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Atopic Dermatitis / Eczema

Spongiotic dermatitis: What you should know

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A condition that makes the skin dry, red, itchy, and cracked is spongiotic dermatitis. Any swelling caused by excess fluid under the skin typically includes it.

Atopic dermatitis or eczema are closely associated with spongiotic dermatitis. It is a prevalent disorder that includes skin inflammation and is triggered by allergies.

An overview of spongiotic dermatitis will be given in this article, looking at the signs, causes , and treatments of this condition.

Symptoms

Symptoms of spongiotic dermatitis may include dry and scaly skin, rashes, blisters, and severe itching.
Symptoms of spongiotic dermatitis may include dry and scaly skin, rashes, blisters, and severe itching.

Symptoms of spongiotic dermatitis include:

  • dry, scaly skin
  • severe itching
  • rashes, especially on the hands, inner elbows, and behind the knees
  • blisters resulting from rashes, which may produce fluids in extreme cases
  • red, inflamed skin from constant scratching

Causes

The most prevalent clinical cause of spongiotic dermatitis is atopic dermatitis. The exact cause is unclear, but a mixture of genetic and environmental factors seems to be linked to it.

A recent research in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology indicates that there could be a mutation of the gene responsible for producing a protein called filaggrin in individuals with this condition. This protein helps the top layer of the skin build a protective barrier.

The skin barrier is compromised without sufficient filaggrin, allowing moisture to escape and letting in more allergens and bacteria.

Atopic dermatitis appears to occur in families and can occur in addition to other disorders, such as hay fever and asthma.

Possible triggers include:

  • allergens, such as specific food, plants, dyes, and medication
  • irritants, such as soaps, cosmetics, latex, and certain metals in jewelry
  • increased stress levels
  • changes in hormone levels
  • dry or humid climates
  • excessive sweating, which can also worsen itching

Risk factors

Children may be more likely to have spongiotic dermatitis than adults.
Children may be more likely to have spongiotic dermatitis than adults.

Risk factors for spongiotic dermatitis include:

  • Age. Atopic dermatitis is more common in children than adults, with 10 to 20 percent of children and 1 to 3 percent of adults experiencing this condition.
  • Allergies. A person prone to allergies is at a greater risk of developing spongiotic dermatitis.
  • Irritants. Prolonged contact with irritating substances, such as detergents, chemicals, or metals can trigger the condition.
  • Family history. A person with a family history of atopic dermatitis is more likely to develop spongiotic dermatitis.

Diagnosis

By examining the skin of an individual, a doctor or dermatologist may diagnose spongiotic dermatitis. They can also inquire about particular symptoms, family history, lifestyle, and diet.

Sometimes, in order to help with a diagnosis, a doctor may recommend a biopsy. A biopsy requires taking a small sample of skin tissue and sending it to a research laboratory.

A patch examination can be done by the doctor as well. This test involves putting patches on the back of an individual that contain common allergens to see whether they cause the skin to have an allergic reaction.

Complications

Scratching an itchy rash can cause dry skin to crack or blisters to weep during extreme flare-ups, which can lead to skin infections.

Repeated scratching, which is a process called lichenification, can also lead to a thickening of the skin. And when the condition is not active, the thickened skin may be itchy all the time.

Treatment

Moisturizing daily may help to treat spongiotic dermatitis.
Moisturizing daily may help to treat spongiotic dermatitis.

While there is no clear cure for spongiotic dermatitis, people with medication, skin care, and lifestyle changes can treat flare-ups.

A list of potential spongiotic dermatitis treatments is given below:

  • Moisturizing daily and washing with a moisturizer instead of soap may also help.
  • Avoiding soaps, shower gels, and detergents, as these can further irritate the skin.
  • Applying topical steroid creams to ease redness and itching. Be sure to use the appropriate or prescribed medication, because using one that is too strong may cause thinning of the skin.
  • Applying topical calcineurin inhibitors, such as tacrolimus ointments and pimecrolimus creams, to control inflammation during flare-ups. These medications block a chemical that triggers inflammation in the skin and causes redness and itching.
  • Taking antihistamines to relieve the symptoms of allergies. Newer, non-drowsy antihistamines are less likely to cause tiredness.
  • Wearing bandages, dressings, or wet wraps on top of creams to stop the ointment from rubbing off, and to prevent scratching. Wet wraps are not recommended for babies or children as they can become too cold.
  • Having ultraviolet light treatment or phototherapy. This therapy is usually not recommended for children. Natural sunlight may ease some skin disorders by reducing inflammation.
  • Taking oral steroids, such as prednisolone, can relieve symptoms during severe or widespread flare-ups. A doctor or dermatologist will need to prescribe steroids.

