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Supplements to ADHD: Do they work?

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Stimulant drugs are the first line hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment for attention deficit. Typical ADHD signs include hyperactivity, impulsive behavior and concentration problems.

Researchers have recently studied many different supplements which may help to alleviate symptoms of ADHD.

In this post, we detail the work into some of the more effective ADHD treatments for hormones, diets, and herbals.

Hormone, vitamin, and mineral supplements

Supplements can help to combat the mineral shortages caused by certain ADHD drugs.

Research shows that the levels of certain vitamins and minerals are often lower in people with ADHD. Given that, there is currently no conclusive evidence that deficiencies in minerals cause ADHD.

Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are in some cases a result of treatment for ADHD. Stimulant drugs, for example, can reduce appetite, which can lead to a reduction in a person’s appetite.

Many deficiencies in nutrients can also exacerbate ADHD, or cause symptoms that resemble the disease.

Scientists are studying the efficacy of the following hormone, nutritional, and herbal supplements in treating ADHD:

Melatonin

Melatonin is a hormone which regulates the process of the sleep-wake. It may be helpful for the ADHD sub-set that experts believe experience sleep disturbances.

Sleep disturbances are in many cases a side effect of stimulant drugs that doctors prescribe to treat ADHD. Stimulants function by increasing both brain and central nervous activity.

While this also improves ADHD symptoms, it can lead to the following problems in sleep:

  • Difficulty getting to sleep and waking up in
  • daytime sleepless
  • Waking up throughout the night

In a study of 2019 melatonin was examined in ADHD children, who had problems with sleep due to use of the methylphenidate stimulant. For at least four weeks, all 74 participants had various melanin doses.

In order to determine success in care, the researchers used parental records. Melatonin has improved sleep problems effectively for 60.8% of participants, according to the reports.

Vitamin D

For healthy brain growth and functioning, vitamin D plays a vital role. Many studies have established links to neurodevelopmental disorders such as ADHD between the vitamin D deficiency.

In a test of 2018, children with and without ADHD contrasted vitamin D levels. Those with ADHD had substantially lower blood levels of vitamin D as well as a vitamin D deficiency.

The researchers split children who had a deficiency of vitamin D into two classes during the second phase of the study. In one group, participants received a vitamin D supplement 8-week course while in the other group participants received a placebo course.

In contrast with children who received placebo, children receiving the supplements displayed substantial improved focus, impulsivity and hyperactivity.

These results suggest that the supplementation of vitamin D can improve the symptoms of ADHD in vitamin D deficient children. Further studies are, however, required to confirm this theory.

Zinc

Research has shown that zinc deficiency can be linked to ADHD among kids.

Zinc is an important mineral which plays a significant role in the function of the brain.

Symptoms similar to ADHD may occur in children with zinc deficiencies.

Examples include discomfort, carelessness and delayed cognostic development.

A correlation between zinc deficiency and ADHD has been documented in several studies in children. A 2015 research review found that zinc supplements may help treat symptoms of ADHD in kids with zinc deficiency.

However, the influence of zinc on ADHD symptoms in young or not zinc-deficient adults is still not evident.

Iron

The chemical dopamine of the brain is required for the production of iron. Research shows that people with ADHD appear to have decreased dopamine levels in the brain.

Thus, iron deficiency can play a part in ADHD, suggests some researchers. In a 2018 study, the iron levels in children with and without ADHD were measured in 17 studies.

In the study, iron deficiency children were most often affected by ADHD. In addition, iron deficiency and more serious ADHD symptoms were related in kids with ADHD.

These results indicate that iron supplements can help children with ADHD who have a iron deficiency. However, further studies are necessary to establish whether this is the case.

Omega-3 fatty acids

The omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids (EFAs) are important in the health of the brain. For the defense of brain tissue and the connectivity between brain cells, Omega 3 is particularly important.

The effects of the ADHD medication in children and young adults were discussed during a 2017 study by omega-3 and omega-6.

There were 16 controlled trials on randomized screening. Participants were either given an EFA supplement or a placebo in each of these studies.

