Oregano is a member of the Lamiaceae (mint) family. For thousands of years, people have used it to spice food and treat health issues. It is a part of the Mediterranean diet.
Oregano was synonymous with joy and happiness by the Greeks and Romans. The name is derived from the Greek words “oros” (mountain) and “ganos” (joy).
Oregano comes in a variety of types. Oregano vulgare, also known as Spanish thyme and wild marjoram, is the most common form.
Oregano is used in the diet as a supplement as well as an aromatic oil.
The antioxidants thymol, carvacrol, limonene, terpinene, ocimene, and caryophyllene contribute to the taste and fragrance of the herb. They also add to oregano oil’s health benefits. When people eat oregano, they get a lot of other antioxidants.
For centuries, people in the Mediterranean region have used oregano in herbal medicine to treat a variety of ailments, including:
More research is needed to validate the benefits of oregano, but there is some evidence that it may be beneficial:
Antioxidants are found in oregano and other herbs. Antioxidants in the diet aid the body’s elimination of free radicals, which are harmful compounds generated by natural processes and environmental stresses. Oxidative stress is caused by an accumulation of free radicals. Oxidative stress can cause cell damage, which can lead to diseases like cancer and diabetes.
Learn more about antioxidants by clicking here.
Carvacrol and thymol are the two primary components of oregano essential oil. These may be antimicrobial in nature.
Carvacrol and thymol inhibited the growth of various strains of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) bacteria in meat and dairy products in a 2019 laboratory report, indicating that they could help regulate bacterial growth in foods.
Researchers performed lab experiments to examine the effects of oregano oil on different microbes that do not respond to other medicines, despite increasing concerns about diseases being resistant to antibiotics.
Against 11 of these microbes, the oil showed “strong antibacterial activity.” This indicates that compounds in oregano could help combat infections that are immune to antibiotics.
Although these tests show that oregano compounds may have antibacterial properties, this does not guarantee that consuming oregano would keep you from getting sick.
Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps in the immune system’s work.
The oils and constituents of oregano oil, such as thymol and rosmarinic acid, tend to have anti-inflammatory properties, according to one literature review.
Oregano extract has been shown to minimize inflammation in animal studies, which may lead to:
It’s worth remembering that the experiments used oregano extracts that were concentrated. This is not the same as oregano being consumed by humans.
Another herb with anti-inflammatory properties is rosemary.
Providing cancer security
Oregano may have anticancer properties due to some of its ingredients.
Extracts can help prevent DNA damage in cells caused by oxidative stress, radiation, and mitogens, a form of protein that can cause unwanted cell division, according to research.
Though oregano alone is unlikely to prevent cancer, a varied, plant-based diet rich in antioxidants can aid in the prevention of cancer-causing cell changes.
- improve insulin resistance
- regulate the expression of genes that affect fat and carbohydrate metabolism
- restore damaged liver and kidney tissues
Some people already use oregano leaves and oil to control high blood sugar levels, according to the authors.
Researchers discovered in 2015 that an oregano extract boosted type 1 diabetes in mice. This may be attributed to oregano’s antioxidant properties, immune system effects, and ability to prevent cell death, according to the researchers.
Stress-related behavior in rats given oregano treatment improved after 14 days. The authors of the study came to the conclusion that oregano could help with stress-related actions.
Other potential health advantages
People take oregano products by mouth for a variety of reasons, according to the National Library of Medicine:
- painful menstrual cramps
- rheumatoid arthritis
- urinary tract infections and disorders
- bleeding after a tooth extraction
- heart conditions
- high cholesterol
People apply oregano oil to the skin for:
- athlete’s foot
- canker sores, toothache, and gum disease
- insect bites and as an insect repellant
- muscle and joint pain
- varicose veins
In several of these cases, there is insufficient evidence to support the use of oregano as a dietary herb, supplement, or oil for medicinal purposes.
