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Atopic Dermatitis / Eczema

Best natural remedies for eczema

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Home remedies and herbal therapies will soothe the dry skin that comes with eczema, with scratching.

People may use creams, natural products and changes in diet and lifestyle to relieve or avoid eczema flares, especially in winter when symptoms appear to be at their worst.

Natural substances such as aloe vera gel and coconut oil can cause dry, broken skin to moisturise. In addition, they can combat inflammation and harmful bacteria to reduce swelling and prevent infection.

Natural remedies are unable to cure eczema but they can help manage the symptoms and prevent flares. This article looks into the best natural eczema remedies.

Aloe vera gel

Aloe vera gel
A person can use aloe vera gel directly from the plant.

The aloe vera gel is made from the plant’s seeds. For decades, people used aloe vera gel to treat a wide variety of ailments. One common usage is eczema calming.

A 2015 systematic review looked into aloe vera’s effects on human health. The researchers reported that the gel has the following characteristics:

  • antibacterial
  • antimicrobial
  • immune system-boosting
  • wound-healing

The antibacterial and antimicrobial effects will prevent infections of the skin that are more likely to occur when a person has raw, cracked peel. The healing properties of Aloe’s wound can soothe broken skin and promote healing.

How to use it

Select aloe gel products with few ingredients— others may contain preservatives, alcohol, fragrances and colors that may all irritate sensitive skin. Alcohol and other ingredients from the drying process can make eczema worse.

To test for skin sensitivity start with a small amount of gel. The aloe vera can sometimes cause burning or stinging. Nevertheless, it’s generally safe and effective for both adults and children.

Apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar for many conditions, including skin disorders, is a common home remedy.

The National Association for Eczema (NEA) states that apple cider vinegar will help with the disease. I also recommend caution, however, as the acids of the vinegar may damage soft tissue.

No study has confirmed apple cider vinegar reduces the symptoms of eczema, but there are several explanations why it might help:

Balancing the skin’s acidity levels

Vinegar is highly acidic. Of course the skin is acidic, but people with eczema may have less acidic skin than others. This can weaken the defenses in the skin.

Applying diluted apple cider vinegar may help balance the levels of acidity in the skin, but if not diluted, vinegar can cause burns.

Conversely, there are many alkaline soaps, detergents, and cleansers. They can interfere with the skin’s acidity which can make the skin susceptible to injury. This may explain why washing with certain soaps may cause flares of eczema.

Fighting bacteria

Apple cider vinegar has been shown to be capable of fighting bacteria, including Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Using apple cider vinegar on the skin can help prevent infection of broken skin.

How to use it

Dilute apple cider vinegar indefinitely before adding it to the skin. Undiluted vinegar can be responsible for chemical burns or other injuries.

The vinegar can be used by people in wet wraps or baths, and is sold at most supermarkets and health stores.

Apple cider vinegar should be used in a wet wrap:

  • Mix 1 cup of warm water and 1 tablespoon of the vinegar.
  • Apply the solution to cotton or gauze.
  • Cover the dressing in clean cotton fabric.
  • Leave it on the area for 3 hours.

To try an apple cider vinegar bath soak:

  • Add 2 cups of apple cider vinegar to a warm bath.
  • Soak for 15–20 minutes.
  • Rinse the body thoroughly.
  • Moisturize within several minutes of leaving the bath.

Bleach in the bath

Although it may sound dangerous, research suggests that bleach in the bath may improve symptoms of eczema because of its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects.

Bleach on the skin surface can kill the bacteria like S. Aureus which causes infections with staphs. This may restore the surface of the skin microbiome.

A 2015 study suggests that bleach baths may minimize the need for topical corticosteroid or antibiotic treatments. Other research, however, found no benefits from bleach baths as compared with normal baths.

How to use it

Using regular-strength (6 per cent) pure bleach to create a bleach bath for eczema and try the following :

  • Add half a cup of bleach to a full bathtub of water or 1 teaspoon of bleach per gallon of water.
  • Pour in the bleach while the bath is filling.
  • Soak for 5–10 minutes.
  • Rinse the body thoroughly with warm water.
  • Gently pat the skin dry.

Using lukewarm water to avoid drying out of the skin, and moisturize immediately following drying.

If a person experiences some pain, irritation or redness, the use of bleach in the bath will stop. People with asthma or breathing problems, due to the strong fumes, should refrain from taking bleach baths.

Colloidal oatmeal

Colloidal oatmeal, also known as Avena sativa, is produced from ground and boiled oats to recover the properties of their skin healing.

