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Menopause

What is menopause?

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Menopause is a transition into a new phase of life. Once the menstrual cycle ends it continues. Menopause is not a health concern and some view it as a release time. Hormonal fluctuations and other causes can be causing pain, however.

In developing countries, where the average age is 51, menopause typically starts between the ages of 40 and 58. In others, due to a medical condition or procedure, such as removing the ovaries, this may occur sooner.

Many females experience physical symptoms during the time of menopause, such as hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness, and a decreased sex drive. It can lead to anxiety, mood changes and a decreased sex drive as well.

Such symptoms can begin before menstruation is over, and may last for many years. The effect can vary from moderate to serious on a person’s quality of life. There are, however, ways to treat those symptoms.

Every single person experiences menopause differently. Some have complete, healthy lives before and after the process and some feel relaxed by not having to deal with menstruation or birth control any more.

Maintaining a balanced diet and daily exercise will make a person feel healthier in the long run and improve their overall health. Those experiencing signs of menopause will obtain medications and assistance.

Read more about what to expect during menopause, in this article.

What is menopause?

A person will experience menopause when their menstrual cycle finishes.
A person will experience menopause when their menstrual cycle finishes.

Menopause is the period of life that follows menstrual cycles to their conclusion. Each person can experience menopause differently.

This can last for many years, and there are three stages:

Perimenopause is the transitional phase that starts before menopause and involves the 12 months after the last cycle of a individual.

Menopause occurs about 12 months after the last menstrual, or when menstruation has ceased for a health cause, such as ovarian removal.

Postmenopause refers to the years after menopause, but it may be hard to know when menopause is over and postmenopause starts.

Signs and symptoms

Different physical and mental changes can arise during the menopause, which can cause symptoms. Some of these begin before menopause and some go on after.

The perimenopausal and menopause shifts include:

Lower fertility

As a female reaches the end of the reproductive period but before menopause starts, rates of estrogen begin to decrease. This diminishes the risk of becoming pregnant.

Irregular menstruation

The first indication that menopause is coming is that cycles usually occur less frequently. They may come more or less often than usual, and may be lighter or heavier.

Anyone who has questions regarding menstrual changes should see a doctor, as such changes can also signify pregnancy or health issues.

Vaginal dryness and discomfort

During perimenopause, vaginal dryness, itching, and discomfort can begin and continue into menopause. A person with any of those symptoms during vaginal sex can experience chafing and discomfort. It, too, will increase the risk of infection if the skin splits.

Atrophic vaginitis may also occur during menopause, causing thinning, drying and inflammation of the vaginal wall.

Diverse moisturizers, lubricants, and medicines may reduce vaginal dryness and related problems.

Hot flashes

Hot flashes are popular during the menopause time. They cause a person in the upper body to feel a sudden sensation of heat. The sensation may begin in the face, neck, or chest, and may move up or down.

A hot flash can also cause:

  • sweating
  • red patches to form on the skin

In addition to or because of hot flashes, some people feel night sweats and cold flashes, or chills.

Hot flashes typically occur after menstruation ends in the first year, but they can persist for up to 14 years after menopause.

Sleep disturbances

Sleep problems can arise during menopause, and they may stem from:

  • anxiety
  • night sweats
  • an increased need to urinate

Having plenty of exercise and avoiding big meals before bedtime will help handle these problems so contact a health care provider if they continue.

Emotional changes

Depression, anxiety and low mood during a menopause are normal. Experiencing moments of irritability and weeping spells isn’t rare.

Hormonal changes and sleep disorders may lead to those problems. A person’s feelings about menopause can also come into play. Distress over low libido or fertility ending, for example, may lead to depression during menopause.

Although feelings of sorrow, irritability, and tiredness during menopause are common, they do not necessarily suggest depression. Whoever experiences a low mood for 2 weeks or longer should see a doctor, who will decide on the best course of action.

Anyone who has sleep problems or any menopause related changes should contact a health care provider.

An article published in 2018 indicates that the connection between menopause and suicide can, in some cases, exist. Anyone contemplating suicide should seek support from a counselor or health care provider. Anonymous hotlines are available too.

