What to know about Klebsiella pneumoniae

Klebsiella pneumoniae is a type of bacteria that can infect a range of people. Such occur typically in hospital settings.

People got K. The digestive tract pneumoniae. This can cause a variety of infections when the bacteria spread to other parts of the body including:

  • urinary tract infections
  • skin and wound infections
  • liver abscesses
  • pneumonia
  • blood infections
  • meningitis

Keep on reading to learn more about K’s causes, signs and treatments. Infections pneumoniae.

Causes

Klebsiella pneumoniae may cause infections such as pneumonia, meningitis, and liver abscess.
Klebsiella pneumoniae may cause infections such as pneumonia, meningitis, and liver abscess.

There are many different kinds of K. Bacteria pneumoniae. Some have capsules which surround their cells, while others do not.

Researchers have identified 77 types of capsules currently in use. Without capsules klebsiella bacteria are less infectious than capsules.

The main carriers of K are humans. Environmentally pneumoniae but most people do not develop an infection. People with weakened immune systems are at a higher risk because of medication or medical conditions.

Some populations have more of this type of bacteria, including individuals of Chinese origin and people with alcohol use disorder, researchers report.

The disease is more likely to cause other illnesses in some populations. K. For example, pneumoniae is the most common cause of hospital pneumonia in the United States.

Meanwhile Klebsiella rarely causes meningitis in western regions. Yet in Taiwan, K. Pneumoniae infection is a leading cause, responsible for 25–40 percent of adult cases of bacterial meningitis.

Certain people come up with K. Lip-abscess pneumoniae meningitis. The abscess bacteria will migrate from the liver to the central nervous system.

Alternatively, K can be conveyed by catheters and devices in medical procedures. Pneumoniae, bloodstream and wounds in the urinary tract.

Symptoms

Diverse forms of K infection. Pneumoniae can cause various symptoms which may be similar to those of other bacterial infections.

If a doctor finds that after initial treatment, a bacterial infection persists, they can order tests to identify the specific bacteria responsible for it. The tests help them choose the antibiotic treatment that best suits them.

Anyone who thinks they have an infection with the urinary tract, pneumonia, meningitis, or cellulitis— all of which may be attributed to K. Pneumoniae— Consult your doctor immediately.

The following table lists common symptoms of those conditions.

conditions.

PneumoniaMeningitisCellulitisUrinary tract infection
cough

fever

chest pain

shortness of breath
fever

neck stiffness or pain

sensitivity to light

headaches

dizziness

confusion

delirium

irritability

nausea

vomiting
skin redness

skin warmth

skin swelling

skin tenderness

fatigue

fever
painful urination

frequent urination

pain beneath the pubic bone

blood in the urine

Treatment

Drs are handling K. Pneumoniae Antibiotic Infections. When a hospital-associated infection occurs, doctors use a class of antibiotics called carbapenems until the sensitivity test results are available.

If a doctor suspects that the bacteria have developed antibiotic resistance, before selecting the most effective option, they may order tests to determine how sensitive the bacteria are to specific antibiotics.

Doctors may find treating K challenging. Pneumoniae infections, since antibiotics are becoming increasingly less effective. For starters, most recently some K. The pneumoniae have developed carbapenem resistance.

A doctor can prescribe antibiotics in combination. One study found lower mortality rates in humans with K-bacteremia. Pneumoniae that was given a combination of colistin, meropenem and tigecycline antibiotics.

When pneumonia develops from K. Pneumoniae, doctors typically recommend third- or fourth-generation cephalosporin, fluoroquinolone, or one of these antibiotics in combination with aminoglycoside for 2 weeks.

People allergic to penicillin require an aztreonam course, or a quinolone course.

Diagnosis

Doctors typically diagnose infections with Klebsiella by examining either a sample of infected tissue or a sample of:

  • sputum
  • urine
  • blood

Sometimes doctors order medical imaging tests, including:

  • ultrasounds
  • X-rays
  • CT scans

Once the doctor confirms the diagnosis, susceptibility tests may be performed to assess which antibiotic to treat the infection more effectively.

When to see a doctor

Anyone who thinks he has a K. Pneumoniae should seek immediate medical attention.

If any infection occurs following home care or an initial course of antibiotics, medical attention should be sought. The doctor can order further tests to check the bacteria’s susceptibility to antibiotics.

Is it contagious?

K. Pneumoniae is infectious. A individual has to contact the bacteria that don’t spread through the air.

K. At hospitals Pneumoniae can spread via person contact. Persons may also come into contact with the bacteria by exposure to the water, though this occurs less often.

An individual can come into contact with bacteria of this kind by following:

  • ventilators, or breathing machines
  • intravenous catheters
  • urinary catheters
  • open wounds

Healthy members of the family who are with K. Infections with pneumoniae have low risk of developing infection.

It is however important to take any hygiene precaution. Hand hygiene remains the most effective protection against K. Infection pneumoniae.

Prognosis

When physicians locate K. Quickly pneumoniae in the samples and promptly administer the correct antibiotics, the prognosis improves. Delays in diagnosis and testing are normal, however, and this could lead to a less favorable prognosis.

The prognosis for K-pneumonia sufferers. Pneumoniae is generally poor. Even if doctors choose the appropriate antibiotic therapy, death rates are between 30% and 50%.

People with other illnesses like diabetes, older adults, and people with compromised immune systems have the highest mortality risks.

The infection can impede long-term lung function in people with pneumonia from these bacteria, possibly for months.

Summary

K. pneumoniae typically infections develop in hospital settings. The highest risk is of people with weakened immune systems and chronic conditions.

K. Pneumoniae have established resistance to many antibiotics and doctors may find treating K. pneumoniae difficult. Infections pneumoniae. Testing the bacteria’s sensitivity in blood or tissue samples can however help them identify the most effective treatment course.

People on K. pneumoniae Infections can transmit the bacteria to others. The best way to prevent K. pneumoniae is to take every hygiene precaution, especially the hand washing. Pneumoniae with spreading infections.

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