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Complementary Medicine / Alternative Medicine

Tea tree oil for psoriasis: Uses, risk and benefits

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Psoriasis, and specifically plaque psoriasis, is an inflammatory skin condition that causes thick, red, and scaly plaque on the skin. Some anecdotal evidence suggests that tea tree oil, especially on the scalp, may help manage the itchiness and pain of psoriasis.

Tea tree oil is an essential oil, meaning that it is the distilled extract of a plant which contains high concentrations of beneficial compounds.

As essential oils can be highly active, to make them safe for use, people often mix them with a carrier oil.

We discuss the advantages of tea tree oil in this article and the evidence for its use in the treatment of symptoms of psoriasis.

Benefits

Benefits of Tea tree oil
According to anecdotal evidence, tea tree oil has a variety of benefits for psoriasis.

Tea tree oil is an essential yellow oil that comes from the leaves of Melaleuca alternifolia, referred to as the plant of the tea tree.

In Australia, where locals have used it for almost 100 years to treat minor wounds and skin problems, the plant grows.

Early studies indicate that there are antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, and antiviral properties of tea tree oil.

As a result, to relieve many skin irritations and health issues, such as acne, lice, and likely psoriasis, people use tea tree oil.

Anecdotal evidence indicates that it is a safe treatment, but no clinical trials have verified that tea tree oil is either successful or safe.

Use

Such recommendations for psoriasis using tea tree oil include:

  • Mix the oil with water, add a cotton ball to the skin, leave it overnight and wash it off in the morning.
  • Dilute the tea tree oil with olive oil or other carrier oil, add it to the affected areas, dry it and wash it off.
  • In the bath, apply a few drops of tea tree oil and take a bath in lukewarm water.
  • combining one part of tea tree oil with 10 parts of shampoo

Tea tree oil is readily available and present in a wide range of skin care products. Although the only evidence that supports its usage is anecdotal, when a person uses it correctly, it is secure.

People should try various psoriasis treatments before they find an alternative that is safe and convenient for the relief of symptoms.

Risks and precautions

Psoriasis
Before using tea tree oil to treat psoriasis, speak to a doctor.

Allergic reactions have been reported by some people, including:

  • severe rashes
  • redness
  • irritation
  • swelling
  • burning

If these occur, avoid the oil from being used.

When using tea tree oil and other essential oils, take caution. It can be dangerous to add them directly to the skin without carrier oil. To lower the risk of side effects, dilute the oil.

Never consume tea tree oil by mouth. The following adverse effects may result from swallowing tea tree oil:

  • stomach upset, including diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach ache
  • blood cell anomalies
  • severe rash
  • drowsiness
  • hallucinations
  • confusion

Some people should apply caution before using tea tree oil, including:

  • women who are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • people who are taking vancomycin, an antibiotic
  • people with linear IgA disease, an autoimmune skin disorder
  • boys who have not yet reached puberty, as tea tree oil can increase the growth of breast tissue
  • people with a known allergy to tea tree oil or its source plant

The efficacy of tea tree oil for psoriasis has not been tested in any research. When using tea tree oil, the risk of side effects means that individuals should be careful about controlling the symptoms of psoriasis before using it.

Also, anyone considering using tea tree oil should notify their doctor first because of the possible problems with some medical conditions.

Other natural remedies

To treat the symptoms of psoriasis, some people use other common herbal remedies.

They include:

  • Aloe vera: A person with this condition can apply at least 0.5 percent aloe-containing cream to the skin up to three times a day. Scaling and redness associated with psoriatic lesions can help to reduce this.
  • Capsaicin: This is the chemical that gives hot peppers a spicy flavor. Capsaicin-containing creams can help reduce pain, redness, and scaling that is associated with psoriasis.
  • Epsom salts: It can soothe irritated and itchy skin by adding Epsom salts to a bath, and may help reduce some of the scaling found in psoriasis. This remedy is well accepted by most individuals.
  • Omega-3 fatty acids: These are nutrients available in vegetable oils, fatty fish, soy products, nuts, and seeds, as well as in supplement form. In the treatment of psoriasis symptoms, some research supports the use of fish oils with large levels of omega-3 fatty acids.