Suicide prevention

  • If you know someone at immediate risk of self-harm, suicide, or hurting another person:
  • Call 911 or the local emergency number.
  • Stay with the person until professional help arrives.
  • Remove any weapons, medications, or other potentially harmful objects.
  • Listen to the person without judgment.
  • If you or someone you know is having thoughts of suicide, a prevention hotline can help. The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline is available 24 hours a day at 1-800-273-8255.

Trouble focusing and learning

Two-thirds of women in the lead-up to menopause may have trouble with memory and concentration.

Being active both physically and mentally, adopting a balanced diet, and keeping an active social life will help with these problems. Some people are gaining, for example, from discovering a new hobby or joining a club or social activity.

Physical changes

Various physical changes can develop around the time of menopause.

People may experience:

  • a buildup of fat around the abdomen
  • weight gain
  • changes in hair color, texture, and volume
  • breast reduction and tenderness
  • urinary incontinence

However, there is not always a direct connection between such changes and menopause. Others can take place separately at the same time as the transition, and age and lifestyle may play a role as well.

Increased risk of some health conditions

After menopause it appears that the risk of such health conditions is rising. Menopause does not cause these problems, but some function may be played by the hormonal changes involved.

Osteoporosis: This is a long-term disease in which bone strength and density are reduced. A doctor can recommend consuming more calcium-rich foods and taking vitamin D supplements to maintain bone strength.

Cardiovascular disease: The American Heart Association (AHA) states that while a reduction in estrogen due to menopause will raise the risk of cardiovascular disease, taking hormone therapy does not minimize this risk.

Breast cancer: Many forms of breast cancer have a greater risk of developing after menopause. Menopause does not cause breast cancer but the risk tends to be elevated by the hormonal changes involved.

LGBTQIA+ and menopause

Most menopause details describes the experiences of heterosexual, cisgender females. Menopause can however impact anyone born with ovaries.

A individual who converts to a male but retains their ovaries can experience menopause when the ovaries stop egg production.

When a person starts to take supplemental testosterone as part of their transition, then they can experience symptoms of menopause. Symptoms of menopause can also occur when a person undergoes surgery to remove his or her ovaries.

If transition requires all of these events, menopause symptoms may be the same as those of cisgender females.

Nevertheless, transgender people can face additional challenges, depending on their care team’s attitude. It is important that people who are transgender have access to health care professionals who understand their needs and are able to handle them effectively.

Treatment

Menopause is a natural process rather than a health issue. It may also entail detrimental physical and mental changes.

Everyone dealing with those changes will seek professional advice. A doctor may recommend one or more of these:

Hormone therapy

By supplying additional estrogen and a synthetic form of the hormone progesterone, this treatment helps regulate the hormone levels in the body.

Hormone treatment comes in various ways from patches of the skin and topical creams. This can help to reduce the occurrence of hot flashes and other symptoms of menopause.

Use it may also raise the risk of contracting other diseases and conditions of health.

A person should not use hormone therapy if they have risk factors for the following health problems or if they have a history of these issues, either personal or family:

  • heart disease
  • blood clots
  • high levels of triglycerides in the blood
  • gallbladder disease
  • liver disease
  • stroke
  • breast cancer

It is important to discuss the possible benefits and risks of hormone therapy with a doctor before deciding to use it.

Other treatments

A person may find that the following can also help relieve symptoms:

  • over-the-counter gels and other products for vaginal dryness
  • prescription pills, creams, and rings for vaginal dryness
  • low-dose hormonal birth control pills for hot flashes, vaginal dryness, and mood changes
  • low-dose antidepressants for hot flashes, even among people who do not have depression

Lifestyle tips

Tips for managing the challenges of menopause include:

  • getting regular exercise
  • practicing relaxation and deep breathing exercises
  • having a healthful diet that includes plenty of fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
  • quitting smoking and avoiding secondhand smoke
  • limiting the intake of alcohol
  • seeking counseling for anxiety, mood changes, and relationship concerns
  • establishing good sleeping habits and getting plenty of rest
  • doing Kegel exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor
  • talking to friends and family about the experience of menopause
  • exploring new ways of enjoying intimacy with a partner
  • joining a club, volunteering, or taking up a new hobby

Keeping an active sex life

Menopause can reduce the sex drive of a person and lead to vaginal dryness but it also removes the need for birth control. This can make sex more fun for others.

Having sex can also increase blood flow in the vagina and help keep the tissues healthy.