A 2015 study reported that the lotion of colloidal oatmeal had antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, leading to improvement of:

  • skin dryness
  • scaling
  • roughness
  • itch intensity

According to the results of a randomized controlled trial, a colloidal oatmeal moisturizer worked better than a control.

How to use it

In a warm bath, apply powdered colloidal oatmeal and soak.

Choose a colloidal oatmeal product that only has oats and avoid those with fragrances or additives.

Colloidal oatmeal is usually safe for all ages but it should be avoided for people who are allergic to oats. Individuals with gluten allergies should be vigilant, as oats are often mixed with wheat.

Baths

Bathing is an important part of treatment for eczema. When a person has a skin condition like eczema, the skin needs extra moisture because the outer layer doesn’t work as it should.

Washing can often dry out the skin for some, and make eczema worse. This can happen if:

  • using water that is too hot or cold
  • using the wrong soap
  • not moisturizing afterward

Avoid bathing too frequently. Most babies and children need bathing once or twice a week.

NEA recommend that adults:

  • bathe or shower at least once a day
  • use lukewarm water
  • limit bathing to 10–15 minutes
  • avoid scrubbing the skin
  • use gentle cleansers instead of soaps
  • try different types of medicinal baths, such as those with baking soda, vinegar, or oatmeal

A long, hot shower will draw moisture and natural oils from the skin. Take shorter showers and keep the water at warm temperatures, not hot ones.

Be moisturized within 3 minutes of getting out after bathing. Pat the skin gently dry with a towel and apply an oil-based moisturizer before the skin has dried out completely. This may help seal off the shower or bath in water before it evaporates.

Apply moisturizer after the hands have been washed and dried to help prevent eczema flares.

Coconut oil

Coconut oil contains healthy fatty acids that can bring moisture to the skin so that people with dry skin and eczema can benefit.

Virgin coconut oil can also protect the skin by helping fight inflammation and improving skin barrier protection.

A randomized clinical trial investigated the effects of application of virgin coconut oil in children to the skin. The results show that eight weeks of using the oil helped the eczema symptoms better than the mineral oil.

How to use it

Upon washing, add cold-pressed virgin coconut oil directly to the skin and until multiple times a day. Use it to keep the skin moisturized overnight, before bed.

Extra virgin coconut oil is usually solid at room temperature but a person’s body’s warmth converts it into liquid.

People who are allergic to coconuts should not use coconut oil.

Honey

Honey is a natural antibacterial and anti-inflammatory agent and it has been used by humans for centuries to heal wounds.

Conclusions of a study suggest that honey can help heal wounds and improve the activity of the immune system, suggesting it can help the body fend off infections.

Another review notes that honey is useful in the treatment of a variety of skin ailments, including burns and wounds, and has antibacterial potential.

Applied directly to eczema, though moisturizing the skin and speeding up healing, honey may help prevent infections.

How to use it

Try dabbing a little honey onto the area.

Tea tree oil

The manufacturers extract tea tree oil from the Melaleuca alternifolia tree leaves. This oil is often used by people to help with skin problems like eczema.

A study in 2013 discusses the oil’s anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and wound healing properties. It can help relieve dryness and itching of the skin, and help prevent infection.

How to use it

Also dilute essential oils onto the skin before using them. Try to mix tea tree oil with a carrier oil, like almond or olive oil, and then add the solution. Many products come in a diluted form of tea tree oil.

Dietary changes

Eczema is an inflammatory condition which causes the skin to become inflamed, red, and sore.

Many foods can increase or decrease inflammation in the body, and making a few main dietary changes may help reduce eczema flares.

Anti-inflammatory foods for example include:

  • fish
  • leafy greens
  • beans and lentils
  • colorful fruits
  • vegetables
  • turmeric and cinnamon

Inflammatory foods widely used include milk, eggs, soy and wheat. To help identify which foods may be problematic, try eliminating any of these from the diet and keep a food diary.

Gentle soaps and detergents

Many body washers and cleansers contain detergents that lead to a soapy lather. Detergents and other lathering agents, especially in people with eczema, can dry out the skin.

Owing to their alkalinity, bar soaps can be rough on the skin too.

Consider using a cleanser that’s gentle, no-lather, fragrance free. Avoid products with raw particles for scrubbing or exfoliating, as these can irritate the skin further.

Many people with eczema also find that switching to a laundry detergent that is more gentle, fragrant or color-free can help improve symptoms.