Thirteen of the trials showed improvement by participants taking EFA supplements:

  • attention
  • visual learning
  • short-term memory
  • hyperactivity
  • impulsivity

Importantly, a review by 2016 found that the imbalance of children with ADHD is not a deficiency in EFAs. Generally, omega 6 to omega 3 fatty acids have a higher ratio.

The review authors suggest that it is more important to deal with this imbalance than simply to increase EFA intake.

Additional natural remedies

As potential treatments for ADHD, the following herbal supplements are also investigated.

Pycnogenol

Pycnogenol is the French maritime pine’s bark component. Component. A review in 2016 found that pycnogenol can improve symptoms of ADHD, according to a small number of randomized controlled trials.

Pycnogenol is a powerful antioxidant, according to the authors of the review, which can reduce cell damage and improve blood flow to parts of the brain that play an role in ADHD.

Nonetheless, further studies are needed to support the treatment of ADHD with pycnogenol.

Ginkgo biloba

Nausea, nausea, or vomiting can also be side effects for someone taking ginkgo biloba.

Biloba Ginkgo is a plant deriving from the G seeds. biloba vine. Biloba tree. This herb has chemicals known as trilactones of terpene. Research suggests that these molecules help prevent brain cell damage and make dopamine available in the brain more available.

The impact of ginkgo biloba on childhood ADHD were investigated in a small study in 2013.

Taking a combined 240 mg ginkgo daily dose for 3-5 weeks changed the ADHD symptoms. It was identified. The child’s concentration, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness improved according to the findings of the parents.

Nonetheless, the study was limited and there was no placebo control and there were only 20 participants. Well-controlled clinical trials are needed to confirm the benefits of ADHD for ginkgo.

While no adverse effects of herbal extract have been reported by the study, the National Institutes of Health lists:

  • gastrointestinal upset
  • nausea
  • diarrhea
  • headaches
  • dizziness
  • allergic reactions

Ginkgo may not be suitable for individuals with blood clotting problems or taking drugs, because it is also a possible blood thinner.

Conclusion

As alternative therapies for ADHD several different kinds of treatments are promising. However, there are still early research into these supplements.

More clinical trials with more patients are needed to better understand how these ADHD supplements are effective and safe.

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Is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) overdiagnosed and overtreated?

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In the public coverage of ADHD, there is a widespread belief that doctors overdiagnose and overtreat the disorder, particularly in children with behavioral issues.

A large study published in 2021 found indications of ADHD overdiagnosis, with the authors emphasizing that people with other diseases may be diagnosed with ADHD instead. According to other evidence, children who are among the youngest in their class are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD. Their immaturity and resulting behavioral issues may appear to be indications of ADHD when, in reality, they are caused by their age.

Personal experience and bias may influence a person’s perspective on ADHD overdiagnosis. People who oppose psychiatry are working hard to disprove the existence of ADHD. ADHD advocates, on the other hand, may push for earlier and more frequent diagnosis.

The issue of ADHD overdiagnosis is controversial, and it’s difficult to quantify. What is apparent, however, is that ADHD is frequently undiagnosed or misdiagnosed. About three out of every four children with ADHD receive therapy, but only 32% receive the pharmaceutical and behavioral treatment combination that most experts, including the American Academy of Pediatrics, recommend.

The risk of ADHD overdiagnosis and misdiagnosis can be reduced by seeking care from a skilled physician, utilizing specified diagnostic criteria, and ruling out other possible diagnoses. Continue reading to find out more.

Is ADHD overdiagnosed? 

adhd in children

According to emerging data, ADHD may be overdiagnosed. The percentage of children aged 3–17 years who have been diagnosed with ADHD has increased over time, from 5.5 percent in 1997 to 9.8 percent in 2018. This rise does not always imply a crisis of overdiagnosis. Other evidence, on the other hand, suggests that overdiagnosis is a factor in this trend.

In an older child, age-appropriate actions could be indications of ADHD. A 3-year-old, for example, cannot concentrate on schooling that a 6-year-old can do. According to some studies, this relative immaturity may play a role in overdiagnosis.