Some guidelines during menopause to maintain sexual health and behavior include:

  • staying physically active
  • avoiding tobacco products, recreational drugs, and alcohol
  • taking the time to become aroused, which will improve lubrication
  • doing Kegel exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor
  • not using any strong soaps around the vagina, as these can worsen irritation

Often, signs of menopause lead some individuals to find acceptable types of sex that don’t include the vagina as much or at all.

It is worth remembering that while a woman can not become pregnant once menopause starts, it is still important to protect against sexually transmitted infections by using barrier protection during penetrative sex.

Sexual partners may also get older at the same time — and may be undergoing menopause. We can feel a decline in sex drive too. Opening up on any issues could help both partners feel better and explore new types of intimacy.

Causes

Menopause is not a disease but a period of life. Most women undergo normal midlife menopause. Earlier though, surgery and other factors can cause menopause to begin.

Natural menopause

The reproductive years of a female last from puberty to menopause-from natural transition to natural transition.

The levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone in the body fall during menopause as they are no longer needed to help reproduction. Menopause causes those changes.

Surgery and treatment

If an person undergoes surgery to remove their ovaries, menopause may occur. When this occurs before middle age, it can be referred to by physicians as “early menopause.”

A doctor might prescribe hormone therapy to relieve these symptoms, but as always, it is necessary to evaluate the risks and possible benefits of this medication.

Some therapies, such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy, may cause ovaries to either temporarily or permanently stop functioning. The probability of this occurring depends on the age of the person, and the treatment type and venue.

An individual who has a menopause due to a surgical procedure will experience the same symptoms as an individual who has a normal menopause. The signs can occur more unexpectedly, however, because the physical change is more sudden.

An individual may also feel sadness or depression over early fertility loss. Some people plan to freeze eggs before pursuing this form of treatment or seek other choices for having children later in life. Counseling is regularly offered.

Discussing potential health effects with a doctor is also crucial, as women who undergo menopause early may have a higher chance of developing heart disease and osteoporosis.

Premature menopause

For causes other than medical treatments some women undergo menopause earlier than others.

Doctors find menopause to be “premature” if it starts before 40 years of age and if it occurs between 40 and 45 years of age. In around 5 percent of females, early menopause happens naturally.

Menopause often occurs early on when a person has:

  • a genetic condition that affects the chromosomes, such as Turner’s syndrome
  • an autoimmune disease
  • in rare cases, an infection, such as tuberculosis, malaria, or mumps

Anyone who experiences changes in menstrual patterns before the age of 45 should see a doctor.

Diagnosis

Menopause is not a disease but when menstruation begins, many women profit from seeing their doctors.

A doctor will also determine, by asking certain questions, that the cause for this transition is perimenopause or menopause. Researchers can also monitor hormone levels and do certain blood and urine analyzes to rule out health concerns. Nonetheless, no tests will say conclusively that menopause has begun.

People can check their hormone levels with test kits at home, some of which are available for online purchase.

Summary

Menopause is not for many people the only transition that happens during the middle ages. Changes in relationships and working or home life — like moving children away — may also have a huge effect. It can feel daunting when more than one of those changes happens in a short time.

Nevertheless, many women in the menopause and several decades later lead full, safe lives, and midlife may also be the beginning of a new era.

Q:

Do males go through a kind of menopause?

A:

Not quite. The natural aging process for people with male reproductive organs involves a gradual decline in testosterone over a lifetime.

For people with ovaries, menopause is a relatively short period of time during which there is a significant drop in the production of estrogen and progesterone. This may result in the undesired symptoms described in this article. Carolyn Kay, M.D.

Answers represent the opinions of our medical experts. All content is strictly informational and should not be considered medical advice.

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Menopause

Does keto assist with menopause?

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Some people find that adopting dietary and lifestyle changes helps them cope with the symptoms of menopause. However, there is no proof that the keto diet, in particular, is advantageous at this time.

Menopause is the end of a woman’s menstrual cycle. Perimenopause, the time before menopause, is when people begin to experience symptoms such as hot flashes and nocturnal sweats. This is caused by a decrease in estrogen and progesterone levels in the body.

Although no diet will prevent hormone levels from falling, dietary adjustments can help manage the symptoms that come with this shift. It’s unclear whether the keto diet can assist with this.