However, most people are unlikely to be affected if they do not drink too much oregano oil and use a diluted form of the oil for any topical applications.
Oregano comes in a variety of varieties, each with its own antioxidant and nutrient profile.
The nutrients in one teaspoon (tsp) or one gram (g) of dried oregano leaves are mentioned in the table below.
According to the 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans , it also indicates how much of each nutrient an adult requires. The requirements differ depending on the individual’s gender and age.
|Nutrient||Amount||Daily adult requirement|
|Calcium (millgrams [mg])||16.0||1,000–1,200|
|Folate (mcg, DFE)||2.4||400|
Tryptophan, lysine, valine, arginine, vitamin C, vitamin A, and vitamin E (tocopherol) are some of the antioxidants contained in oregano.
People can use the leaves dry or fresh to add a “Mediterranean” flavor to a range of dishes.
It tastes great with tomato and is commonly used in pizza and pasta sauces.
People also add it to:
- baked goods
- vegetable dishes
- legumes, such as lentils and chickpeas
- chili dishes
Here are some tips for adding it to food:
- While cooking, sprinkle meat, chicken with oregano for flavor.
- Use it in marinades or stuffings.
- Chop and mix into bread or pizza dough for a herby flavor.
- Add fresh oregano leaves to a salad.
- Sprinkle onto slices of mozzarella cheese and tomato, and drizzle with olive oil.
To moderate the flavor, try the following:
- Add toward the end of the cooking process for maximum flavor.
- Chop, crush, or grind the leaves to release more flavor.
- Start with a small amount and scale up, as too much can make the food bitter.
One teaspoon of dried oregano equals one tablespoon of fresh oregano in a recipe.
Oregano is sold in grocery stores, both dried and fresh. They can also cultivate it in the garden or in a pot on a windowsill or balcony. It’s a perennial, which means it’ll keep growing throughout the year.
Most people are likely to be healthy when using oregano as a spice, oil, or supplement.
However, people should:
Before beginning any supplement, they should consult their doctor, particularly if they are taking other drugs or have a medical condition.
Avoid oregano-based products for at least two weeks before surgery to reduce the risk of bleeding.
Before using essential oils, dilute them with a carrier oil like olive oil or water, as in a steam bath. Oregano oil should be used in a concentration of no more than 1%, or skin irritation can occur.
Swallowing essential oils or applying them to the skin can be harmful. To avoid toxicity, people should check the proper way to use of product.
The ability of the body to consume copper, iron, and zinc may be affected by oregano. It may also help to lower blood sugar levels.
People who are allergic to plants in the Lamiaceae family, which includes oregano, basil, lavender, mint, and sage, should be careful because oregano can trigger an allergic reaction.
- Al Dhaheri, Y., et al. (2013). Anti-metastatic and anti-tumor growth effects of Origanum majorana on highly metastatic human breast cancer cells: Inhibition of NFκB signaling and reduction of nitric oxide production.
- Amiresmaeili, A., et al. (2018). Effects of oregano essential oil on brain TLR4 and TLR2 gene expression and depressive-like behavior in a rat model.
- Appendix 7. Nutritional goals for age-sex groups based on dietary reference intakes and Dietary Guidelines recommendations. (2015).
- Asmat, U., et al. (2016). Diabetes mellitus and oxidative stress: A concise review.
- Bradbury, K. (2012). Cooking with oregano.
- Essential oils: poisonous when misused. (n.d.).
- Faleiro, L., et al. (2005). Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of essential oils isolated from Thymbra capitate L. (Cav.) and Origanum vulgare L.[Abstract].
- Leyva-López, N., et al. (2017). Essential oils of oregano: Biological activity beyond their antimicrobial properties.
- Lu. M., et al. (2018). Bactericidal property of oregano oil against multidrug-resistant clinical isolates.
- Oregano. (2019).