Some people also report that taking vitamin A or fish oil can relieve symptoms.

Prevention

Ways to ease the discomfort of spongiotic dermatitis and to reduce the likelihood of future flare-ups include:

  • Following a daily skincare routine. This includes regular moisturizing and using prescribed medications or treatments.
  • Avoiding potential triggers. These may include certain foods, cosmetics, detergents, or types of animal.
  • Wearing non-rubber gloves when doing manual tasks, such as housework, to protect the hands.
  • Avoiding scratching the affected skin. Scratching can lead to further damage or infection.
  • Wearing soft, breathable materials, such as cotton. Avoid itchy fabrics, including wool.
  • Washing clothes with non-biological laundry powder. Use a double rinse cycle to get rid of detergent residues.
  • Keeping the skin cool. Overheating and sweating can make itchiness worse.
  • Treating symptoms as soon as they appear. When flare-ups become more severe, they are harder to control.

Outlook

For those who have the condition, coping with spongiotic dermatitis may be a continuing struggle. In the United States alone, over 30 million people have some form of atopic dermatitis.

Symptoms can clear up very easily, or they can be a long-term disorder.

This condition is not infectious, so anyone else is at no risk of getting it.

Spongiotic dermatitis, while difficult, is also manageable. In order to alleviate the symptoms and minimize the likelihood of potential flare-ups, a recovery plan involving medicine, skin care, and lifestyle adjustments will do a lot.

Atopic Dermatitis / Eczema

Varicose eczema: All you should know

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Stasis dermatitis, often known as varicose eczema, is a kind of eczema that affects people who have varicose veins. It occurs as a result of inadequate circulation. It commonly affects the lower legs, with sores developing as a result.

Other names for the same condition include gravitational dermatitis and venous eczema.

Adults are more likely to experience it, especially if they are overweight. According to studies, it affects 20% of people over the age of 70.

Symptoms

Poor circulation causes a skin condition called statis dermatitis.
Poor circulation causes a skin condition called statis dermatitis.

When blood flow in the lower legs is impaired, the valves in the veins weaken, allowing blood to leak into body tissues, stasis dermatitis develops.

This is known as venous insufficiency, and it can lead to the development of stasis dermatitis symptoms.

Initially, the symptoms will be felt in the ankles. There might be:

  • Swelling that appears toward the end of the day and lessens after sleeping overnight
  • Varicose veins covered with dry, itchy, or irritated skin
  • Red, swollen, and painful skin, which may be weeping and crusty
  • Heavy or aching legs when standing for a prolonged period

Other symptoms develop when the disorders go upward to the calf of the leg.

These include:

  • Purple or red sores, or venous ulcers, on the lower legs and the tops of the feet
  • Skin that is dry, cracked, shiny, and itchy

Sores that leak and crust become scaly on the skin. Bacterial infection and skin color changes are possible. Scabs and scars emerge when the wounds heal.

Eczema can affect other parts of the body in certain people.

If left untreated, the condition might deteriorate over time.

This can result in:

  • Deeply pigmented skin
  • Red and scaly skin in the affected area
  • Intense itching in the skin
  • Hard areas of thickened, fibrotic skin
  • Shrinking of the lower part of the leg

The situation may then get much more complicated.

Bacterial infection can infiltrate the skin through the gaps and poor skin condition. Cellulitis can develop in the leg and spread throughout it. Cellulitis is an illness that affects the deeper tissues of the body.

The combination of the effects of stasis dermatitis on the skin and the usage of various drugs can make it exceedingly sensitive and painful to touch. Contact dermatitis is the medical term for this condition.

Risk factors and causes

varicose veins
Varicose eczema is more common in people who have varicose veins.

Blood can be pushed upward toward the heart through valves in the legs. These valves fail as people age, allowing blood to flow out and pool in the lower leg, resulting in swelling and a condition known as venous insufficiency.

Blood leakage and cell death can result from these circulation issues, which can contribute to stasis dermatitis.