In this post, we’ll look at whether keto could be a good option for women approaching menopause, as well as the diet’s possible side effects and risks. We also take a look at different sorts of diets that may be useful.

Gender and sex exist on a spectrum. This article will use the terms “male,” “female,” or both to refer to the sex assigned at birth. To learn more, visit here.

What is the keto diet?

keto diet

The ketogenic (or keto) diet induces ketosis in the body. This indicates that the body burns fat for energy, converting it to ketones. It then substitutes these ketones for sucrose.

To enter ketosis, a person must cut carbohydrate consumption dramatically and replace it with fat. The keto diet usually consists of the following foods:

A person’s diet may include a variety of things. While in ketosis, they can eat a lot of fruits, vegetables, and good fats, but they can also eat a lot of red meat and saturated fat.

Is the ketogenic diet beneficial to menopausal symptoms?

The keto diet may aid in weight loss, but its effects on other menopausal symptoms are less apparent.

Impact on weight gain

Some people gain weight during menopause, which might be due to changes in hormone levels and a slowed metabolism.

There hasn’t been any research done to see if the keto diet may help women maintain a healthy weight throughout menopause. A big 2017 research including approximately 89,000 females aged 49 to 81 years examined four diets to assess how effective they were. The researchers performed the following tests:

  • a Mediterranean-style diet
  • a diet consistent with the United States Department of Agriculture’s Dietary Guidelines for Americans
  • a low fat diet
  • a low carbohydrate diet

Researchers discovered that people who ate a low-carb diet had a decreased risk of postmenopausal weight gain than those who ate a high-carb diet.

The low carbohydrate diet in this trial, on the other hand, limited carbs to 163 grams (g) per day. The keto diet is far stricter than this, reducing carbs to less than 50 grams per day.

Impact on cravings

During perimenopause and menopause, people may notice an increase in appetite or food cravings. According to some study, the keto diet may assist with these symptoms by reducing appetite.

For example, a 2019 research looked at the keto diet and changes in appetite in 55 female and 40 male obese patients.

The female participants’ levels of the appetite-regulating hormone glucagon-like peptide 1 rose after 8 weeks of following the keto diet, according to the researchers. Surprisingly, the male participants’ levels of this hormone dropped.

The research did not, however, particularly look at appetite loss following menopause. The women in the study ranged in age from 18 to 65, so there was a mix of pre- and postmenopausal women.

Impact on insulin

Insulin sensitivity might decrease after menopause. Insulin is a hormone that helps sugar move from the circulation into cells. High blood sugar, which is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, can occur if someone does not make enough insulin.

The ketogenic diet may assist to keep insulin levels in check. Reduced carbohydrate consumption, according to studies, can lower insulin needs and improve insulin sensitivity.

Females with endometrial and ovarian cancer who followed a ketogenic diet for 12 weeks improved their insulin sensitivity, according to a 2018 research.

Is keto beneficial for hormone balance?

The consequences of dropping estrogen and progesterone levels are unclear because there is no study on whether the keto diet supports or inhibits the balance of reproductive hormones after menopause.

Is it possible to get out of menopause with keto?

No, no diet, supplement, or medicine can make menopause go away or be reversed. It is a normal period of life in which the body produces less estrogen and progesterone.

Hormone treatment, on the other hand, can replenish the hormones that are being lost, which can help to ease symptoms.

Keto side effects

The keto diet might have negative side effects, especially when initially starting off. As the body enters ketosis, many people experience “keto flu,” a cluster of symptoms. These can include the following:

Following a ketogenic diet might make getting enough of key nutrients more difficult. Those who adopt a keto diet, for example, ingest less fiber, according to one study

In order to avoid carbs, people may consume less fruits and vegetables, which means they get fewer vitamins, minerals, and prebiotics. Beneficial bacteria in the gut are fed by prebiotic fiber.

Focusing on eating enough of fiber and fresh fruit while on the keto diet is one method to counteract this.

Risks

The keto diet’s long-term effects are still being studied, although research show there are certain risks.

Kidney stones

The ketogenic diet may raise the risk of kidney stones. The prevalence of kidney stones in children who adopt a keto diet is roughly 5.8%, according to a study and meta-analysis published in 2021. Adults had a rate of 7.9%.

Cardiovascular health

According to some research, the keto diet raises low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, also known as “bad” cholesterol.