- What are the health benefits of oregano? https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/266259
- Rua, J., et al. (2019). Combination of carvacrol and thymol: Antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and antioxidant activity.
- Singletary, K. W. (2010). Oregano: Overview of the literature on health benefits.
- Soliman, M. M., et al. (2016). Origanum majoranum extract modulates gene expression, hepatic and renal changes in a rat model of type 2 diabetes.
- Spices, oregano, dried. (2019).
- Vujicic, M., et al. (2015). Methanolic extract of Origanum vulgare ameliorates type 1 diabetes through antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic activity.
Safe and effective home treatments for kidney infection
Kidney infections are caused by an overabundance of germs in the kidney. Another name for it is Pyelonephritis. Kidney infections can be serious enough to necessitate hospitalization, so home treatments are usually insufficient to treat them.
Because kidney infections have the greatest potential to harm the kidneys and spread to other parts of the body, they are often the most serious of all urinary tract infections (UTIs). Other UTIs can affect the bladder, ureters, or urethra, but they are less likely to cause harm.
Antibiotics are usually required to control the bacterial overgrowth that causes the condition. Home remedies, in addition to these, may aid in the body’s ability to remove the kidney infection as rapidly as feasible.
If someone feels they have a kidney infection, they should consult a doctor as soon as possible.
When to consult your doctor
If you experience any of the following signs of a possible kidney infection, you should consult a doctor immediately.
- a fever of more than 103 ℉
- In the urine, there is blood or pus, a thick white or yellow liquid.
- they are unable to keep fluids down due to acute vomiting.
If a person has a history of kidney disease or stones, they should seek medical help right away to avoid further kidney damage.
The following are signs that a person should see their doctor as soon as possible if they suspect they have a kidney infection:
- foul smelling urine
- frequent urination
- Is it safe to use home remedies?
- a burning sensation when urinating
- flank pain, or pain in the sides or back
If a person’s symptoms worsen while taking medications to treat a UTI, they should seek medical attention. This could indicate that their infection has spread to their kidneys.
Is it safe to use home remedies?
It is not a good idea to treat kidney infections with only home treatments.
A person will need antibiotics to treat a kidney infection since it can cause severe symptoms and lead to kidney damage.
Home treatments, on the other hand, can help a person’s recovery and lower the chances of a recurrence of the kidney infection.
Before using any supplements as a home remedy, a person should see their doctor to ensure that they will not interact with any other prescriptions they are currently taking.
Some home treatments and self-care practises that may help minimise kidney infection symptoms are as follows:
Drink plenty of water
When a person has a kidney infection, flushing bacteria from the kidneys is important. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, drinking at least six to eight 8-ounce glasses of water each day can assist.
If a person has kidney failure, their doctor may advise them to reduce the amount of fluid they drink.
Consume cranberry juice
Some specialists disagree with the premise of drinking cranberry juice to improve kidney health. However, some research suggests that cranberry juice may assist to reduce the quantity of bacteria in the body when a person has a urinary tract infection (UTI).
Mice with UTIs who drank cranberry juice had lower bacterial counts in their urinary tract, according to a 2018 study published in the journal Frontiers in Microbiology.
The researchers hypothesised that acids found in cranberry juice, such as malic, citric, and quinic acid, protect the urinary system.
While this cure may appear simple, it has advantages. After a kidney infection, getting lots of rest assists the body to mend.
Use warm, moist heat
Applying a heating pad or a warm water bottle to the area of flank pain might assist to relieve pain and relax irritated nerves.
To prevent the risk of burns, a person should always cover the burning object with a cloth. They should only use heat for 10 to 15 minutes at a time.
Heating pads can be found in stores and on the internet.
Drink green tea or take green tea extract
Green tea extract may have an antimicrobial effect on common bacteria strains that cause UTIs, according to a 2013 study published in the journal Frontiers in Microbiology.
Green tea extracts were administered to bacterial cells in the lab by the researchers. They discovered that green tea suppressed bacterial development over time.