The youngest third of students in a classroom were more likely to take stimulant ADHD medicines than the oldest third, according to a 2016 study of children attending school in Israel.

Because a few months can make a significant difference in a child’s skills and maturity, it’s likely that some youngsters are prescribed ADHD medication due to comparative immaturity rather than ADHD.

A thorough review published in 2021 gives credence to the idea that doctors overdiagnose ADHD. The researchers looked through 334 studies and discovered the following:

  • The number of ADHD diagnoses has increased.
  • The treatment of ADHD with medication has increased.
  • The increase in ADHD may be due in part to diagnosing people who have only mild ADHD.

Furthermore, the five studies that looked at the risks and benefits of treatment revealed that the harms of treatment may outweigh the benefits in milder cases of ADHD.

Why?

Although some studies suggest that ADHD is overdiagnosed, there is no definitive study to explain why. The following are some possible explanations:

  • ADHD can be diagnosed in children who are younger than their grade-level peers and so less developmentally advanced.
  • When a person has another condition, they may be misdiagnosed. Sensory processing disorders, for example, can have symptoms that are similar to ADHD.
  • Ineffective parenting practices could be a contributing factor. Ineffective parenting may contribute to behavioral difficulties in children with ADHD, according to a 2015 study. While this isn’t a contributing reason to overdiagnosis, it could explain an apparent rise in ADHD-related behavioral issues. The researchers discovered a link between the use of punishment and inattention symptoms. Negligent parenting was also linked to ADHD symptoms.
  • It’s also worth noting that increased awareness is an important component. Parents, caregivers, and healthcare professionals may be more aware of inattentive signs as a result of increased ADHD awareness. As a result, more people with moderate symptoms can be diagnosed with ADHD.

Overdiagnosing ADHD

The right treatment for ADHD can make a difference in people’s lives, but too much treatment can be damaging. There are side effects to every treatment. The following are some of the possible adverse effects:

  • growth delays
  • anxiety
  • rapid heart rate
  • high blood pressure
  • loss of appetite
  • trouble sleeping

The stigmatization of developmentally normal behaviors may result from diagnosing ADHD based on immaturity. It may also lead a person and their parents or caregivers to be concerned about the long-term consequences of an inaccurate diagnosis.

Overtreatment problems

While evidence supports the concept of overdiagnosis, research on overtreatment shows the reverse.

Although it is true that some people without ADHD receive therapy as a result of overdiagnosis, people with ADHD are generally undertreated.

The majority of treatment guidelines emphasize the importance of both medication and behavioral and lifestyle changes. The American Academy of Pediatrics, for example, recommends that children with ADHD above the age of 6 get medication as well as behavioral interventions such as classroom help and therapy.

Children under the age of six, on the other hand, should only be given medication if all other options have failed. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), most children with ADHD do not receive treatment that meets these standards, according to a 2016 parent survey. The findings revealed that:

  • About 23% of children with ADHD received no treatment.
  • About 30% received only medication.
  • About 15% received behavioral treatments.
  • About 32% received both medication and behavioral interventions.

Avoiding overdiagnosis and overtreatment

Some of the options for preventing overdiagnosis include:

  • Using scientifically validated rating scales to diagnose ADHD: The Conners’ Rating Scales, the Vanderbilt ADHD Parent Rating Scale, and the Child Behavior Checklist are among these scales. Using these diagnostic methods instead of depending on first impressions or subjective assessments could be more effective.
  • Considering other diagnoses: ADHD isn’t the only cause of hyperactivity and inattention. These symptoms can also be caused by a variety of other disorders, such as sensory processing disorder and autism.
  • Assessing for symptom consistency: A period of inattention in a new environment or hyperactivity that only occurs in one or two settings may not indicate ADHD. Instead, these behaviors may indicate an issue with the environment, such as poor parenting or a stressful school setting.
  • Considering how maturity might affect diagnosis: A child who behaves differently than the rest of his or her classmates does not necessarily have ADHD, especially if they are several months younger than the majority of their classmates.
  • Assessing how well treatment works: Parents and healthcare providers should monitor the treatment’s effects to see if it improves the child’s behavior and provides assistance. Adults with ADHD should consider whether taking medication improves their performance significantly.