Try skipping fabric softener which lingers on clothes and often contains fragrances and chemicals which can cause irritation of the skin.

Avoid strong heat sources

Sitting next to a fireplace or near a furnace may feel good but it may make the symptoms of eczema worse. The hot, dry air will dehydrate the skin and make eczema more itchy.

During dry winter months use a humidifier and avoid getting too close to heaters and fireplaces.

Wrap up in cold weather

Hot, severe winter winds can dry skin and cause flares of eczema.

If temperatures are low, keep the skin warm. When eczema happens on the face, consider always covering the neck with a scarf.

Home remedies for eczema in babies and children

Many home remedies are suitable for children and babies but always speak to a doctor before using them on children of any age.

The following home remedies may help:

  • Avoid dressing a baby or child too warmly. Sweating can aggravate eczema or cause heat rash, which makes itching worse.
  • Use mittens to prevent infants from scratching their skin.
  • Apply a gentle moisturizer frequently to the affected areas, taking care not to get it in the eyes or nose.
  • Do not cover a baby’s face with a scarf. Infant car seat covers can help shield a baby from cold outside air. Check often to ensure that the baby is getting enough airflow.
  • Ask a doctor before trying apple cider vinegar or bleach in the bath of a baby or child.
  • Colloidal oatmeal baths are generally safe for children, but keep the bath water out of their eyes.
  • Avoid bathing them too frequently. Most babies and children only need bathing once or twice a week unless they are visibly soiled. Bathing less frequently may help prevent dry skin.
  • Use fragrance- and alcohol-free baby wipes. Many wipes contain irritating ingredients. Look for those without fragrance or alcohol and those that contain soothing ingredients, such as aloe vera. “Sensitive skin” wipes may be useful.
  • Use baby shampoos intended for children with eczema. Many eczema washes can sting the eyes, so look for eczema washes that are “tear-free” and carefully avoid the child’s eyes.

Outlook

There is no cure for eczema, but with home remedies, including natural gels and oils, medicated baths, and dietary changes, people can often manage their symptoms.

If eczema is serious or doesn’t respond to treatments at home, seeing a doctor could be a good idea. If a child or newborn develops a new rash, do so right away.

To treat the inflammation a doctor can prescribe steroid creams or other prescription medicines.

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Atopic Dermatitis / Eczema

Varicose eczema: All you should know

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Stasis dermatitis, often known as varicose eczema, is a kind of eczema that affects people who have varicose veins. It occurs as a result of inadequate circulation. It commonly affects the lower legs, with sores developing as a result.

Other names for the same condition include gravitational dermatitis and venous eczema.

Adults are more likely to experience it, especially if they are overweight. According to studies, it affects 20% of people over the age of 70.

Symptoms

Poor circulation causes a skin condition called statis dermatitis.
Poor circulation causes a skin condition called statis dermatitis.

When blood flow in the lower legs is impaired, the valves in the veins weaken, allowing blood to leak into body tissues, stasis dermatitis develops.

This is known as venous insufficiency, and it can lead to the development of stasis dermatitis symptoms.

Initially, the symptoms will be felt in the ankles. There might be:

  • Swelling that appears toward the end of the day and lessens after sleeping overnight
  • Varicose veins covered with dry, itchy, or irritated skin
  • Red, swollen, and painful skin, which may be weeping and crusty
  • Heavy or aching legs when standing for a prolonged period

Other symptoms develop when the disorders go upward to the calf of the leg.

These include:

  • Purple or red sores, or venous ulcers, on the lower legs and the tops of the feet
  • Skin that is dry, cracked, shiny, and itchy

Sores that leak and crust become scaly on the skin. Bacterial infection and skin color changes are possible. Scabs and scars emerge when the wounds heal.

Eczema can affect other parts of the body in certain people.

If left untreated, the condition might deteriorate over time.

This can result in:

  • Deeply pigmented skin
  • Red and scaly skin in the affected area
  • Intense itching in the skin
  • Hard areas of thickened, fibrotic skin
  • Shrinking of the lower part of the leg

The situation may then get much more complicated.

Bacterial infection can infiltrate the skin through the gaps and poor skin condition. Cellulitis can develop in the leg and spread throughout it. Cellulitis is an illness that affects the deeper tissues of the body.

The combination of the effects of stasis dermatitis on the skin and the usage of various drugs can make it exceedingly sensitive and painful to touch. Contact dermatitis is the medical term for this condition.

Risk factors and causes

varicose veins
Varicose eczema is more common in people who have varicose veins.