It’s difficult to say whether the outcomes would be the same in humans because the study was conducted in a lab with samples. Green tea may, however, provide health benefits when a person has a urinary tract infection (UTI).
Green tea extract can be found in stores.
Use non-aspirin pain medications instead of aspirin.
Over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications like ibuprofen and acetaminophen can help with a kidney infection’s fever and discomfort.
Aspirin is a blood thinner that might cause high blood levels in a person’s urine, therefore it’s better to avoid it.
If a person is unsure whether or not they can use an over-the-counter pain treatment, they should consult their physician.
A kidney infection cannot be cured alone with home treatments.
If a person suspects they have a kidney infection, they should consult a doctor for an antibiotic prescription.
Treatments with medicine
In order to treat a kidney infection, doctors will usually prescribe antibiotics. If a person’s symptoms are severe, they may need to be admitted to the hospital for intravenous antibiotics.
Even if they are feeling better, a person should always finish their antibiotic course. This may help to prevent the infection from returning.
If a person has recurrent kidney infections, a doctor may need to examine them further to determine the cause.
Some men, for example, may have an enlarged prostate, which can clog the urinary path and allow bacteria to grow more easily. Others may have a kidney stone that is preventing urine flow.
To address any underlying condition contributing to recurrent kidney infections, doctors may prescribe medications or suggest surgical procedures.
9 powerful earache home treatments
Earaches are often dismissed as a small annoyance, but they can be really painful. Some home cures can help while you wait for medical attention or antibiotics to take effect.
Ear pain can be excruciating, making it difficult to sleep, eat, or do much else other than think about it. An earache is particularly tough for many children to live with.
People with significant ear pain should always consult a doctor, especially if it is their first time. However, there are several home treatments that can be used to relieve less severe earaches or to reduce pain.
This article looks at nine excellent home remedies for people who are suffering from ear pain.
Causes of ear pain
The most prevalent cause of ear pain is ear infections. Inflammation and pressure building in the ear when it becomes infected can cause excruciating pain.
Because infections from other parts of the body can impact the ear, people with ear infections frequently experience other symptoms such as sinus pressure or a sore throat. An ear infection can also be treated as a separate condition. The majority of ear infections are caused by bacteria rather than viruses.
An ear infection can only be diagnosed by a doctor. Antibiotics should not be taken without a prescription, nor should symptoms be mistaken for an ear infection.
Earaches, on the other hand, are not usually caused by an ear infection. Ear pain can be caused by a variety of factors.
These are some of them:
- Referred pain: Infections or inflammation elsewhere in the body could cause this. A toothache, for example, might cause agonising pain in the ear.
- Chronic conditions: TMJ (temporomandibular joint) disorder is one of them.
Infections of the skin: If they’re in or near your ear.
- Allergic reactions: These could come from a variety of sources, including soap, shampoo, and jewellery.
- Water: If it becomes stuck in the ear, it might cause pain.
- Pressure: Changes in altitude might have an impact on ear pressure. This normally goes away on its own, with a popping sound.
Ear infections can spread to the jaw and other parts of the body if not addressed. They can also cause the ear and result in dangerously high fevers.
People should see a doctor if they have symptoms of an ear condition that do not go away on their own after a day or two. People should seek medical help right once if the pain is severe, accompanied by a high fever, or includes hearing loss.
9 earache home treatments
If an earache isn’t too bad, or if a person is waiting for medical treatment to work, they might want to try these home remedies to reduce the pain.
Here are nine great home remedies for people who are suffering from ear pain:
1. OTC (over-the-counter) drugs
NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications) can temporarily relieve earache pain. People who are suffering from ear pain should attempt the following remedies:
It’s important to remember that giving aspirin to newborns and young children is dangerous. This is due to the risk of Reye’s syndrome, a potentially fatal condition.