One tiny study indicated that after three weeks on the keto diet, LDL cholesterol climbed by 39%. In addition, 59 percent of the participants in the research had LDL cholesterol levels that were greater than the amount advised for avoiding cardiovascular disease.

Menopause raises the risk of heart disease, thus adopting a keto diet while going through the process may increase the risk.

Bone health

Menopause has an impact on bone health. Estrogen deficiency lowers bone mineral density, raising the risk of osteoporosis.

Ketosis was also connected to a reduction of bone density in a 2020 study that looked at the effects of a short-term keto diet. The study looked at 30 athletes who followed the diet for 3.5 weeks and discovered that they had less new bone development and more bone degradation.

Even after the patients returned to their typical diets, their capacity to manufacture healthy new bone did not return to normal, according to the researchers.

However, in this study, the majority of the athletes were male, with only five girls. The participants were 28 years old on average. More study is needed to determine how the keto diet may affect menopausal people.

Other diets for menopause

For many people, the keto diet entails significant adjustments, but there are alternative options that might assist in achieving or maintaining a healthy weight.

The Mediterranean diet

The Mediterranean diet emphasizes fruits, vegetables, and healthy fats like olive oil and almonds. It prohibits the consumption of saturated fats, red meat, and alcoholic beverages.

Researchers discovered that the Mediterranean diet was not as successful for weight reduction as a low carbohydrate diet, but it was more effective than a low fat diet in a 2017 study comparing the Mediterranean diet to three other diet types in postmenopausal females.

In postmenopausal women, the Mediterranean diet was linked to better bone density and muscle mass, according to a research published in 2021.

Plant-based diets

Avoiding animal-derived foods in favor of plant-based foods is part of a plant-based diet. According to a 2018 study that compared perimenopausal and menopausal vegans, vegetarians, and omnivores, eating a diet rich in vegetables and low in meat was associated with fewer troublesome menopausal symptoms.

Similar findings were found in a 2012 study of nearly 17,000 postmenopausal women. Researchers urged 40 percent of the individuals to eat a low-fat diet with a higher consumption of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

These individuals were three times more likely to lose weight and have menopausal symptoms like hot flashes and night sweats disappear.

Conclusion

A ketogenic diet consists of meals that are low in carbs, moderate in protein, and high in fat. It puts the body into ketosis, a weight-loss-friendly metabolic state.

The keto diet may assist with weight gain, which is one of the symptoms of menopause. However, a keto diet raises LDL cholesterol, which might be dangerous because menopause raises the risk of heart disease. A keto diet will not be able to reverse menopause, but it may help to alleviate its symptoms.

The Mediterranean diet and plant-based diets are two other diets that may aid women going through menopause. Before beginning any new diet, people should get medical advice.

Sources:

  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/labs/pmc/articles/PMC8161846/
  • https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29704911/
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/labs/pmc/articles/PMC7082414/
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/labs/pmc/articles/PMC8496516/
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3972600/
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5728369/
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6209021/
  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/keto-and-menopause
  • https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fendo.2019.00880/full
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3428489/
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6537934/
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Does CBD oil help with the symptoms of menopause?

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Cannabidiol (CBD) is a substance generated from the cannabis plant that has medical use. CBD oil may be beneficial in alleviating some of the symptoms of menopause.

CBD is one of the cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, which contains more than 100 different cannabinoids. Unlike tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is a more well-known cannabinoid, CBD does not generate a euphoric high like THC.

CBD is psychoactive, which means that it can have an effect on a person’s mood, but it is non-toxic and non-impairing.

Menopause, like any other natural transition, can bring about unpleasant side effects such as hot flashes, sleep problems, and mood swings, among other things. Several herbal and natural therapies for these symptoms have been investigated, with varying degrees of success reported by the researchers.

Recently, there has been considerable interest in the potential advantages of cannabidiol (CBD), and some study suggests that it may be able to alleviate specific symptoms associated with menopause.

However, this application of CBD has not been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Since its approval in June 2018, the only approved uses have been for the prevention and treatment of two uncommon kinds of epilepsy.

In spite of the fact that CBD has become a popular alternative medicine and that some women may find it useful for menopause symptoms, there is presently no scientific evidence to support this use.