Remedies that function for one individual may not have the desired results for another individual. These natural treatments should not replace the medical treatments for psoriasis, which are proven safe and often require a doctor’s prescription.

They can, however, give additional relief when used alongside these therapies.

Lifestyle changes

Sun expulsion
Restricted exposure to the sun may improve the symptoms.

By taking these precautions at home, individuals may increase physical comfort and the appearance of psoriatic plaque.

Some examples of effective methods of home treatment for psoriasis include:

Bathing: Bathing and showering may help to remove skin that is dead and inflamed and may also help to minimize psoriatic plaque. Adding Epsom salts to the water can also help control scaly skin, but it is essential for sensitive skin to avoid hot water and harsh soaps.

Showers and baths can, however, trigger irritation and dry skin. For only 5–15 minutes, you can restrict baths or showers to one a day, keeping the temperature mild and not hot.

An individual should apply a strong moisturizer after bathing while their skin is still moist. An important natural moisturizer is coconut oil.

Sunlight exposure: Exposure to small amounts of sunlight can help to improve symptoms. However, too much sunlight can cause or exacerbate a flare-up of symptoms, so talk to a doctor before starting a light therapy regimen.

People with psoriasis should apply sunscreen to any skin that is not plaque-affected.

Being conscious of triggers: Finally, individuals can keep track of what induces their psoriatic symptoms and, if possible, prevent them. Holding a symptom and potential trigger log may help determine what causes psoriatic flares.

Anyone who uses tea tree oil or other natural psoriasis remedies should contact their physician, as some of them can cause an allergic reaction. If they interfere with other drugs or medical conditions, some of these remedies can also be hazardous.

Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should consult their physician as well.

Medical treatments

To control the symptoms of psoriasis, most individuals require medicine. Topical creams, light therapy, and systemic drugs are options.

Topical medications: These are creams and ointments that are specifically applied to the infected skin by individuals. Corticosteroids, a class of anti-inflammatory medicines, are the most frequently used topical medications.

At some point, however, individuals who use these creams for a long time can find that their symptoms may get worse, making other drugs required. Synthetic vitamin D creams, topical retinoids, and calcineurin inhibitors, such as Protopic or Elidel, are other forms of treatment.

Light therapy, or phototherapy: Mild exposure to natural sunlight or artificial ultraviolet A (UVA) or ultraviolet B (UVB) light can ease symptoms and reduce psoriatic affected areas. Your doctor should monitor light exposure. For psoriasis therapy, tanning beds are not recommended.

Systemic medicines: These medications may be taken by mouth or injection by people with serious cases of psoriasis. Most of these drugs change the immune system, thus helping to reduce inflammation and skin cell overproduction. These, however, present a risk of significant side effects.

Biologic medication: Biologic medication can be recommended by a doctor for some forms of psoriasis, and particularly for moderate to serious symptoms. By targeting a particular part of the immune system, this type of drug would try to reduce the number of flares and manage symptoms.

An individual with this condition should always tell their physician about changes in symptoms to ensure the best care.

Conclusion

Tea tree oil is an essential oil which some anecdotal evidence indicates has beneficial effects on the symptoms of psoriasis.

There is, however, no scientific evidence available to support these advantages and the improper use of tea tree oil poses a high risk of adverse effects.

Never take tea tree oil by mouth, and always dilute it in a carrier or base oil. Make sure to follow the instructions.

Bathing in Epsom salts, capsaicin, and omega-3 fatty acids are other natural remedies. No natural treatment for psoriasis is a better alternative for medical treatment.

Sources

  • Carson, C. F., et al. (2006). Melaleuca alternifolia(tea tree) oil: A review of antimicrobial and other medicinal properties. 
    (LINK)
  • Herbal and natural remedies. (n.d.). 
    (LINK)
  • Can tea tree oil help treat psoriasis? (LINK)
  • How to treat psoriasis quickly with tea tree oil. (2016). 
    (LINK)
  • Katz, U., et al. (2012). Scientific evidence of the therapeutic effects of dead sea treatments: a systematic review. 
    (LINK)
  • Menter, A., et al. (2019). Joint AAD-NPF guidelines of care for the management and treatment of psoriasis with biologics. 
    (LINK)
  • Reuter, J., et al. (2012). Botanicals in dermatology.  
    (LINK)
  • Tea tree oil. (2016). 
    (LINK)

Complementary Medicine / Alternative Medicine

Safe and effective home treatments for kidney infection

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Kidney infections are caused by an overabundance of germs in the kidney. Another name for it is Pyelonephritis. Kidney infections can be serious enough to necessitate hospitalization, so home treatments are usually insufficient to treat them.

