Acne is a common skin condition that can lead to many forms of blemishes. Some include pimples, whiteheads, and blackheads. There are also ways that acne can be avoided.
Four factors leading to acne development have been established by dermatologists:
- the skin producing too much oil, which clogs pores
- dead skin cells building up, which has the same effect
- the presence of a bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) in the pores
- inflammation of the skin, which also leads to redness
A doctor or dermatologist may help determine which factor causes acne or a combination of factors. Many treatment and prevention approaches, however are similar, regardless of the cause. To protect against acne and reduce the number of breakouts, the following tips will help.
Fifteen ways to prevent pimples
To avoid pimples and other types of acne, there are many things a person can do, including:
1. Wash the face twice daily
Contrary to common opinion, acne is rarely the result of a dirty face. However by washing regularly, it is necessary to remove excess dirt and oil from the skin.
Many people like to use warm water and a mild cleanser. After washing, applying an oil-free moisturizer will prevent the skin from being too dry.
Over-washing the face can lead to dryness of the skin, which can aggravate pimples.
2. Refrain from harsh scrubbing
Some individuals clean with rough cloth pads or washcloths on the skin. This can make the skin irritated and cause inflammation, causing breakouts of acne worse.
To avoid pimples, applying a gentle cleanser with clean hands or a soft brush intended for use on the face will help.
3. Keep hair clean
It can exacerbate acne if excess oil in the hair spreads to the skin. Regular hair washing can prevent the development of acne, especially close to the hairline.
Refrain from having things like hair gel or spray on the face, as well. This can clog pores as well and lead to breakouts.
4. Refrain from popping or picking at pimples
Squeezing a pimple may be tempting, but this usually results in inflammation and scarring.
Use a topical cream instead to minimize the presence of blemishes. It can take some time for them to function, but they may also prevent the development of new pimples.
5. Apply topical treatments
Over-the-counter treatments such as creams or serums, especially when they appear to occur in certain areas, may minimize breakouts.
The following problem areas are common:
- the chin
- the nose
- the forehead
Treatments available for purchase over-the-counter often contain salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide. These products are not as effective as prescription-strength therapies, but can help prevent mild acne and decrease breakouts.
6. Consider topical retinoids
Topical retinoids are products containing vitamin A-based pharmaceutical products and are used by dermatologists to treat and prevent acne. These therapies can also eliminate excess dead skin cells and decrease inflammation.
Many topical retinoids, including tretinoin (Retin-A, Renova), and tazarotene, are only available by prescription (Tazorac).
However one retinoid drug, adapalene (Differin), is available over-the-counter for purchase.
7. Talk to a dermatologist about antibiotics
Topical antibiotics can combat the skin’s overgrowth of P. acne bacteria. Erythromycin and clindamycin, which are available by prescription, are examples of antibiotics which treat this inflammatory acne.
A person can identify inflammatory acne by its very red, irritated appearance. Also, it can be painful.
8. Talk to a doctor about hormone pills
By helping to regulate the hormones that may make acne worse, birth control pills can help to prevent acne.
These pills, however, carry risks, so before making a decision, it is essential to review the benefits and side effects.
In cases of severe acne, spironolactone, a medication often used to treat high blood pressure, may also help. There are many possible side effects of spironolactone, however, so it’s best to talk to a doctor.
9. Cut back on foods linked to acne
Doctors are not certain of the link between acne and food. A growing body of research, however, suggests that some foods in certain patients may trigger acne.
Foods with a high glycemic index may increase the risk of developing acne, or make acne worse, according to the American Academy of Dermatology.
These potentially problematic foods are high in carbohydrates and high in sugar. Some instances include:
Dairy products, particularly skim milk, can also increase the risk of developing acne in a person. To see if their skin improves, a person may want to cut back on a specific food group.
10. Wear sunscreen when going outdoors
There are many damaging effects of too much sun on the skin. Sunburn can also lead to an overproduction of acne-aggravating oils.
To prevent sunburns and exacerbated acne, the use of oil-free sunscreen with a protection factor of at least 15 may help.