Before giving over-the-counter medications to a kid under the age of two, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) advises parents to consult a doctor.
In newborns and young children, these medications can have substantial negative effects. It’s also worth noting that the recommended dosage for children is frequently lower than the recommended dosage for adults.
Heat from an electric heating pad or a hot pack can help to relieve ear inflammation and pain.
For 20 minutes, place a heat pad in the ear. People should use the heated pad to massage their neck and throat for the best benefits.
The heating pad should not be too hot to bear. Never fall asleep with a heating pad on your body, and never let a child use a hot pack without adult supervision.
An earache can be relieved with the use of a cold pack.
Wrap ice in paper towels or use a cold pack that has been frozen and then covered with a light cloth. For 20 minutes, apply this to the ear and the area immediately beneath the ear.
The cold should not be painful, and parents should not apply ice to their children’s skin.
Heat, rather than cold, provides relief for some people. Others find that alternating heat and cold packs (20 minutes hot, 20 minutes cold) provides the most effective pain relief.
4. Ear drops
Fluid and earwax can cause pressure in the ear, which can be relieved using ear drops.
Before using ear drops on a child, people should read the recommendations carefully and consult a doctor.
People should only use ear drops for a few days because they are not a substitute for prescription ear drops or antibiotics. People should see a doctor if their symptoms reoccur.
It’s important to note that ear drops should not be used on a youngster who has tubes in his or her ears or whose eardrum has ruptured.
Ear pain that radiates from the jaw or teeth, or that causes a tension headache, can be relieved with gentle massage.
The tender area, as well as any surrounding muscles, can be massaged. Massage the muscles of the jaw and neck, for example, if the area behind the ear hurts.
Massage may also aid in the relief of ear infection pain.
- Apply downward pressure starting just behind the ears and moving down the neck.
- Work your way forward to the front of the ears while continuing to apply downward pressure.
This form of massage may aid in the drainage of extra fluid from the ears, as well as preventing the pain from worsening.
Garlic has long been used as a pain reliever in folk medicine. It may have antibacterial characteristics that can help fight infection, according to some research.
It should not be used as a substitute for antibiotics prescribed by a doctor. Instead, consider include garlic in your antibiotic regimen to hasten relief.
Try eating a garlic clove every day to prevent ear infections.
Garlic ear drops may also help to relieve pain and prevent infection from worsening. Cook two or three cloves till brown in two teaspoons mustard or sesame seed oil, then strain. After that, put a drop or two in each ear.
Onions, like garlic, can help fight infection and relieve pain. Onions, like garlic, are not a substitute for medical care.
Microwave an onion for a minute or two to soften it. After that, filter the liquid and put a few drops in each ear. Allowing the liquid to leak out of the ear after lying down for 10 minutes is a good idea. As needed, repeat the process.
Sucking can assist relieve pressure in the Eustachian tubes by reducing pressure in the tubes.
Allowing and encouraging nursing babies to nurse as frequently as possible may make them feel better. Hard candy or cough drops can be sucked by both adults and children.
9. Breast milk
Antimicrobial characteristics are found in breast milk. According to certain studies, a mother’s breast milk alters depending on the bacteria that a newborn is exposed to.
This suggests that in babies, breast milk is the most effective. Adults, on the other hand, may benefit from breast milk, according to some authorities. To gain the maximum benefits from breast milk, infants and children should continue to nurse.
Topical administration of breast milk to nursing babies, children, and adults may also be beneficial. Breast milk is unlikely to cause any major negative effects, even if it doesn’t.
People can try putting a few drops of breast milk in each ear and repeating the procedure as needed.
Echinacea: Health benefits, side effects, and uses
Echinacea is a daisy-like genus of blooming plants that is commonly used in cold treatments.
Supporters claim that the supplement improves the immune system and helps to minimize the symptoms of infections and other ailments, such as the common cold.
Researchers have yet to confirm that it has these advantages.