The majority of people concerned about ADHD overdiagnosis are concerned about medication usage. If a person just has minor ADHD symptoms, it may be best to attempt behavioral therapies first and then medication if those techniques fail.

The behavioral tactics for dealing with ADHD are similar to those used by parents or caregivers to deal with behavioral issues in children who do not have ADHD. These therapies have not been shown to be hazardous.

Conclusion

ADHD can be both underdiagnosed and overdiagnosed, and it can also be both undertreated and overtreated.

According to the research, some people who do not require therapy still receive it, while many people who do require treatment receive insufficient care.

It’s also possible that some children obtain an excessive amount of ADHD diagnoses, while others receive none at all. Individual definitions of overdiagnosis and overtreatment differ, hence the statistics aren’t conclusive.

ADHD is a real diagnosis, and people with it require therapy. These facts call into question the most outspoken opponents of ADHD therapy. Nonetheless, it is obvious that some people who take ADHD medication may not require it and may possibly be less healthy as a result of its use.

Sources

  • https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/timeline.html
  • https://chadd.org/for-professionals/clinical-practice-tools/
  • https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/data.html
  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/is-adhd-overdiagnosed-and-overtreated
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4443828/
  • https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/pds.3962
  • https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2778451
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4710942/
  • https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/treatment.html

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ADHD / ADD

What is Tourette syndrome (TS)?

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Tourette’s syndrome, often known as ‘Tourette syndrome,’ is a neurological illness characterized by a variety of bodily tics as well as at least one vocal tic. A few people with Tourette’s syndrome mistakenly say things that are inappropriate or obscene.

A tic is an uncontrollable movement or sound that a person experiences. Eye blinking, coughing, throat clearing, sniffing, facial, head, or limb movements, or producing strange sounds are all examples.

People with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more likely to have tics.

According to the Tourette Association of America, Tourette’s syndrome affects 1 out of every 160 children in the United States.

Damage or abnormalities in the brain’s basal ganglia have been related to the condition.

Tourette syndrome

a boy having Tourette syndrome

The following are some important points to remember concerning Tourette’s syndrome:

  • A person with Tourette’s syndrome will have physical and vocal tics lasting more than a year.
  • It is a neurological disorder with symptoms that are made worse by stress.
  • Treatment includes medication and behavioral therapy.
  • Tourette’s does not have serious complications. However, it may be accompanied by other conditions, such as ADHD, and these can cause learning difficulties.

Tourette’s syndrome is one of several tic disorders that can cause both transitory and chronic tics. Tics can appear at any age. However, it is most common in children between the ages of six and eighteen.

Tics usually get less severe during adolescence and early adulthood. Tourette’s, on the other hand, might worsen as a person grows older.

The frequency and intensity of both mild and significant tics tend to change for most people. When a person is under physical, emotional, or mental stress, tics may become more frequent and strong.

The majority of people with Tourette’s have a normal IQ and life expectancy.

Symptoms

A tic is the most common symptom of Tourette’s syndrome. This might range from being scarcely detectable to being severe enough to make everyday life difficult.

The initial indicator could be a facial tic, such as eye blinking. Each individual, however, is unique.

A tic could be:

  • Physical: Motor movements include blinking or jerking the head or another part of the body.
  • Phonic: The person may utter sounds, such as grunts or squeaks, and words or phrases.

There are two main classifications:

  • Simple tic: This may involve moving just one muscle, or uttering a single sound. Movements are sudden, short lived, and often repetitive.
  • Complex tic: The physical movements are more complex, and the phonic tics may include long phrases. Complex tics involve several muscle groups.

Tourette’s syndrome is characterized by a combination of phonic and physical tics that might be simple or complex.