11. Consider light or laser therapies
These therapies, which aim to reduce the presence of P. acne bacteria on the skin, can be provided by a dermatologist or esthetician.
12. Avoid skincare products that contain oil
Oil-containing skincare products can clog pores. These products are also meant to be used on skin that is dry or mature and does not have as much natural oil.
Generally, products which do not contain oil are called non-comedogenic.”
Avoiding handling household grease and cooking oils, which can also clog pores, could be a smart idea.
13. Refrain from excess exfoliation
The method of removing dead cells from the skin is exfoliation.
While some exfoliation can help improve acne, breakouts may worsen too much. This happens when an individual removes too much natural oil from the skin. By producing more oil, which clogs pores and leads to more pimples, the skin can compensate.
The skin can become irritated or feel very tight after washing if a person exfoliates too much.
14. Reduce stress
Inflammation is also caused by stress, which may make breakouts worse.
Some ways of mitigating stress that can help prevent acne are described below:
- doing yoga
- relaxing before bed by reading or taking a bath
- spending time in nature
- engaging in hobbies
15. Keep facial care products clean
To avoid the accumulation of bacteria that could lead to breakouts, makeup and facial sponges and brushes should be washed regularly with soap and water.
Before using, make sure that the brushes dry completely.
It can help to reduce acne by regularly and gently cleansing the skin, carefully selecting skincare products and avoiding contact with oil.
If none of these techniques show improvement within 6 to 8 weeks, for further recommendations, see a dermatologist.
Safe and effective home treatments for kidney infection
Kidney infections are caused by an overabundance of germs in the kidney. Another name for it is Pyelonephritis. Kidney infections can be serious enough to necessitate hospitalization, so home treatments are usually insufficient to treat them.
Because kidney infections have the greatest potential to harm the kidneys and spread to other parts of the body, they are often the most serious of all urinary tract infections (UTIs). Other UTIs can affect the bladder, ureters, or urethra, but they are less likely to cause harm.
Antibiotics are usually required to control the bacterial overgrowth that causes the condition. Home remedies, in addition to these, may aid in the body’s ability to remove the kidney infection as rapidly as feasible.
If someone feels they have a kidney infection, they should consult a doctor as soon as possible.
When to consult your doctor
If you experience any of the following signs of a possible kidney infection, you should consult a doctor immediately.
- a fever of more than 103 ℉
- In the urine, there is blood or pus, a thick white or yellow liquid.
- they are unable to keep fluids down due to acute vomiting.
If a person has a history of kidney disease or stones, they should seek medical help right away to avoid further kidney damage.
The following are signs that a person should see their doctor as soon as possible if they suspect they have a kidney infection:
- foul smelling urine
- frequent urination
- Is it safe to use home remedies?
- a burning sensation when urinating
- flank pain, or pain in the sides or back
If a person’s symptoms worsen while taking medications to treat a UTI, they should seek medical attention. This could indicate that their infection has spread to their kidneys.
Is it safe to use home remedies?
It is not a good idea to treat kidney infections with only home treatments.
A person will need antibiotics to treat a kidney infection since it can cause severe symptoms and lead to kidney damage.
Home treatments, on the other hand, can help a person’s recovery and lower the chances of a recurrence of the kidney infection.
Before using any supplements as a home remedy, a person should see their doctor to ensure that they will not interact with any other prescriptions they are currently taking.
Some home treatments and self-care practises that may help minimise kidney infection symptoms are as follows:
Drink plenty of water
When a person has a kidney infection, flushing bacteria from the kidneys is important. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, drinking at least six to eight 8-ounce glasses of water each day can assist.
If a person has kidney failure, their doctor may advise them to reduce the amount of fluid they drink.
Consume cranberry juice
Some specialists disagree with the premise of drinking cranberry juice to improve kidney health. However, some research suggests that cranberry juice may assist to reduce the quantity of bacteria in the body when a person has a urinary tract infection (UTI).
Mice with UTIs who drank cranberry juice had lower bacterial counts in their urinary tract, according to a 2018 study published in the journal Frontiers in Microbiology.
The researchers hypothesised that acids found in cranberry juice, such as malic, citric, and quinic acid, protect the urinary system.