Those who have, or have had, the following conditions are at a higher risk:

The following are some lifestyle aspects to consider:

  • Excess body fat
  • A lack of exercise
  • Standing or sitting for a long time, for example, at work

People who are overweight or obese, as well as women who have had many pregnancies, are at a higher risk. The veins in the legs are strained even more as a result of extra weight during pregnancy.

Diagnosis

A physical examination will be performed by the doctor. The condition will be indicated by obvious signs and symptoms. They’ll inquire about the patient’s past medical history, including blood clots, surgery, heart disease, and previous damage to the afflicted area.

Tests may be performed to determine the cause of poor circulation.

These may include the following:

  • Heart function tests
  • Ultrasound to detect any blood flow problems
  • Blood tests

Because a person with stasis dermatitis is more likely to develop a skin allergy, allergy testing may be performed.

Treatment

Treatment will focus on relieving the symptoms.

  • Swelling can be reduced and circulation improved by compression stockings or dressings. The patient’s legs should likewise be lifted above the level of their heart.
  • Raising the legs can be beneficial. The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) recommends that patients elevate their legs for 15 minutes every 2 hours and sleep with them propped up on a pillow.
  • To minimize inflammation, including redness, swelling, and discomfort, a corticosteroid or a topic calcineurin inhibitor (TCI) may be administered.
  • Special dressings may be required for ulcers or weeping sores. The dressing must be changed every 2 to 3 days at first, but after that, once or twice a week will enough.
  • Cellulitis, erosions and ulcers, and other forms of infection will necessitate the use of antibiotics. A skin graft may be required for a big ulcer.
  • Itching can be relieved with antihistamines.
  • Moisturizers and emollients can aid in the prevention of dry skin. The ADD suggests using petroleum jelly or a thick lotion that says “fragrance free” on the label. Options might be discussed with a doctor, dermatologist, or pharmacist.
  • Varicose veins, which cause pain, irritation, and ulcers, can be removed by surgery.

If your skin gets discolored, a dermatologist can help you find ways to lighten it.

Management and prevention

sitting for long
Long durations of sitting or standing increase the risk.

The majority of people who have stasis dermatitis will have it for the remainder of their lives.

The following steps are included in the treatment of the condition:

  • Using medication for skin care and when symptoms flare up
  • Keeping the legs raised when possible
  • Using compression stockings

Stasis dermatitis may be avoided by taking care of the legs.

Among the measures are:

  • Avoiding bath products and soaps that dry the skin
  • Using emollients or moisturizers to keep the skin supple
  • Not standing or sitting for prolonged periods

Stasis dermatitis and a variety of other illnesses can be avoided by leading a healthy lifestyle that includes exercise and a well-balanced diet.

Sources:

  • https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/eczema/stasis-dermatitis#overview
  • https://www.aad.org/pblic/diseases/eczema/stasis-dermatitis
  • https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/eczema/stasis-dermatitis#symptoms
  • https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/eczema/stasis-dermatitis#treatment
  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/182793
  • http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Eczema-(varicose)-/Pages/Introduction.aspx
  • http://www.eczema.org/varicose-eczema
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19421082?dopt=Abstract

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Atopic Dermatitis / Eczema

Does Dead Sea salt help with eczema?

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For ages, people have bathed in the Dead Sea for medicinal purposes. People may now buy Dead Sea salt and utilize it at home. According to a few studies, this may help with eczema.

A prior study from 2011 revealed that a topical lotion mixed with Dead Sea minerals enhanced the skin barrier function in 86 children with eczema. However, there is currently no larger-scale research available.

People who want to try Dead Sea salt for eczema can buy the salts to dissolve in baths or use topical treatments containing the minerals.

Continue reading to find more about how and why Dead Sea salt could help with eczema, whether there are any hazards, and how to use it.

What is dead sea salt, and how does it work?

Dead Sea salt
Avichai Morag/Getty Images

The Dead Sea is the lowest point on the planet and the world’s saltiest body of water. It has a long history of being thought to have medicinal powers.

Scientists are still attempting to figure out if and how it helps with certain ailments.

The Dead Sea water contains a variety of minerals, including:

Salt may be made by evaporating water from the Dead Sea, which includes these minerals. These salts are subsequently used in goods like bath salts, body lotions, and soaps by some corporations. Dead Sea mud is used in other goods.

Is Dead Sea salt good for eczema?