We’ll look at some of Echinacea’s potential applications and what the scientific research says about it.
What is it?
The word Echinacea refers to a group of flowering plants native to North America.
Coneflowers are another name for these plants. Depending on the species, the petals are pink or purple, and they surround a spiky dark brown or red seed head, or cone.
Echinacea comes in nine different types, three of which are used to make herbal remedies:
- E. angustifolia, which has narrow petals
- E. purpurea, which has purple petals
- E. pallida, which has pale petals
It’s probable that different species have distinct health advantages.
Traditional medicine uses echinacea, but experts have yet to show that it offers any health benefits.
Echinacea plants contain a diverse range of active ingredients. Some of these molecules may be antibacterial and antiviral, while others may help the immune system in other ways.
Phenols are found in all kinds of Echinacea, as they are in many other plants. A variety of enzymes and cell receptors are controlled by phenols.
They may have advantageous antioxidant effects and protect the plants from infections and UV radiation damage.
Echinacea-based products are used by people all over the world to help with the treatment of a variety of ailments, including:
- some inflammatory conditions
- coughs and colds
- upper respiratory infections
- canker sores
- yeast infections
- ear infections
Some people also take Echinacea to aid in the healing of wounds.
However, the majority of evidence for these applications is anecdotal. There are few scientific studies that back up the use of Echinacea in any treatment.
Echinacea can be found:
- fresh or dried, sometimes in teas
- squeezed, as juice
- as a dietary supplement, in pills
- as an extract, in capsules
- as a preparation to apply to the skin
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), taking Echinacea by mouth for a short period of time is probably safe, but the long-term consequences are unknown.
After taking it, some people have acquired a rash, which could be the result of an allergic response. A person with a history of allergic responses is more prone to experience this.
According to the National Institutes of Health, the risk of other drugs interfering with Echinacea is probably low.
Herbal therapies are not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). As a result, people can’t be sure what they’re getting when they take a herbal cure. It’s possible that the product doesn’t contain everything that the label claims.
Is it effective?
Various claims have been made concerning Echinacea’s ability to fight infections, including the one that causes the common cold.
Colds and Echinacea
Echinacea has been demonstrated in several trials to aid in the prevention of colds.
For example, scientists found that taking Echinacea reduced the risk of acquiring a cold by roughly 58 percent and cut the length of a cold by 1.4 days in a study of over a dozen research.
However, another study indicated that Echinacea had no effect on the common cold, and that it only cut the duration of symptoms by half a day at best.
“Echinacea products have not been proved to provide benefits for treating colds,” according to a Cochrane analysis published in 2014.
Echinacea and COVID-19
Echinacea has yet to be proven to aid with the symptoms of a cold, and there is limited evidence that it can help with other conditions.
Some echinacea preparations may help treat viral respiratory infections, according to the authors of a review published in 2011. They do warn, however, that the lack of uniformity across Echinacea medications may make it difficult for people to identify effective treatments.
Meanwhile, a 2020 study suggests that a commercial medication containing Echinacea extract could help prevent severe coronavirus-related respiratory illnesses.
Other scientists, on the other hand, point out that this limited experiment did not examine the product’s effect on the virus that causes coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19).
Furthermore, the product has only been evaluated on cell lines and viral particles, not on people. The research was also not peer-reviewed, and it does not prove that Echinacea can assist in curing COVID-19 in any way.
The substance could be risky to people with autoimmune diseases, according to the scientists who issued the warning.
There is no proof that echinacea or any other herbal medicine ingredient, including COVID-19, may prevent or cure serious respiratory diseases.
Echinacea may assist to enhance the immune system, but further research is needed to establish this. It hasn’t been proven to cure a viral infection or any other illness.
Echinacea is sold dry, in teas, as liquid extracts, or as capsules over the counter at pharmacies, health food stores.
Before taking Echinacea or any other herbal supplement, consult your doctor because they may interact with your current medications.