Blood can be pushed upward toward the heart through valves in the legs. These valves fail as people age, allowing blood to flow out and pool in the lower leg, resulting in swelling and a condition known as venous insufficiency.

Blood leakage and cell death can result from these circulation issues, which can contribute to stasis dermatitis.

Those who have, or have had, the following conditions are at a higher risk:

The following are some lifestyle aspects to consider:

  • Excess body fat
  • A lack of exercise
  • Standing or sitting for a long time, for example, at work

People who are overweight or obese, as well as women who have had many pregnancies, are at a higher risk. The veins in the legs are strained even more as a result of extra weight during pregnancy.

Diagnosis

A physical examination will be performed by the doctor. The condition will be indicated by obvious signs and symptoms. They’ll inquire about the patient’s past medical history, including blood clots, surgery, heart disease, and previous damage to the afflicted area.

Tests may be performed to determine the cause of poor circulation.

These may include the following:

  • Heart function tests
  • Ultrasound to detect any blood flow problems
  • Blood tests

Because a person with stasis dermatitis is more likely to develop a skin allergy, allergy testing may be performed.

Treatment

Treatment will focus on relieving the symptoms.

  • Swelling can be reduced and circulation improved by compression stockings or dressings. The patient’s legs should likewise be lifted above the level of their heart.
  • Raising the legs can be beneficial. The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) recommends that patients elevate their legs for 15 minutes every 2 hours and sleep with them propped up on a pillow.
  • To minimize inflammation, including redness, swelling, and discomfort, a corticosteroid or a topic calcineurin inhibitor (TCI) may be administered.
  • Special dressings may be required for ulcers or weeping sores. The dressing must be changed every 2 to 3 days at first, but after that, once or twice a week will enough.
  • Cellulitis, erosions and ulcers, and other forms of infection will necessitate the use of antibiotics. A skin graft may be required for a big ulcer.
  • Itching can be relieved with antihistamines.
  • Moisturizers and emollients can aid in the prevention of dry skin. The ADD suggests using petroleum jelly or a thick lotion that says “fragrance free” on the label. Options might be discussed with a doctor, dermatologist, or pharmacist.
  • Varicose veins, which cause pain, irritation, and ulcers, can be removed by surgery.

If your skin gets discolored, a dermatologist can help you find ways to lighten it.

Management and prevention

sitting for long
Long durations of sitting or standing increase the risk.

The majority of people who have stasis dermatitis will have it for the remainder of their lives.

The following steps are included in the treatment of the condition:

  • Using medication for skin care and when symptoms flare up
  • Keeping the legs raised when possible
  • Using compression stockings

Stasis dermatitis may be avoided by taking care of the legs.

Among the measures are:

  • Avoiding bath products and soaps that dry the skin
  • Using emollients or moisturizers to keep the skin supple
  • Not standing or sitting for prolonged periods

Stasis dermatitis and a variety of other illnesses can be avoided by leading a healthy lifestyle that includes exercise and a well-balanced diet.

Sources:

  • https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/eczema/stasis-dermatitis#overview
  • https://www.aad.org/pblic/diseases/eczema/stasis-dermatitis
  • https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/eczema/stasis-dermatitis#symptoms
  • https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/eczema/stasis-dermatitis#treatment
  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/182793
  • http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Eczema-(varicose)-/Pages/Introduction.aspx
  • http://www.eczema.org/varicose-eczema
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19421082?dopt=Abstract

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Atopic Dermatitis / Eczema

Does Dead Sea salt help with eczema?

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For ages, people have bathed in the Dead Sea for medicinal purposes. People may now buy Dead Sea salt and utilize it at home. According to a few studies, this may help with eczema.

A prior study from 2011 revealed that a topical lotion mixed with Dead Sea minerals enhanced the skin barrier function in 86 children with eczema. However, there is currently no larger-scale research available.

People who want to try Dead Sea salt for eczema can buy the salts to dissolve in baths or use topical treatments containing the minerals.

Continue reading to find more about how and why Dead Sea salt could help with eczema, whether there are any hazards, and how to use it.

What is dead sea salt, and how does it work?

Dead Sea salt
Avichai Morag/Getty Images

The Dead Sea is the lowest point on the planet and the world’s saltiest body of water. It has a long history of being thought to have medicinal powers.

Scientists are still attempting to figure out if and how it helps with certain ailments.