While this cure may appear simple, it has advantages. After a kidney infection, getting lots of rest assists the body to mend.
Use warm, moist heat
Applying a heating pad or a warm water bottle to the area of flank pain might assist to relieve pain and relax irritated nerves.
To prevent the risk of burns, a person should always cover the burning object with a cloth. They should only use heat for 10 to 15 minutes at a time.
Heating pads can be found in stores and on the internet.
Drink green tea or take green tea extract
Green tea extract may have an antimicrobial effect on common bacteria strains that cause UTIs, according to a 2013 study published in the journal Frontiers in Microbiology.
Green tea extracts were administered to bacterial cells in the lab by the researchers. They discovered that green tea suppressed bacterial development over time.
It’s difficult to say whether the outcomes would be the same in humans because the study was conducted in a lab with samples. Green tea may, however, provide health benefits when a person has a urinary tract infection (UTI).
Green tea extract can be found in stores.
Use non-aspirin pain medications instead of aspirin.
Over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications like ibuprofen and acetaminophen can help with a kidney infection’s fever and discomfort.
Aspirin is a blood thinner that might cause high blood levels in a person’s urine, therefore it’s better to avoid it.
If a person is unsure whether or not they can use an over-the-counter pain treatment, they should consult their physician.
A kidney infection cannot be cured alone with home treatments.
If a person suspects they have a kidney infection, they should consult a doctor for an antibiotic prescription.
Treatments with medicine
In order to treat a kidney infection, doctors will usually prescribe antibiotics. If a person’s symptoms are severe, they may need to be admitted to the hospital for intravenous antibiotics.
Even if they are feeling better, a person should always finish their antibiotic course. This may help to prevent the infection from returning.
If a person has recurrent kidney infections, a doctor may need to examine them further to determine the cause.
Some men, for example, may have an enlarged prostate, which can clog the urinary path and allow bacteria to grow more easily. Others may have a kidney stone that is preventing urine flow.
To address any underlying condition contributing to recurrent kidney infections, doctors may prescribe medications or suggest surgical procedures.
9 powerful earache home treatments
Earaches are often dismissed as a small annoyance, but they can be really painful. Some home cures can help while you wait for medical attention or antibiotics to take effect.
Ear pain can be excruciating, making it difficult to sleep, eat, or do much else other than think about it. An earache is particularly tough for many children to live with.
People with significant ear pain should always consult a doctor, especially if it is their first time. However, there are several home treatments that can be used to relieve less severe earaches or to reduce pain.
This article looks at nine excellent home remedies for people who are suffering from ear pain.
Causes of ear pain
The most prevalent cause of ear pain is ear infections. Inflammation and pressure building in the ear when it becomes infected can cause excruciating pain.
Because infections from other parts of the body can impact the ear, people with ear infections frequently experience other symptoms such as sinus pressure or a sore throat. An ear infection can also be treated as a separate condition. The majority of ear infections are caused by bacteria rather than viruses.
An ear infection can only be diagnosed by a doctor. Antibiotics should not be taken without a prescription, nor should symptoms be mistaken for an ear infection.
Earaches, on the other hand, are not usually caused by an ear infection. Ear pain can be caused by a variety of factors.
These are some of them:
- Referred pain: Infections or inflammation elsewhere in the body could cause this. A toothache, for example, might cause agonising pain in the ear.
- Chronic conditions: TMJ (temporomandibular joint) disorder is one of them.
Infections of the skin: If they’re in or near your ear.
- Allergic reactions: These could come from a variety of sources, including soap, shampoo, and jewellery.
- Water: If it becomes stuck in the ear, it might cause pain.
- Pressure: Changes in altitude might have an impact on ear pressure. This normally goes away on its own, with a popping sound.
Ear infections can spread to the jaw and other parts of the body if not addressed. They can also cause the ear and result in dangerously high fevers.
People should see a doctor if they have symptoms of an ear condition that do not go away on their own after a day or two. People should seek medical help right once if the pain is severe, accompanied by a high fever, or includes hearing loss.