Is Cannabidiol (CBD) legal? CBD products derived from hemp that contain less than 0.3 percent THC are allowed under federal law, but they are still banned under several state regulations. CBD-derived products manufactured from cannabis, on the other hand, are prohibited under federal law but allowed under some state regulations. When travelling, especially in foreign countries, always sure to check local legislation. It’s also important to remember that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved nonprescription CBD products, which may be labelled incorrectly.

CBD oil and menopause

CBD oil and menopause
Image credit: ronstik/Getty Images

The endocannabinoid system, also known as the cannabinoid receptor system, is a collection of cell receptors found in the brain, other organs, and tissues throughout the body.

This system plays a significant role in the process of menopause, and cannabis and CBD have an effect on how well it functions. It is possible that cannabis and CBD could have an impact on the consequences of menopause on the body, according to this notion.

Cannabinoid receptors are engaged in the following processes:

  • mood regulation
  • the functioning of the immune system
  • pain
  • sleep
  • memory
  • fertility and reproduction
  • temperature regulation

It has been hypothesised that a poorly functioning endocannabinoid system can result in a variety of health problems. Chemicals such as CBD, which influence the activity of the endocannabinoid system, may be useful in the treatment of certain disorders.

There are cannabinoid receptors throughout the female reproductive system, and menopause appears to cause a disruption in the endocannabinoid system, according to research. In light of these considerations, it is likely that CBD oil could help to relieve some of the symptoms of menopause.

Which menopause symptoms may it treat?

There have been no research conducted specifically on the effects of CBD on women going through menopause. This means that researchers are unsure whether it works or whether it is a safe alternative.

Many research, on the other hand, have looked at the impact of CBD on specific symptoms in various other populations.

For example, according to a 2020 review, CBD may be beneficial in the treatment of chronic pain, the improvement of sleep, and the reduction of inflammation. These impacts, on the other hand, were identified in people who had specific health conditions, not in women going through menopause.

There is no evidence that CBD oil helps alleviate all of the symptoms of menopause, although it may be beneficial for the following:

Mood changes

The risk of sadness and anxiety increases around the time of menopause, and this may be attributed to hormonal fluctuations, other menopause symptoms, or a combination of the two.

Animal studies, including a 2014 review of relevant research in mice, have discovered that CBD can help to alleviate the symptoms of sadness and anxiety.

The authors of a 2020 review point out that there has only been extremely limited linked study in people, which they believe is a cause for concern.

A small number of case studies have been conducted in which individual persons with a history of depression have reported improvements after using CBD, according to the researchers.

It is also included in the material that is included on the package of an FDA-approved CBD product called Epidiolex, which mentions depression and suicidal ideation as potential adverse effects.

Sleep disturbances

It is common for women going through menopause to have difficulties getting quality sleep, and this can have a substantial influence on their everyday lives.

According to the 2020 review described above, endocannabinoids play a role in the regulation of the sleep-wake cycle and other bodily functions. This shows that CBD may have an impact on sleep.

The researchers draw attention to the fact that there have only been a few, restricted human investigations on CBD and sleep. In conclusion, greater doses of CBD appear to cause sedative effects in certain people.

So it’s possible that CBD oil can aid with sleep difficulties associated with menopause – but there isn’t any conclusive data to support this claim.

Bone density loss

Following menopause, people begin to experience bone mass loss. Osteoporosis affects one in every four females over the age of 65.

Because low bone density can increase the risk of fractures, it is critical to get treatment as soon as possible.

According to the findings of a 2008 animal study, CBD interacts with a cannabinoid receptor that may be involved in bone density reduction in humans. Because of this, CBD may be able to slow the rate of bone density loss that might occur during menopause, which is beneficial.

However, this has not been proved in humans – no research has shown that CBD can help to reduce bone density loss associated with menopause or other conditions.

Legality

According to the 2018 Farm Bill, hemp and hemp-derived products with a THC concentration of less than 0.3 percent are allowed to possess and use.

The legal status of CBD and other cannabinoids, on the other hand, differs from state to state. If a person in the United States is considering using CBD, they may find out more about the legislation in their area here.

Safety and potential dangers

CBD is generally well tolerated by most people, while it might induce adverse effects such as diarrhoea, nausea, and drowsiness in some individuals.