Simple physical tics

The following are some examples of simple physical tics:

  • eye blinking
  • eye darting
  • grinding the teeth
  • head jerking
  • neck twisting
  • nose twitching
  • rolling the eyes
  • rotating the shoulders
  • shoulder shrugging
  • sticking the tongue out

Simple phonic tics

Examples of simple phonic tics may include:

  • barking sounds
  • blowing
  • clearing the throat
  • coughing
  • grunting
  • hiccupping
  • sniffing
  • squeaking
  • yelling and screaming

Complex physical tics

Examples of complex physical tics may include:

  • copropraxia, or making obscene gestures
  • echopraxia, or miming the movements of other people
  • flapping
  • head shaking
  • hitting things
  • jumping or hopping
  • kicking things
  • shaking
  • smelling objects
  • touching oneself or others

Complex phonic tics

Examples of complex phonic tics include:

  • varying one’s voice intonation
  • echolalia, or repeating what other people say
  • paliphrasia, or saying the same phrase over and over again
  • coprolalia, which means uttering or shouting obscene words or phrases

Advanced warnings

Most people will experience unusual or uncomfortable sensations before the onset of a tic.

Types of advanced warning include:

  • a burning feeling in the eyes that is only alleviated by blinking
  • increasing tension in the muscles that can only be alleviated by stretching or twitching
  • a dry throat that is only alleviated by grunting or clearing the throat
  • itching in a limb or joint, where the only relief is achieved by twisting it

Situations that may cause tics to worsen include:

  • anxiety or stress
  • fatigue, or tiredness
  • illness, especially a streptococcal infection
  • excitement
  • a recent head injury

The Tourette Association of America’s Medical Advisory Board was asked by Medical News Today (MNT) what advice they would give to parents who suspect their child has Tourette’s.

They told us:

“Tourette Syndrome is characterized by motor and vocal tics longer than 12 months. If this is the case, then start with a visit to the child’s primary care physician for an evaluation. Talk to him or her to see if the tics are causing pain or discomfort, bothering him or her, or affecting schoolwork or desired activities.”

The Association offers tools for parents and educators, as well as information on how to find advocacy and support organizations, for people with Tourette’s and parents of children with the condition.

Tourette’s causes and risk factors

There is no known etiology for Tourette’s syndrome. However, it appears to be caused by a problem with the basal ganglia, the brain region that controls involuntary movements, emotion, and learning.

Experts believe that problems in the basal ganglia could lead to an imbalance in the amounts of brain neurotransmitters, which carry messages from one cell to the next. Tics can be caused by abnormal neurotransmitter levels that impede normal brain activity.

The basal ganglia are affected by Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, and other neurologic diseases.

Tourette’s syndrome is thought to be inherited and to have a genetic basis. A person with a tic is more likely to have one themselves if they have a close relative with one.

It also appears to be more common among prematurely born babies.

Another notion is that tics are caused by a childhood sickness. Tourette’s symptoms have been connected to infection with group A streptococcal bacteria.

It’s possible that the bacteria trigger the immune system to create antibodies that interact with brain tissue, resulting in brain alterations. This could have repercussions in terms of treatment. More research, however, is required.

Tourette syndrome diagnosis

Because there is no current test for Tourette’s, doctors must rely on signs, symptoms, and medical and family history to make a diagnosis.

The following criteria must be present for a Tourette’s diagnosis, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition:

  • Two or more motor tics (such as blinking or shrugging shoulders) and at least one vocal tic (such as humming, clearing the throat, or yelling out a word or phrase) are present, however they do not always occur simultaneously.
  • Tics have been present for at least a year. Tics can happen several times a day (typically in bouts), almost every day, or on and off.
  • Tics started before the person turned 18 years old.
  • The person is experiencing symptoms that are unrelated to any medications or other drugs they may be taking, or to any other medical condition they may be experiencing (such as seizures, Huntington disease, or postviral encephalitis).

Other conditions that could produce similar symptoms include:

  • allergies, if there is coughing and sniffing
  • dystonia, a neurological condition that includes involuntary movements and prolonged muscle contraction, leading to twisting body motions, abnormal posture, and tremor
  • restless leg syndrome, if movements affect the legs
  • problems with vision, if the patient blinks a lot

These and other medical disorders can be ruled out by blood testing, skin tests, eye exams, and imaging studies.