9 earache home treatments
If an earache isn’t too bad, or if a person is waiting for medical treatment to work, they might want to try these home remedies to reduce the pain.
Here are nine great home remedies for people who are suffering from ear pain:
1. OTC (over-the-counter) drugs
NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications) can temporarily relieve earache pain. People who are suffering from ear pain should attempt the following remedies:
It’s important to remember that giving aspirin to newborns and young children is dangerous. This is due to the risk of Reye’s syndrome, a potentially fatal condition.
Before giving over-the-counter medications to a kid under the age of two, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) advises parents to consult a doctor.
In newborns and young children, these medications can have substantial negative effects. It’s also worth noting that the recommended dosage for children is frequently lower than the recommended dosage for adults.
Heat from an electric heating pad or a hot pack can help to relieve ear inflammation and pain.
For 20 minutes, place a heat pad in the ear. People should use the heated pad to massage their neck and throat for the best benefits.
The heating pad should not be too hot to bear. Never fall asleep with a heating pad on your body, and never let a child use a hot pack without adult supervision.
An earache can be relieved with the use of a cold pack.
Wrap ice in paper towels or use a cold pack that has been frozen and then covered with a light cloth. For 20 minutes, apply this to the ear and the area immediately beneath the ear.
The cold should not be painful, and parents should not apply ice to their children’s skin.
Heat, rather than cold, provides relief for some people. Others find that alternating heat and cold packs (20 minutes hot, 20 minutes cold) provides the most effective pain relief.
4. Ear drops
Fluid and earwax can cause pressure in the ear, which can be relieved using ear drops.
Before using ear drops on a child, people should read the recommendations carefully and consult a doctor.
People should only use ear drops for a few days because they are not a substitute for prescription ear drops or antibiotics. People should see a doctor if their symptoms reoccur.
It’s important to note that ear drops should not be used on a youngster who has tubes in his or her ears or whose eardrum has ruptured.
Ear pain that radiates from the jaw or teeth, or that causes a tension headache, can be relieved with gentle massage.
The tender area, as well as any surrounding muscles, can be massaged. Massage the muscles of the jaw and neck, for example, if the area behind the ear hurts.
Massage may also aid in the relief of ear infection pain.
- Apply downward pressure starting just behind the ears and moving down the neck.
- Work your way forward to the front of the ears while continuing to apply downward pressure.
This form of massage may aid in the drainage of extra fluid from the ears, as well as preventing the pain from worsening.
Garlic has long been used as a pain reliever in folk medicine. It may have antibacterial characteristics that can help fight infection, according to some research.
It should not be used as a substitute for antibiotics prescribed by a doctor. Instead, consider include garlic in your antibiotic regimen to hasten relief.
Try eating a garlic clove every day to prevent ear infections.
Garlic ear drops may also help to relieve pain and prevent infection from worsening. Cook two or three cloves till brown in two teaspoons mustard or sesame seed oil, then strain. After that, put a drop or two in each ear.
Onions, like garlic, can help fight infection and relieve pain. Onions, like garlic, are not a substitute for medical care.
Microwave an onion for a minute or two to soften it. After that, filter the liquid and put a few drops in each ear. Allowing the liquid to leak out of the ear after lying down for 10 minutes is a good idea. As needed, repeat the process.
Sucking can assist relieve pressure in the Eustachian tubes by reducing pressure in the tubes.
Allowing and encouraging nursing babies to nurse as frequently as possible may make them feel better. Hard candy or cough drops can be sucked by both adults and children.
9. Breast milk
Antimicrobial characteristics are found in breast milk. According to certain studies, a mother’s breast milk alters depending on the bacteria that a newborn is exposed to.
This suggests that in babies, breast milk is the most effective. Adults, on the other hand, may benefit from breast milk, according to some authorities. To gain the maximum benefits from breast milk, infants and children should continue to nurse.
Topical administration of breast milk to nursing babies, children, and adults may also be beneficial. Breast milk is unlikely to cause any major negative effects, even if it doesn’t.
People can try putting a few drops of breast milk in each ear and repeating the procedure as needed.
Echinacea: Health benefits, side effects, and uses
Echinacea is a daisy-like genus of blooming plants that is commonly used in cold treatments.