When CBD is combined with certain drugs and supplements, particularly those that interact with grapefruit, it can have harmful consequences.

Furthermore, it has the potential to interfere with the way the body metabolises or breaks down drugs.

CBD products are available for purchase over-the-counter. These goods, on the other hand, have not been approved by the FDA and are not regulated by the FDA in the same manner that pharmaceuticals are.

As a result, it is impossible to determine whether or not the product is safe to use. Many over-the-counter products that are not governed by this form of regulation do not include the components that are listed on the labels of the items.

Other strategies and treatments

According to the Office of Women’s Health, remaining active, maintaining good sleep hygiene, and finding strategies to minimise stress can all assist to alleviate the symptoms of menopause.

Meanwhile, hormone replacement therapy can especially assist in the relief of symptoms such as hot flashes, vaginal dryness, and mood swings that may occur.

Anyone who is feeling sadness or anxiety may find it beneficial to consult with a doctor or a mental health expert for assistance.

Many women seek relief from menopause symptoms through natural therapies, which include:

  • black cohosh
  • red clover
  • soy

However, while some women report that these cures provide relief, they are not FDA-approved menopausal medications, and research into their efficacy has yielded conflicting results.

Conclusion

At this time, there is very little credible evidence that CBD oil can be used to alleviate the symptoms of menopausal discomfort.

In the early stages of research, scientists are only beginning to grasp how the endocannabinoid system functions and the roles that it may play in a variety of health-related conditions.

More research will be required to test the theories about the effect of CBD in the menopause. Until then, doctors will not know whether CBD oil has any beneficial effects on women going through the menopause.

Sources

  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7204604/
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  • https://www.womenshealth.gov/menopause
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7331870/
  • https://www.womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/osteoporosis
  • https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1300/J175v02n03_02
  • http://www.ncsl.org/research/health/state-medical-marijuana-laws.aspx

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What are the effects of surgical menopause?

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Menopause is a transitional phase, during which pregnancy is no longer possible. Typically, the process starts when a person hits their 40s, but in certain cases, it can happen sooner.

Early menopause can result from certain procedures, medical treatments, and health conditions.

For instance, undergoing surgery to remove one or both of the ovaries can cause estrogen and progesterone hormone levels to dip. Trying to remove both ovaries will stimulate surgical menopause.

Find out more about surgical menopause in this post, including what to expect and some lifestyle remedies.

Surgery and menopause

Surgeons
Some people may experience early menopause after undergoing certain types of surgery.

Female reproductive organs may be damaged by various forms of surgery. The removal of the uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, and either or both ovaries requires these operations.

After undergoing bilateral oophorectomy, surgical menopause may occur. This is a procedure in which both ovaries are separated by a surgeon. Depending on the reason for the operation, they may also remove the uterus, the fallopian tubes, the cervix, or a combination of these.

This is also a hysterectomy, when a surgeon removes the uterus.

If both ovaries are removed by the surgeon, menopause will commence immediately after the procedure. If the uterus, fallopian tubes, or both are removed but one or both ovaries are left intact, menopause will likely begin within 5 years.

The symptoms of surgical menopause may be similar, but may be more acute, to those of natural menopause. This is because, rather than over many years, the hormonal shifts can occur unexpectedly. As soon as the procedure is finished, the modifications will usually start.

Causes or reasons for surgery

There are many reasons for choosing to have surgery. For example, to address endometriosis or to prevent cancer, a person may seek treatment. As a part of sex reassignment surgery, some may opt for surgery.

Certain medical reasons for getting an oophorectomy include:

  • easing endometriosis
  • treating benign or cancerous tumors or cysts
  • easing ovarian torsion, in which an ovary becomes twisted
  • preventing ovarian cancer in those at high risk

People with a personal family history of breast cancer, ovarian cancer, or both can be checked to see whether they have a genetic function that raises their cancer risk, such as variations in the genes BRCA1 and BRCA2.

The person will decide to have surgery to decrease their risk of cancer in the future if these characteristics are present.

Research shows that the risk of developing ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal cancer later in life may be substantially decreased through surgery.

Anyone who is contemplating ovarian surgery for any cause should discuss with their healthcare provider the benefits and risks.

Medical menopause
Sometimes the symptoms of menopause may cause such medical treatments. Doctors call this “medical menopause.” Depending on the intervention, the effect can be temporary or permanent.