Because kidney infections have the greatest potential to harm the kidneys and spread to other parts of the body, they are often the most serious of all urinary tract infections (UTIs). Other UTIs can affect the bladder, ureters, or urethra, but they are less likely to cause harm.

Antibiotics are usually required to control the bacterial overgrowth that causes the condition. Home remedies, in addition to these, may aid in the body’s ability to remove the kidney infection as rapidly as feasible.

If someone feels they have a kidney infection, they should consult a doctor as soon as possible.

When to consult your doctor

If you experience any of the following signs of a possible kidney infection, you should consult a doctor immediately.

  • a fever of more than 103 ℉
  • In the urine, there is blood or pus, a thick white or yellow liquid.
  • they are unable to keep fluids down due to acute vomiting.

If a person has a history of kidney disease or stones, they should seek medical help right away to avoid further kidney damage.

The following are signs that a person should see their doctor as soon as possible if they suspect they have a kidney infection:

  • foul smelling urine
  • frequent urination
  • nausea
  • Is it safe to use home remedies?
  • a burning sensation when urinating
  • chills
  • flank pain, or pain in the sides or back

If a person’s symptoms worsen while taking medications to treat a UTI, they should seek medical attention. This could indicate that their infection has spread to their kidneys.

Is it safe to use home remedies?

It is not a good idea to treat kidney infections with only home treatments.

A person will need antibiotics to treat a kidney infection since it can cause severe symptoms and lead to kidney damage.

Home treatments, on the other hand, can help a person’s recovery and lower the chances of a recurrence of the kidney infection.

Before using any supplements as a home remedy, a person should see their doctor to ensure that they will not interact with any other prescriptions they are currently taking.

Symptom-relieving remedies

Drink plenty of water

Some home treatments and self-care practises that may help minimise kidney infection symptoms are as follows:

Drink plenty of water

When a person has a kidney infection, flushing bacteria from the kidneys is important. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, drinking at least six to eight 8-ounce glasses of water each day can assist.

If a person has kidney failure, their doctor may advise them to reduce the amount of fluid they drink.

Consume cranberry juice

Some specialists disagree with the premise of drinking cranberry juice to improve kidney health. However, some research suggests that cranberry juice may assist to reduce the quantity of bacteria in the body when a person has a urinary tract infection (UTI).

Mice with UTIs who drank cranberry juice had lower bacterial counts in their urinary tract, according to a 2018 study published in the journal Frontiers in Microbiology.

The researchers hypothesised that acids found in cranberry juice, such as malic, citric, and quinic acid, protect the urinary system.

Rest

While this cure may appear simple, it has advantages. After a kidney infection, getting lots of rest assists the body to mend.

Use warm, moist heat

Applying a heating pad or a warm water bottle to the area of flank pain might assist to relieve pain and relax irritated nerves.

To prevent the risk of burns, a person should always cover the burning object with a cloth. They should only use heat for 10 to 15 minutes at a time.

Heating pads can be found in stores and on the internet.

Drink green tea or take green tea extract

Green tea extract may have an antimicrobial effect on common bacteria strains that cause UTIs, according to a 2013 study published in the journal Frontiers in Microbiology.

Green tea extracts were administered to bacterial cells in the lab by the researchers. They discovered that green tea suppressed bacterial development over time.

It’s difficult to say whether the outcomes would be the same in humans because the study was conducted in a lab with samples. Green tea may, however, provide health benefits when a person has a urinary tract infection (UTI).

Green tea extract can be found in stores.

Use non-aspirin pain medications instead of aspirin.

Over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications like ibuprofen and acetaminophen can help with a kidney infection’s fever and discomfort.

Aspirin is a blood thinner that might cause high blood levels in a person’s urine, therefore it’s better to avoid it.

If a person is unsure whether or not they can use an over-the-counter pain treatment, they should consult their physician.

Effectiveness

A kidney infection cannot be cured alone with home treatments.