The Dead Sea water contains a variety of minerals, including:

Salt may be made by evaporating water from the Dead Sea, which includes these minerals. These salts are subsequently used in goods like bath salts, body lotions, and soaps by some corporations. Dead Sea mud is used in other goods.

Is Dead Sea salt good for eczema?

There hasn’t been much research on whether Dead Sea salt can help with eczema. Two studies, however, suggest that it may be advantageous.

Dead Sea salt bathing

A 2005 scientific experiment looked at the effects of swimming in Dead Sea water containing magnesium chloride on people with atopic dermatitis, a kind of eczema.

For 15 minutes, research participants dipped one forearm in a water solution containing 5% Dead Sea salts. They dipped the second arm in the sink.

The researchers evaluated their skin quality at the start of the trial and once a week for the next six weeks. They found that individuals who soaked their skin in Dead Sea salts had greater skin hydration and less symptoms of roughness and irritation at the conclusion of the trial.

Dead Sea salt cream

An prior clinical experiment from 2011 looked at the benefits of a Dead Sea mineral-enriched lotion on children with mild to moderate atopic dermatitis.

The participants were divided into three groups for the study. For 12 weeks, all groups applied a cream to their entire bodies twice daily, in the morning and evening. Each group, however, utilized a cream that included different ingredients:

  • One cream was a simple emollient moisturizer with no ingredients from the Dead Sea.
  • One cream contained Dead Sea water.
  • One cream contained Dead Sea mud.

The group that used the Dead Sea water cream had the greatest outcomes of all the groups. Over the course of the 12 weeks, this cream had the most favorable impact on the skin barrier. Improvements were seen in the other groups as well, but they were not as significant.

How might Dead Sea salt help with eczema?

The possible advantages of Dead Sea salt for eczema are thought to be owing to its mineral content, according to researchers.

The authors of the 2005 research hypothesize that the therapeutic impact of Dead Sea salt was due to magnesium, which may assist bind water to the skin and aid in skin restoration.

According to a 2020 research, the high magnesium content of Dead Sea salt contributes to its therapeutic characteristics. Magnesium, according to the authors, can:

  • promote skin barrier integrity
  • reduce inflammation
  • boost water retention in the skin

Zinc, which is used in numerous skin healing treatments due to its propensity to aid wound healing, is also found in Dead Sea salt.

Is there a danger in utilizing Dead Sea salt?

The subjects in the 2005 and 2011 investigations tolerated the Dead Sea minerals well. This component by itself is unlikely to cause negative effects in otherwise healthy people. There are, nevertheless, certain possible dangers.

Balneotherapy is the practice of bathing in mineral water. In general, this is a safe procedure with little adverse effects. These can include the following:

  • exfoliative dermatitis, which refers to the shedding of the top skin layer
  • infections
  • low blood pressure and fainting with prolonged immersion
  • skin irritation
  • itching

If a person uses Dead Sea salts at home, however, negative effects are less likely to occur since they may control how concentrated and hot the water is. Water that is extremely salty or extremely hot can be drying.

The Dead Sea has a high concentration of salt, around 34 percent. The 2005 research, on the other hand, only utilized a 5% concentration and still found a favorable impact.

Balneotherapy should not be used by some people. This comprises people with the following conditions:

  • severe anemia
  • an impaired sense of balance
  • drug or alcohol intoxication
  • a recent stroke or heart attack
  • open wounds
  • skin infections
  • acute arthritis or other acute inflammatory conditions
  • a current atopic dermatitis flare-up
  • weeping lesions
  • blisters or ulcers
  • pustular or erythrodermic psoriasis
  • epilepsy
  • cardiovascular disease
  • severe high or low blood pressure

Before adopting any home remedies for eczema, people should always see a doctor, since they are not good for everyone.

Best way to use Dead Sea salt for eczema

If your doctor thinks it’s okay, there are numerous methods to sample Dead Sea salt. People can take a bath with the salt or use topical items containing Dead Sea salt, water, or mud.

To use the salt in a bath, follow these instructions:

  1. Run a bath of warm, but not hot, water. For balneotherapy, the water temperature is usually in the range of 86–104°F (30–40°C).
  2. Add 1 cup of Dead Sea salts to the water and allow them to dissolve.
  3. Get into the bath and stay in the water for a short time. The National Eczema Association recommends that people with eczema limit baths to 5–10 minutes.
  4. After leaving the bath, pat the skin dry with a clean towel. Try not to rub or scratch the eczema.
  5. Gently apply an emollient to the skin immediately afterward.