For example, chemotherapy for breast cancer can cause a temporary menstrual pause and the symptoms of menopause. Within weeks or months of starting the procedure, this will begin.

In certain cases, within a year of the completion of the procedure, menstruation will return. This is not the case for everyone, however.

25-50 percent of 30-year-olds who undergo this form of treatment will start menstruating again, according to some data. Research also indicates that a person may undergo menopause sooner than they would have if they hadn’t had the procedure, even if menstruation returns.

Here, learn more about menopause.

What to expect

Over a period of years, normal menopause occurs, but surgical menopause happens unexpectedly. The abruptness of the transition may mean that the effect of surgical menopause is slightly different from that of natural menopause, although everyone experiences menopause differently.

Menopause occurs when estrogen and progesterone levels dip. This change can lead to different effects, including:

  • hot flashes and night sweats
  • vaginal dryness
  • changes in libido
  • difficulty sleeping
  • mood changes
  • problems with thinking, focusing, and memory

Depending on the nature of the operation, these effects can start to occur within hours or days of the surgery.

Complications

Similar to puberty, menopause is a natural process that the body goes through. Some of the changes that occur with natural menopause may not be due to menopause but to the aging process. Around midlife, normal menopause typically occurs. People are likely to undergo other physical changes at this age as well.

Hormonal changes occurring with either natural or surgical menopause, however can cause or increase the risk of certain complications irrespective of the age at which menopause begins.

Osteoporosis and heart disease are among these complications, as estrogen plays a central role in both.

Estrogen helps sustain healthy bones, for instance. Bone density will decline as estrogen levels dip, and the bones can become weaker and more likely to break, potentially giving rise to osteoporosis.

Estrogen also plays a part in cardiovascular health and may have a greater risk of stroke, heart attack, and other cardiovascular problems for women who have experienced menopause.

That said, there could be a lower risk of some of these complications for people who eat a varied diet and get regular exercise.

Fertility changes

It will no longer be necessary to become pregnant after the removal of both ovaries, and menopause will follow. People who still want to have children after treatment should speak to their doctor or a specialist counselor about the choices.

If a person undergoes medical menopause and there is a risk that they may restart menstruation, they may want to consider preserving some eggs to increase their chance of having a healthy pregnancy later in life, such as by freezing them.

Discussing these risks with a healthcare provider will help a person make an informed choice.

Treatment

To decrease the impact of menopause, a doctor might prescribe hormone therapy after surgery.

Hormone therapy is not suitable for everyone. For instance, people with a high risk of stroke might not be capable of using it.

Other forms of therapy can also help people control the symptoms, including low mood, anxiety, hot flashes, and issues with sleep.

Learn more about hormone therapy here.

Lifestyle remedies

Trying some lifestyle treatments may help minimize the effect of menopause surgery. Such remedies include:

  • Avoiding the triggers of hot flashes: Alcohol, caffeine, spicy foods, stress, and warm temperatures can all trigger hot flashes.
  • Keeping cooling items to hand: It may help to keep a portable fan and a bottle of ice water nearby.
  • Using a lubricant during sex: This can help make sex more comfortable and enjoyable.
  • Keeping the bedroom cool and quiet: This can help make sleeping easier. Other tips include avoiding large meals and fluids before bedtime, following a regular routine for going to bed and getting up, and leaving mobile devices outside of the bedroom, if possible. Also, a person may wish to keep a fan near their bed.
  • Taking steps to relieve stress: Some tips to relieve stress include getting enough sleep, exercising, taking walks in nature, meditating, and practicing yoga.
  • Seeking help when needed: A doctor, counselor, or other healthcare provider can offer support and treatment if a person has any physical or mental health concerns.
  • Joining a support group: A person can ask their healthcare provider about local support groups for people with menopause or surgical menopause. In many cases, friends or family will also be willing to help.

Outlook

The hormonal changes that define menopause can influence the mental and physical health and well-being of an individual. Surgical menopause allows these effects to occur immediately, while they can develop progressively over time during natural menopause.

Before going ahead, someone who is considering preventive surgery should explore the benefits and disadvantages with a healthcare professional.

They should seek medical attention if a person experiences serious or worsening menopause symptoms after surgery. Usually, a doctor may recommend ways to better mitigate these symptoms.

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