Tourette syndrome treatment

Medication and non-pharmacological treatments are commonly used in treatment. Surgery may be a possibility in some circumstances.

Antihypertensives, muscle relaxants, and neuroleptics are examples of medications.

Antihypertensives

Antihypertensives are drugs that are used to treat high blood pressure, sometimes known as hypertension. They may, however, aid patients with mild to moderate Tourette’s symptoms by controlling neurotransmitter levels.

Clonidine is one such example. Diarrhea or constipation, dry mouth, headaches, dizziness, and fatigue are all possible side effects.

Muscle relaxants

Spasticity, or when muscles become overly stiff, is treated with muscle relaxants, which helps regulate physical tics. Baclofen and clonazepam are two examples. Drowsiness and dizziness are two common side effects.

Patients taking muscle relaxants should avoid drinking alcohol and should not drive or operate heavy machinery.

Neuroleptics

Neuroleptics work by blocking dopamine’s actions in the brain. They can be administered orally or intravenously. They can help with symptoms ranging from mild to severe. Slow-release neuroleptics are injected every 2 to 6 weeks in some cases.

Drowsiness, blurred vision, dry mouth, reduced libido, tremors, spasms, twitching, and weight gain are all possible side effects. There are some neuroleptics that have more side effects than others.

Patients should notify their doctor if side effects become an issue. They might be able to take alternative neuroleptics.

Non-pharmacological treatments

People with Tourette’s are frequently treated with behavioral treatment. It can aid in the modification of the patient’s behavior patterns.

Comprehensive behavioral intervention for tics (CBIT), a type of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), has been shown in studies to benefit children and adults with Tourette’s syndrome. The goal of therapy is to treat symptoms by changing habits.

The concept of habit reversal is based on the following:

  • patients are unaware of their tics
  • the purpose of tics is to alleviate uncomfortable sensations before they occur

The therapist assists the patient in keeping track of their tics’ pattern and frequency. Any sensations that cause the tics are likewise pinpointed.

Once the patient is aware of the tic, they can devise a less obvious method of alleviating the unpleasant sensations it is causing. A competing answer is what this is referred to as.

If a person feels the need to grunt or clear their throat because of an unpleasant sensation in their throat, they can learn to soothe the sensation by taking a series of deep breaths instead.

The type of CBT used to lessen chronic tics in people with Tourette’s syndrome can also affect the way their brains work, according to a 2015 study.

Another study released in 2015 indicated that GABA, a brain neurotransmitter, may assist people with Tourette’s syndrome treat their tics.

Relaxation therapy is frequently used in habit reversal therapy. Tics might become more severe and frequent as a result of stress or anxiety. Deep breathing and visualization can help alleviate anxiety, which can lead to fewer and milder tics.

Are there any other options for treatment?

Self-hypnosis, according to an older study, may be useful. According to anecdotal evidence, a variety of dietary components, such as a larger intake of vitamin B or vitamin D, may also be beneficial. However, research has not backed up these claims.

The Medical Advisory Board of the Tourette Association told MNT:

“There is no evidence at present for the use of any alternative therapies for the treatment of Tourette. Simply put, these have not been studied yet for Tourette.”

Exercise and a well-balanced diet, on the other hand, can assist to reduce stress and improve one’s sense of well-being, which can help to minimize the severity and frequency of tics.

Surgery

Adult patients with severe symptoms who have failed to respond to previous therapies are usually candidates for surgery.

Limbic leucotomy

A limbic leucotomy is a procedure in which a small portion of the limbic system is burned away using an electric current or a pulse of radiation. This system is in charge of certain emotions, behaviors, and memories. A limbic leucotomy may partially or completely fix the condition.

Deep brain stimulation (DBS)

Electrodes are permanently implanted in parts of the brain known to be connected to Tourette’s in DBS. They’re linked to small generators that have been implanted in the body.

The electrodes receive an electronic pulse from the generator, which stimulates different parts of the brain. This may aid in the management of Tourette’s symptoms.

DBS’s long-term effects have yet to be proven.