There hasn’t been much research on whether Dead Sea salt can help with eczema. Two studies, however, suggest that it may be advantageous.

Dead Sea salt bathing

A 2005 scientific experiment looked at the effects of swimming in Dead Sea water containing magnesium chloride on people with atopic dermatitis, a kind of eczema.

For 15 minutes, research participants dipped one forearm in a water solution containing 5% Dead Sea salts. They dipped the second arm in the sink.

The researchers evaluated their skin quality at the start of the trial and once a week for the next six weeks. They found that individuals who soaked their skin in Dead Sea salts had greater skin hydration and less symptoms of roughness and irritation at the conclusion of the trial.

Dead Sea salt cream

An prior clinical experiment from 2011 looked at the benefits of a Dead Sea mineral-enriched lotion on children with mild to moderate atopic dermatitis.

The participants were divided into three groups for the study. For 12 weeks, all groups applied a cream to their entire bodies twice daily, in the morning and evening. Each group, however, utilized a cream that included different ingredients:

  • One cream was a simple emollient moisturizer with no ingredients from the Dead Sea.
  • One cream contained Dead Sea water.
  • One cream contained Dead Sea mud.

The group that used the Dead Sea water cream had the greatest outcomes of all the groups. Over the course of the 12 weeks, this cream had the most favorable impact on the skin barrier. Improvements were seen in the other groups as well, but they were not as significant.

How might Dead Sea salt help with eczema?

The possible advantages of Dead Sea salt for eczema are thought to be owing to its mineral content, according to researchers.

The authors of the 2005 research hypothesize that the therapeutic impact of Dead Sea salt was due to magnesium, which may assist bind water to the skin and aid in skin restoration.

According to a 2020 research, the high magnesium content of Dead Sea salt contributes to its therapeutic characteristics. Magnesium, according to the authors, can:

  • promote skin barrier integrity
  • reduce inflammation
  • boost water retention in the skin

Zinc, which is used in numerous skin healing treatments due to its propensity to aid wound healing, is also found in Dead Sea salt.

Is there a danger in utilizing Dead Sea salt?

The subjects in the 2005 and 2011 investigations tolerated the Dead Sea minerals well. This component by itself is unlikely to cause negative effects in otherwise healthy people. There are, nevertheless, certain possible dangers.

Balneotherapy is the practice of bathing in mineral water. In general, this is a safe procedure with little adverse effects. These can include the following:

  • exfoliative dermatitis, which refers to the shedding of the top skin layer
  • infections
  • low blood pressure and fainting with prolonged immersion
  • skin irritation
  • itching

If a person uses Dead Sea salts at home, however, negative effects are less likely to occur since they may control how concentrated and hot the water is. Water that is extremely salty or extremely hot can be drying.

The Dead Sea has a high concentration of salt, around 34 percent. The 2005 research, on the other hand, only utilized a 5% concentration and still found a favorable impact.

Balneotherapy should not be used by some people. This comprises people with the following conditions:

  • severe anemia
  • an impaired sense of balance
  • drug or alcohol intoxication
  • a recent stroke or heart attack
  • open wounds
  • skin infections
  • acute arthritis or other acute inflammatory conditions
  • a current atopic dermatitis flare-up
  • weeping lesions
  • blisters or ulcers
  • pustular or erythrodermic psoriasis
  • epilepsy
  • cardiovascular disease
  • severe high or low blood pressure

Before adopting any home remedies for eczema, people should always see a doctor, since they are not good for everyone.

Best way to use Dead Sea salt for eczema

If your doctor thinks it’s okay, there are numerous methods to sample Dead Sea salt. People can take a bath with the salt or use topical items containing Dead Sea salt, water, or mud.

To use the salt in a bath, follow these instructions:

  1. Run a bath of warm, but not hot, water. For balneotherapy, the water temperature is usually in the range of 86–104°F (30–40°C).
  2. Add 1 cup of Dead Sea salts to the water and allow them to dissolve.
  3. Get into the bath and stay in the water for a short time. The National Eczema Association recommends that people with eczema limit baths to 5–10 minutes.
  4. After leaving the bath, pat the skin dry with a clean towel. Try not to rub or scratch the eczema.
  5. Gently apply an emollient to the skin immediately afterward.

If a person just has eczema on one part of their body, such as their feet or hands, Dead Sea salts can be used in a mini bath that specifically treats those regions. However, the salt should not be used as a scrub since it might irritate eczema-affected skin.