If a person suspects they have a kidney infection, they should consult a doctor for an antibiotic prescription.

Treatments with medicine

In order to treat a kidney infection, doctors will usually prescribe antibiotics. If a person’s symptoms are severe, they may need to be admitted to the hospital for intravenous antibiotics.

Even if they are feeling better, a person should always finish their antibiotic course. This may help to prevent the infection from returning.

If a person has recurrent kidney infections, a doctor may need to examine them further to determine the cause.

Some men, for example, may have an enlarged prostate, which can clog the urinary path and allow bacteria to grow more easily. Others may have a kidney stone that is preventing urine flow.

To address any underlying condition contributing to recurrent kidney infections, doctors may prescribe medications or suggest surgical procedures.

Sources:

  • https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2017.00542/full
  • http://www.kidneyfund.org/kidney-disease/kidney-problems/kidney-infection.html
  • https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2013.00162/full
  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/325887
  • https://www.urologyhealth.org/urologic-conditions/kidney-(renal)-infection-pyelonephritis

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Complementary Medicine / Alternative Medicine

9 powerful earache home treatments

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Earaches are often dismissed as a small annoyance, but they can be really painful. Some home cures can help while you wait for medical attention or antibiotics to take effect.

Ear pain can be excruciating, making it difficult to sleep, eat, or do much else other than think about it. An earache is particularly tough for many children to live with.

People with significant ear pain should always consult a doctor, especially if it is their first time. However, there are several home treatments that can be used to relieve less severe earaches or to reduce pain.

This article looks at nine excellent home remedies for people who are suffering from ear pain.

Causes of ear pain

ear pain

The most prevalent cause of ear pain is ear infections. Inflammation and pressure building in the ear when it becomes infected can cause excruciating pain.

Because infections from other parts of the body can impact the ear, people with ear infections frequently experience other symptoms such as sinus pressure or a sore throat. An ear infection can also be treated as a separate condition. The majority of ear infections are caused by bacteria rather than viruses.

An ear infection can only be diagnosed by a doctor. Antibiotics should not be taken without a prescription, nor should symptoms be mistaken for an ear infection.

Earaches, on the other hand, are not usually caused by an ear infection. Ear pain can be caused by a variety of factors.

These are some of them:

  • Referred pain: Infections or inflammation elsewhere in the body could cause this. A toothache, for example, might cause agonising pain in the ear.
  • Chronic conditions: TMJ (temporomandibular joint) disorder is one of them.
    Infections of the skin: If they’re in or near your ear.
  • Allergic reactions: These could come from a variety of sources, including soap, shampoo, and jewellery.
  • Water: If it becomes stuck in the ear, it might cause pain.
  • Pressure: Changes in altitude might have an impact on ear pressure. This normally goes away on its own, with a popping sound.

Ear infections can spread to the jaw and other parts of the body if not addressed. They can also cause the ear and result in dangerously high fevers.

People should see a doctor if they have symptoms of an ear condition that do not go away on their own after a day or two. People should seek medical help right once if the pain is severe, accompanied by a high fever, or includes hearing loss.

9 earache home treatments

If an earache isn’t too bad, or if a person is waiting for medical treatment to work, they might want to try these home remedies to reduce the pain.

Here are nine great home remedies for people who are suffering from ear pain:

1. OTC (over-the-counter) drugs

NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications) can temporarily relieve earache pain. People who are suffering from ear pain should attempt the following remedies:

It’s important to remember that giving aspirin to newborns and young children is dangerous. This is due to the risk of Reye’s syndrome, a potentially fatal condition.

Before giving over-the-counter medications to a kid under the age of two, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) advises parents to consult a doctor.

In newborns and young children, these medications can have substantial negative effects. It’s also worth noting that the recommended dosage for children is frequently lower than the recommended dosage for adults.

2. Heat

Heat from an electric heating pad or a hot pack can help to relieve ear inflammation and pain.

For 20 minutes, place a heat pad in the ear. People should use the heated pad to massage their neck and throat for the best benefits.

The heating pad should not be too hot to bear. Never fall asleep with a heating pad on your body, and never let a child use a hot pack without adult supervision.

3. Cold

An earache can be relieved with the use of a cold pack.

Wrap ice in paper towels or use a cold pack that has been frozen and then covered with a light cloth. For 20 minutes, apply this to the ear and the area immediately beneath the ear.