Supporters claim that the supplement improves the immune system and helps to minimize the symptoms of infections and other ailments, such as the common cold.
Researchers have yet to confirm that it has these advantages.
We’ll look at some of Echinacea’s potential applications and what the scientific research says about it.
What is it?
The word Echinacea refers to a group of flowering plants native to North America.
Coneflowers are another name for these plants. Depending on the species, the petals are pink or purple, and they surround a spiky dark brown or red seed head, or cone.
Echinacea comes in nine different types, three of which are used to make herbal remedies:
- E. angustifolia, which has narrow petals
- E. purpurea, which has purple petals
- E. pallida, which has pale petals
It’s probable that different species have distinct health advantages.
Traditional medicine uses echinacea, but experts have yet to show that it offers any health benefits.
Echinacea plants contain a diverse range of active ingredients. Some of these molecules may be antibacterial and antiviral, while others may help the immune system in other ways.
Phenols are found in all kinds of Echinacea, as they are in many other plants. A variety of enzymes and cell receptors are controlled by phenols.
They may have advantageous antioxidant effects and protect the plants from infections and UV radiation damage.
Echinacea-based products are used by people all over the world to help with the treatment of a variety of ailments, including:
- some inflammatory conditions
- coughs and colds
- upper respiratory infections
- canker sores
- yeast infections
- ear infections
Some people also take Echinacea to aid in the healing of wounds.
However, the majority of evidence for these applications is anecdotal. There are few scientific studies that back up the use of Echinacea in any treatment.
Echinacea can be found:
- fresh or dried, sometimes in teas
- squeezed, as juice
- as a dietary supplement, in pills
- as an extract, in capsules
- as a preparation to apply to the skin
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), taking Echinacea by mouth for a short period of time is probably safe, but the long-term consequences are unknown.
After taking it, some people have acquired a rash, which could be the result of an allergic response. A person with a history of allergic responses is more prone to experience this.
According to the National Institutes of Health, the risk of other drugs interfering with Echinacea is probably low.
Herbal therapies are not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). As a result, people can’t be sure what they’re getting when they take a herbal cure. It’s possible that the product doesn’t contain everything that the label claims.
Is it effective?
Various claims have been made concerning Echinacea’s ability to fight infections, including the one that causes the common cold.
Colds and Echinacea
Echinacea has been demonstrated in several trials to aid in the prevention of colds.
For example, scientists found that taking Echinacea reduced the risk of acquiring a cold by roughly 58 percent and cut the length of a cold by 1.4 days in a study of over a dozen research.
However, another study indicated that Echinacea had no effect on the common cold, and that it only cut the duration of symptoms by half a day at best.
“Echinacea products have not been proved to provide benefits for treating colds,” according to a Cochrane analysis published in 2014.
Echinacea and COVID-19
Echinacea has yet to be proven to aid with the symptoms of a cold, and there is limited evidence that it can help with other conditions.
Some echinacea preparations may help treat viral respiratory infections, according to the authors of a review published in 2011. They do warn, however, that the lack of uniformity across Echinacea medications may make it difficult for people to identify effective treatments.
Meanwhile, a 2020 study suggests that a commercial medication containing Echinacea extract could help prevent severe coronavirus-related respiratory illnesses.
Other scientists, on the other hand, point out that this limited experiment did not examine the product’s effect on the virus that causes coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19).
Furthermore, the product has only been evaluated on cell lines and viral particles, not on people. The research was also not peer-reviewed, and it does not prove that Echinacea can assist in curing COVID-19 in any way.
The substance could be risky to people with autoimmune diseases, according to the scientists who issued the warning.
There is no proof that echinacea or any other herbal medicine ingredient, including COVID-19, may prevent or cure serious respiratory diseases.
Echinacea may assist to enhance the immune system, but further research is needed to establish this. It hasn’t been proven to cure a viral infection or any other illness.
Echinacea is sold dry, in teas, as liquid extracts, or as capsules over the counter at pharmacies, health food stores.
Before taking Echinacea or any other herbal supplement, consult your doctor because they may interact with your current medications.