Another alternative is to use fragrance-free Dead Sea mineral creams or lotions on the skin. This should be done after washing to ensure that the cream remains on the skin as long as feasible.

Other natural solutions

There are several additional natural therapies that may assist with eczema in addition to Dead Sea salts. These are some of them:

  • Colloidal oatmeal: Colloidal oatmeal can be added to bathwater to help reduce itching. Alternatively, you may form a paste and use it as a therapy on your skin before washing it off.
  • Vinegar: Vinegar straight from the bottle is far too abrasive for skin application. Vinegar, when diluted in a safe amount of water, can assist in the killing of germs. To a full bath, people can add 1 cup to 1 pint (236–568 milliliters).
  • Coconut oil: According to research, coconut oil decreases the number of Staphylococcus germs on the skin, lowering the risk of eczema infection. Apply virgin or cold-pressed coconut oil to wet skin once or twice a day to attempt this cure.

Conclusion

According to a few studies, Dead Sea salt may help enhance the skin barrier’s function and minimize the obvious indications of eczema. Minerals like magnesium and zinc may have a role in the benefits. More current and large-scale research, however, are required to prove this.

There is now no proof that it performs better than medical therapies, although it may be a valuable complement to people’s eczema treatment regimens.

Despite the fact that Dead Sea salt is typically safe, it may not be suitable for everyone. Before using, a person should consult with a doctor.

Sources:

  • https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1757-899X/305/1/012003/pdf
  • https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/treatment/
  • https://www.scirp.org/html/5-1050021_7247.htm
  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/dead-sea-salt-for-eczema
  • https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15689218/
  • https://dermnetnz.org/topics/balneotherapy
  • https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/84955/saltiest-pond-on-earth

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Allergy

Is eczema considered an autoimmune disease?

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Eczema is a blanket word that refers to a variety of inflammatory skin disorders, often known as dermatitis. Several kinds of dermatitis are caused by an immune system response, and some evidence shows that autoimmunity may play a role.

An autoimmune disease occurs when the immune system attacks the body’s healthy tissues by mistake. This is often distinct from other forms of immune responses, such as an allergic reaction, which occurs when the body considers a specific substance to be a threat.

However, according to research published in the Journal of Autoimmunity, atopic dermatitis (AD) can begin as an allergic reaction and proceed to an autoimmune response.

What is eczema?

eczema

Eczema is a term used to describe a collection of skin disorders that create itchy, inflammatory rashes. Eczema can show in red spots on people with light skin tones. On darker skin tones, the patches may appear brown, purple, or gray.

There are now seven forms of eczema recognized by doctors:

  • contact dermatitis
  • atopic dermatitis
  • stasis dermatitis
  • dyshidrotic eczema
  • seborrheic dermatitis
  • nummular eczema
  • neurodermatitis

The immune system appears to be linked to most kinds of eczema, although the data is limited.

This article examines the putative relationships between autoimmunity and three forms of eczema: atopic, dyshidrotic, and nummular eczema.

Is atopic dermatitis an autoimmune disease?

According to the American Academy of Dermatology Association, (AD) is a prevalent type of eczema with no clear etiology. Researchers believe that Alzheimer’s disease develops as a result of a combination of genetics, a weak immune system, and environmental factors that cause symptoms. Autoimmunity may also have a role, according to some studies.

According to dermatologists, patients with Alzheimer’s disease have a hereditary characteristic that causes their skin to lose moisture too fast, leaving breaches in the skin barrier. This might result in dry, unprotected skin.

This isn’t necessarily enough to produce Alzheimer’s disease. Other variables that may increase the likelihood of getting the illness in persons who are susceptible to it include:

  • living somewhere that is cold and damp for at least some of the year
  • exposure to pollution and tobacco smoke
  • stress

Autoimmunity may possibly play a role in Alzheimer’s disease. According to the authors of a research published in 2021, Alzheimer’s disease may begin as an allergic reaction before evolving to an autoimmune response. They believe that persistent inflammation and relapses are caused by this.

A major population-based research from 2021 discovered that patients with one or more autoimmune conditions, particularly those affecting the skin and digestive tract, have a greater risk of Alzheimer’s disease. This shows that one may cause or enhance the risk of the other.

More study on how Alzheimer ‘s disease develops, however, is needed to clarify whether it is an autoimmune disease and, if so, what therapies could assist.