The cold should not be painful, and parents should not apply ice to their children’s skin.

Heat, rather than cold, provides relief for some people. Others find that alternating heat and cold packs (20 minutes hot, 20 minutes cold) provides the most effective pain relief.

4. Ear drops

Fluid and earwax can cause pressure in the ear, which can be relieved using ear drops.

Before using ear drops on a child, people should read the recommendations carefully and consult a doctor.

People should only use ear drops for a few days because they are not a substitute for prescription ear drops or antibiotics. People should see a doctor if their symptoms reoccur.

It’s important to note that ear drops should not be used on a youngster who has tubes in his or her ears or whose eardrum has ruptured.

5. Massage

Ear pain that radiates from the jaw or teeth, or that causes a tension headache, can be relieved with gentle massage.

The tender area, as well as any surrounding muscles, can be massaged. Massage the muscles of the jaw and neck, for example, if the area behind the ear hurts.

Massage may also aid in the relief of ear infection pain.

  • Apply downward pressure starting just behind the ears and moving down the neck.
  • Work your way forward to the front of the ears while continuing to apply downward pressure.

This form of massage may aid in the drainage of extra fluid from the ears, as well as preventing the pain from worsening.

6. Garlic

Garlic has long been used as a pain reliever in folk medicine. It may have antibacterial characteristics that can help fight infection, according to some research.

It should not be used as a substitute for antibiotics prescribed by a doctor. Instead, consider include garlic in your antibiotic regimen to hasten relief.

Try eating a garlic clove every day to prevent ear infections.

Garlic ear drops may also help to relieve pain and prevent infection from worsening. Cook two or three cloves till brown in two teaspoons mustard or sesame seed oil, then strain. After that, put a drop or two in each ear.

7. Onions

Onions, like garlic, can help fight infection and relieve pain. Onions, like garlic, are not a substitute for medical care.

Microwave an onion for a minute or two to soften it. After that, filter the liquid and put a few drops in each ear. Allowing the liquid to leak out of the ear after lying down for 10 minutes is a good idea. As needed, repeat the process.

8. Sucking

Sucking can assist relieve pressure in the Eustachian tubes by reducing pressure in the tubes.

Allowing and encouraging nursing babies to nurse as frequently as possible may make them feel better. Hard candy or cough drops can be sucked by both adults and children.

9. Breast milk

Antimicrobial characteristics are found in breast milk. According to certain studies, a mother’s breast milk alters depending on the bacteria that a newborn is exposed to.

This suggests that in babies, breast milk is the most effective. Adults, on the other hand, may benefit from breast milk, according to some authorities. To gain the maximum benefits from breast milk, infants and children should continue to nurse.

Topical administration of breast milk to nursing babies, children, and adults may also be beneficial. Breast milk is unlikely to cause any major negative effects, even if it doesn’t.

People can try putting a few drops of breast milk in each ear and repeating the procedure as needed.

Sources:

  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10594976
  • http://www.webmd.com/cold-and-flu/ear-infection/tc/ear-infections-home-treatment
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4232055/
  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/318057
  • https://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm263989.htm
  • http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2016/09/21/earache-home-remedies.aspx
  • http://www.reyessyndrome.org/aspirin.html

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Complementary Medicine / Alternative Medicine

Echinacea: Health benefits, side effects, and uses

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Echinacea is a daisy-like genus of blooming plants that is commonly used in cold treatments.

Supporters claim that the supplement improves the immune system and helps to minimize the symptoms of infections and other ailments, such as the common cold.

Researchers have yet to confirm that it has these advantages.

We’ll look at some of Echinacea’s potential applications and what the scientific research says about it.

What is it?

Echinacea
Echinacea’s antibacterial and antiviral characteristics may aid in the treatment of a variety of ailments.

The word Echinacea refers to a group of flowering plants native to North America.

Coneflowers are another name for these plants. Depending on the species, the petals are pink or purple, and they surround a spiky dark brown or red seed head, or cone.

Echinacea comes in nine different types, three of which are used to make herbal remedies:

  • E. angustifolia, which has narrow petals
  • E. purpurea, which has purple petals
  • E. pallida, which has pale petals

It’s probable that different species have distinct health advantages.