Managing Tourette’s Syndrome

Participating in competitive sports, playing a fun computer game, or reading an interesting book are all activities that can help you manage your tics. However, for certain people, overexcitement can be a trigger, therefore some activities might have the opposite effect.

Many people, for example, learn to control their tics at work or school. Suppressing tics, on the other hand, may raise tension until the tic can be vented.

Tic types, frequency, and severity may fluctuate over time. Tics are more acute throughout the adolescent years. They do, however, generally improve throughout early adulthood.

Tourette syndrome complications

The intelligence of a person with Tourette syndrome is unaffected. However, if the person additionally has ADHD, OCD, or ASD, learning difficulties may occur.

Bullying at school can be difficult for a child with or without these additional issues, making schooling both socially and academically difficult.

Schools can help by informing kids about the disorder so that they can better comprehend a classmate who suffers from it.

Because the basal ganglia are involved in habit learning, people with Tourette’s may have difficulty doing so. Writing, reading, and arithmetic skills may be affected.

A child with Tourette syndrome may require extra educational assistance.

Conclusion

Tourette’s syndrome is a condition characterized by at least one verbal tic as well as a variety of bodily tics. The illness can strike at any age. It normally begins between the ages of six and eighteen.

There is no known cause for Tourette’s syndrome. It appears, however, to be caused by a dysfunction in the basal ganglia. Involuntary movements, movement, and learning are all controlled by this part of the brain.

Medication and non-pharmacological treatments are commonly used in treatment. Surgery is a possibility in some cases.

Competitive sports, playing a fun computer game, or reading a good book can all aid in the management of the condition. It is important to note, however, that for certain people, overexcitement can also be a trigger.

Sources

  • https://www.tourette.org/about-tourette/overview/living-tourette-syndrome/bullying-issues/
  • https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/07/100712162541.htm
  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/175009
  • https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/tourette/diagnosis.html#TS
  • https://www.tourette.org/about-tourette/overview/
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3514747/
  • https://www.tourette.org/resources/overview/
  • https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/06/150625081617.htm
  • https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/Patient-Caregiver-Education/Fact-Sheets/Tourette-Syndrome-Fact-Sheet

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ADHD / ADD

ADHD awareness: What to know

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Raising awareness of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) aids in the establishment of welcoming and accessible schools and workplaces. It also guarantees that doctors can appropriately treat ADHD, lessens the severity of the disorder, and may encourage people with ADHD symptoms to seek treatment.

One of the most frequent neurodevelopmental diseases is ADHD. Both adults and children are affected.

According to a research published in 2021, ADHD affects about 5% of children and adolescents globally. According to the study, 6.76 percent of adults in the world have symptomatic adult ADHD. ADHD Awareness Month, which takes place in October, attempts to raise awareness of this disorder, which can influence a person’s employment, school performance, relationships, self-esteem, and other aspects of their lives.

Raising ADHD awareness enhances the quality of life for persons with the disorder and those who care for them. Because ADHD is so widespread, almost everyone knows someone who has it.

Continue reading to discover more about the significance of recognizing ADHD, what organizations are doing to promote awareness, and what people can do.

Benefits of ADHD awareness

ADHD awareness

ADHD is one of the most often diagnosed developmental diseases, yet it is also one of the most misunderstood. Myths regarding ADHD can be harmful to those who suffer from it.

Treatment may be hampered by the perception that ADHD is not a legitimate condition that requires treatment. Parents may feel guilty about getting therapy for a kid with ADHD if they believe their child is taking needless drugs.

According to a study published in 2021, ADHD stigma and myths are widespread, and these myths have an impact on people with ADHD’s self-perception. These beliefs may also discourage people from getting help or make them feel guilty and ashamed if they do.

According to a 2019 study, people with ADHD are three times more likely than the general population to attempt suicide. When stigma and beliefs obstruct therapy, people’s lives might be jeopardized.

ADHD frequently coexists with other mental health issues, and some evidence shows there may be a link between the two. A 2020 research, for example, discovered that ADHD in children increased the likelihood of depression in maturity. Treatment for ADHD may have a positive impact on one’s overall mental health.