Is dyshidrotic eczema an autoimmune disease?

Small, irritating blisters appear on the soles, palms, and margins of the fingers and toes in dyshidrotic eczema, also known as pompholyx. Although the reason is unknown, many people who suffer from it also have another kind of eczema. Doctors have also discovered that dyshidrotic eczema may run in families.

The following are some of the most prevalent causes of flare-ups:

  • metal allergies, especially nickel allergy
  • seasonal allergies, such as hay fever
  • heat and humidity
  • stress

Because there have been few research on the immune response in persons with dyshidrotic eczema, it’s uncertain if it’s autoimmune.

Is nummular eczema an autoimmune disease?

Nummular eczema is characterized by coin-shaped areas that are itchy and occasionally oozing. Patches can occur on any part of the body. Experts are unsure what causes nummular eczema, although they believe it has something to do with:

  • having dry or sensitive skin
  • having other types of eczema
  • metal allergies
  • cuts, insect bites, or chemical burns
  • low blood flow in the legs, if the patches appear there

Can eczema be a symptom of other autoimmune diseases?

Eczema and skin rashes are common symptoms of autoimmune diseases, however none of these symptoms alone would prompt a clinician to suspect an autoimmune illness. Eczema is a common skin condition that can develop on its own.

Eczema and autoimmune diseases can coexist, and the one can exacerbate the other. Eczema can be made worse by conditions that make the immune system more sensitive or cause inflammation.

Additionally, eczema can develop as a side effect of an autoimmune disorder. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), for example, can make it difficult to absorb nutrients.

According to a 2012 research, if certain nutrients, such as essential fatty acids, are deficient, the skin might become dry and prone to eczema.

Skin problems can potentially be an adverse effect of autoimmune disease therapy. For example, one of the drugs used to treat Crohn’s disease, infliximab (Remicade), can induce eczema.

According to a 2015 research, after taking this medicine, 29.6% of patients acquired scaling eczema and 18.5 percent had aggravated atopic eczema.

What other factors contribute to eczema?

Other causes, in addition to autoimmunity, can stimulate the immune system, including:

  • allergens
  • irritants, such as artificial fragrance, harsh cleaning products, or smoke
  • friction on the skin from itchy fabrics
  • certain bacteria, viruses, and yeast
  • dysbiosis, which is when the microbiome in the gut or on the skin is imbalanced

Symptoms can also be caused by things that decrease the skin’s capacity to moisturize and defend itself. Frequent hand washing, alcohol hand sanitizer usage, and hot showers, for example, can promote skin dryness. After having the skin wet, moisturizing it or applying sanitizers with moisturizers can assist.

Some of these variables have a greater impact on specific forms of eczema than others. Experts believe that seborrheic dermatitis is caused by a kind of yeast known as Malassezia.

This yeast thrives on the skin, but if it becomes too large, it might cause an immunological reaction. It may be controlled using antifungal treatments and shampoos.

To understand the causes of eczema and provide the appropriate therapies, doctors must first diagnose the precise form of eczema. People might have many types of eczema in different parts of their body, requiring different treatments.

Eczema can appear a lot like other skin illnesses including infections, psoriasis, and actinic keratosis, which is a precancerous skin rash.

If you haven’t received an official diagnosis or if conventional eczema treatments aren’t working, consult a dermatologist.

Conclusion

Eczema is a catch-all word for a group of seven inflammatory and itchy skin disorders. Each is unique and can be triggered in a variety of ways.

Some data, however, shows that autoimmunity may play a role in Alzheimer’s disease. Environmental factors, genetics, and a family history of allergies and asthma can all increase the risk.

More study into Alzheimer’s disease might lead to new medicines that tackle the underlying process.

Consult an eczema specialist for a diagnosis and treatment options that can help you manage your symptoms.

Sources

  • https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/types-of-eczema/
  • https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0896841121000421
  • https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/types-of-eczema/dyshidrotic-eczema/
  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/eczema-autoimmune
  • https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/causes-and-triggers-of-eczema/
  • https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/eczema/types/atopic-dermatitis
  • https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3109/00365521.2015.1125524
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3273725/
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8451742/
  • https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/types-of-eczema/nummular-eczema/
  • https://europepmc.org/article/med/31111169
  • https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/types-of-eczema/seborrheic-dermatitis/
  • https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/

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