Traditional medicine uses echinacea, but experts have yet to show that it offers any health benefits.

Benefits

Echinacea plants contain a diverse range of active ingredients. Some of these molecules may be antibacterial and antiviral, while others may help the immune system in other ways.

Phenols are found in all kinds of Echinacea, as they are in many other plants. A variety of enzymes and cell receptors are controlled by phenols.

They may have advantageous antioxidant effects and protect the plants from infections and UV radiation damage.

The uses

Echinacea-based products are used by people all over the world to help with the treatment of a variety of ailments, including:

  • vaginitis
  • bronchitis
  • some inflammatory conditions
  • coughs and colds
  • upper respiratory infections
  • HIV
  • AIDS
  • gingivitis
  • influenza
  • canker sores
  • yeast infections
  • ear infections

Some people also take Echinacea to aid in the healing of wounds.

However, the majority of evidence for these applications is anecdotal. There are few scientific studies that back up the use of Echinacea in any treatment.

Types

Echinacea can be found:

  • fresh or dried, sometimes in teas
  • squeezed, as juice
  • as a dietary supplement, in pills
  • as an extract, in capsules
  • as a preparation to apply to the skin

Adverse effects

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), taking Echinacea by mouth for a short period of time is probably safe, but the long-term consequences are unknown.

After taking it, some people have acquired a rash, which could be the result of an allergic response. A person with a history of allergic responses is more prone to experience this.

According to the National Institutes of Health, the risk of other drugs interfering with Echinacea is probably low.

Herbal therapies are not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). As a result, people can’t be sure what they’re getting when they take a herbal cure. It’s possible that the product doesn’t contain everything that the label claims.

Is it effective?

Various claims have been made concerning Echinacea’s ability to fight infections, including the one that causes the common cold.

Colds and Echinacea

Echinacea has been demonstrated in several trials to aid in the prevention of colds.

For example, scientists found that taking Echinacea reduced the risk of acquiring a cold by roughly 58 percent and cut the length of a cold by 1.4 days in a study of over a dozen research.

However, another study indicated that Echinacea had no effect on the common cold, and that it only cut the duration of symptoms by half a day at best.

“Echinacea products have not been proved to provide benefits for treating colds,” according to a Cochrane analysis published in 2014.

Echinacea and COVID-19

Echinacea has yet to be proven to aid with the symptoms of a cold, and there is limited evidence that it can help with other conditions.

Some echinacea preparations may help treat viral respiratory infections, according to the authors of a review published in 2011. They do warn, however, that the lack of uniformity across Echinacea medications may make it difficult for people to identify effective treatments.

Meanwhile, a 2020 study suggests that a commercial medication containing Echinacea extract could help prevent severe coronavirus-related respiratory illnesses.

Other scientists, on the other hand, point out that this limited experiment did not examine the product’s effect on the virus that causes coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19).

Furthermore, the product has only been evaluated on cell lines and viral particles, not on people. The research was also not peer-reviewed, and it does not prove that Echinacea can assist in curing COVID-19 in any way.

The substance could be risky to people with autoimmune diseases, according to the scientists who issued the warning.

There is no proof that echinacea or any other herbal medicine ingredient, including COVID-19, may prevent or cure serious respiratory diseases.

Conclusion

Echinacea may assist to enhance the immune system, but further research is needed to establish this. It hasn’t been proven to cure a viral infection or any other illness.

Echinacea is sold dry, in teas, as liquid extracts, or as capsules over the counter at pharmacies, health food stores.

Before taking Echinacea or any other herbal supplement, consult your doctor because they may interact with your current medications.

Sources:

  • https://annals.org/aim/fullarticle/746567/echinacea-treating-common-cold-randomized-trial
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3586990/
  • https://www.nccih.nih.gov/health/echinacea
  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/252684
  • https://wa.kaiserpermanente.org/kbase/topic.jhtml?docId=hn-2081004
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4058675/
  • http://www.cochrane.org/CD000530/ARI_echinacea-for-preventing-and-treating-the-common-cold
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10825459
  • http://www.cmaj.ca/content/173/9/1043
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2254517/
  • http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laninf/article/PIIS1473-3099(07)70160-3/abstract
  • https://www.researchsquare.com/article/rs-15282/v2

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