pod is equivalent to one pack of cigarettes. Less nicotine is offered by several other companies and vape juices, as they are made for people trying to wean themselves off tobacco.

When selecting these vape pens over other e-cigarettes, frequent JUUL users can expose themselves to much higher nicotine levels.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) states that individuals who use these vape pens may become addicted quicker than individuals who smoke cigarettes.

Nicotine toxicity and seizures

High nicotine levels in JUUL pens can also, with daily usage, increase the risk of nicotine toxicity. Serious health effects, such as seizures and neurological disorders, can result from this toxicity. Vape pen use has been related to many cases of seizures by the FDA.

Teen use

Specifically, JUUL items often tend to appeal to young teens. The reasons for this may include the discreet nature of the device, the pleasant taste, and the high potency that contributes to a “high.”

The FDA warned Juul Labs in 2019 about their ads, which included youth outreach and other practices aimed at young adolescents, including the promotion of enticing flavors such as mango and fruit medley.

The company also made false claims that, without presenting any evidence for this assertion, their product was a healthier alternative to cigarettes.

In recent years, the use of vape pens by teens has increased. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states that e-cigarette use rose from 1.5 percent in 2011 to more than 20 percent in 2018 among high school students. This figure went from 0.6 percent to 4.9 percent during the same time for middle-school students.

The use of nicotine products by teens can be particularly harmful. Nicotine can rapidly lead to addiction in a developing brain. In addition, nicotine can damage the brain growth of the adolescent.

Addiction and nicotine use may also lead to changes in behavior, reduced impulse control, or mood fluctuations.

Alternatives

There is no absolutely safe method of intake of nicotine.

Originally, e-cigarettes were intended by manufacturers to help smokers wean themselves from the use of nicotine and tobacco. The premise was that these devices would help the user quit by using far lower levels of nicotine while offering a similar experience to smoking.

Nowadays, products are a common alternative to smoking, but they are not risk-free.

Those trying to quit smoking or vape devices can begin to wean themselves off the habit by using vape juice with lower nicotine levels.

Other nicotine products can provide an option to help a person quit, such as patches and gums.

When to see a doctor

Anyone trying to cope with nicotine use should see a doctor. They might be able to provide more guidance on how to immediately wean the body off nicotine or leave.

Anyone noticing symptoms, such as constant cough or trouble breathing, should also see a doctor for a diagnosis after using JUUL pens.

Summary

An alternative to smoking is JUUL pens. They are not healthy, even though they remove combustion and tobacco, since they still deliver large levels of nicotine.

These devices provide an addictive substance, and both short-term and long-term side effects and risks are associated with them. It will take time to conduct direct research into the long-term consequences of using JUUL.

Anyone who is worried about their symptoms or potential addiction to nicotine may want to talk to a doctor.

Continue Reading

Copyright © 2022 NccMed.com