Improving knowledge of symptoms

Although inattentive and hyperactive behavior are commonly linked with ADHD, it can also induce other symptoms. It’s possible that people with these symptoms aren’t aware that ADHD is a factor. The following are some lesser-known ADHD symptoms:

  • frequently interrupting others
  • the tendency to hyperfocus on some things
  • excessive talking
  • fidgeting

It’s also worth noting that, despite the difficulties, having ADHD can have a number of advantages.

ADHD symptoms can have a wide range of consequences. Raising awareness may lead to more empathy for those who suffer with ADHD symptoms. It may also improve a person’s chances of receiving an ADHD diagnosis and treatment. Many elements of their life, as well as the lives of others around them, can be improved as a result of this.

People who believe they have ADHD should see a doctor, according to ADHD resources. Doctors’ understanding of ADHD, on the other hand, varies.

Campaigns to raise awareness can assist. An intervention to raise awareness of ADHD among general practitioners boosted their understanding of the illness, according to a research published in 2020. This shows that doctor-targeted awareness initiatives might enhance access to high-quality, evidence-based therapy.

Adults with ADHD may benefit from public awareness initiatives. Media coverage of the diagnosis often focuses on children, creating the impression that this is a childhood diagnosis. But ADHD can persist into adulthood and may even appear for the first time in adulthood.

What are individuals doing to spread the word?

Organizations like Children and Adults with ADD (CHADD) offer educational seminars, awareness campaigns, and activities to raise awareness about ADHD and how it impacts individuals throughout ADHD Awareness Month.

Posters, pamphlets, educational campaigns, and ADHD-focused events are utilized by several medical institutions, such as hospitals and mental health systems, to increase awareness.

The ADHD Awareness Month website features personal tales about living with ADHD, as well as tools for those who suspect they may have the disorder. The site also debunks common misconceptions about ADHD, such as that it is a choice or a behavioral problem, and that physicians overdiagnose and overprescribe medicine to youngsters.

The hashtag #ADHDperspectives2021 was used in the 2021 Awareness Month campaign to share stories about living with ADHD.

Scientific education and public health efforts in general aim to debunk beliefs about ADHD and support diagnosis and treatment.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), for example, issues treatment guidelines that highlight the need of medicine and behavioral therapies. The CDC also highlights American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines, which emphasize that for children ages 4–6, behavioral techniques should be the primary line of treatment.

How can individuals help raise awareness? 

CHADD recommends the following strategies for raising awareness during ADHD Awareness Month:

  • Plan an ADHD walk to raise funds or awareness. During the COVID-19 pandemic, this walk might need to be virtual.
  • Post on social media.
  • Schedule another event, either virtual or in-person.

Both during October and in daily life, people can also raise awareness in the following ways:

  • People with ADHD who feel comfortable doing so might share their experiences, including how treatment has helped them.
  • People who do not have ADHD can ask friends and family with the diagnosis how they can help.
  • People can share information on social media dispelling ADHD myths and centering the experiences of people with ADHD.

Conclusion

It’s a medical condition that has ramifications in almost every part of one’s life.

While most people are aware that ADHD exists, they are less aware of how it affects people, how severe it may be, and the potentially life-changing impact of treatment. Instead, misconceptions regarding ADHD frequently take the place of scientific truths.

People with ADHD can get assistance, get treatment, and reach their full potential if they are aware of the fallacies surrounding ADHD.

Sources

  • https://chadd.org/awareness-month/
  • https://www.providence.org/news/uf/634836883
  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/adhd-awareness
  • https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/guidelines.html
  • https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/10870547211003671
  • https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry/article/suicidal-behaviour-among-persons-with-attentiondeficit-hyperactivity-disorder/6CECF48A64E415C871D233B2607114ED
  • https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12875-020-01112-1
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7762685/
  • https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/conditions.html
  • https://www.adhdawarenessmonth.org/
  • https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/psychological-medicine/article/adhd-and-depression-investigating-a-causal-explanation/02FC95F0E26F6265C7024856227DC510
  • https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29033005/
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7916320/
  • https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/diagnosis.html
  • https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/facts.html

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