If a person just has eczema on one part of their body, such as their feet or hands, Dead Sea salts can be used in a mini bath that specifically treats those regions. However, the salt should not be used as a scrub since it might irritate eczema-affected skin.

Another alternative is to use fragrance-free Dead Sea mineral creams or lotions on the skin. This should be done after washing to ensure that the cream remains on the skin as long as feasible.

Other natural solutions

There are several additional natural therapies that may assist with eczema in addition to Dead Sea salts. These are some of them:

  • Colloidal oatmeal: Colloidal oatmeal can be added to bathwater to help reduce itching. Alternatively, you may form a paste and use it as a therapy on your skin before washing it off.
  • Vinegar: Vinegar straight from the bottle is far too abrasive for skin application. Vinegar, when diluted in a safe amount of water, can assist in the killing of germs. To a full bath, people can add 1 cup to 1 pint (236–568 milliliters).
  • Coconut oil: According to research, coconut oil decreases the number of Staphylococcus germs on the skin, lowering the risk of eczema infection. Apply virgin or cold-pressed coconut oil to wet skin once or twice a day to attempt this cure.

Conclusion

According to a few studies, Dead Sea salt may help enhance the skin barrier’s function and minimize the obvious indications of eczema. Minerals like magnesium and zinc may have a role in the benefits. More current and large-scale research, however, are required to prove this.

There is now no proof that it performs better than medical therapies, although it may be a valuable complement to people’s eczema treatment regimens.

Despite the fact that Dead Sea salt is typically safe, it may not be suitable for everyone. Before using, a person should consult with a doctor.

Sources:

  • https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1757-899X/305/1/012003/pdf
  • https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/treatment/
  • https://www.scirp.org/html/5-1050021_7247.htm
  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/dead-sea-salt-for-eczema
  • https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15689218/
  • https://dermnetnz.org/topics/balneotherapy
  • https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/84955/saltiest-pond-on-earth

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Allergy

Is eczema considered an autoimmune disease?

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Eczema is a blanket word that refers to a variety of inflammatory skin disorders, often known as dermatitis. Several kinds of dermatitis are caused by an immune system response, and some evidence shows that autoimmunity may play a role.

An autoimmune disease occurs when the immune system attacks the body’s healthy tissues by mistake. This is often distinct from other forms of immune responses, such as an allergic reaction, which occurs when the body considers a specific substance to be a threat.

However, according to research published in the Journal of Autoimmunity, atopic dermatitis (AD) can begin as an allergic reaction and proceed to an autoimmune response.

What is eczema?

eczema

Eczema is a term used to describe a collection of skin disorders that create itchy, inflammatory rashes. Eczema can show in red spots on people with light skin tones. On darker skin tones, the patches may appear brown, purple, or gray.

There are now seven forms of eczema recognized by doctors:

  • contact dermatitis
  • atopic dermatitis
  • stasis dermatitis
  • dyshidrotic eczema
  • seborrheic dermatitis
  • nummular eczema
  • neurodermatitis

The immune system appears to be linked to most kinds of eczema, although the data is limited.

This article examines the putative relationships between autoimmunity and three forms of eczema: atopic, dyshidrotic, and nummular eczema.

Is atopic dermatitis an autoimmune disease?

According to the American Academy of Dermatology Association, (AD) is a prevalent type of eczema with no clear etiology. Researchers believe that Alzheimer’s disease develops as a result of a combination of genetics, a weak immune system, and environmental factors that cause symptoms. Autoimmunity may also have a role, according to some studies.

According to dermatologists, patients with Alzheimer’s disease have a hereditary characteristic that causes their skin to lose moisture too fast, leaving breaches in the skin barrier. This might result in dry, unprotected skin.

This isn’t necessarily enough to produce Alzheimer’s disease. Other variables that may increase the likelihood of getting the illness in persons who are susceptible to it include:

  • living somewhere that is cold and damp for at least some of the year
  • exposure to pollution and tobacco smoke
  • stress

Autoimmunity may possibly play a role in Alzheimer’s disease. According to the authors of a research published in 2021, Alzheimer’s disease may begin as an allergic reaction before evolving to an autoimmune response. They believe that persistent inflammation and relapses are caused by this.

A major population-based research from 2021 discovered that patients with one or more autoimmune conditions, particularly those affecting the skin and digestive tract, have a greater risk of Alzheimer’s disease. This shows that one may cause or enhance the risk of the other.

More study on how Alzheimer ‘s disease develops, however, is needed to clarify whether it is an autoimmune disease and, if so, what therapies could assist.

Is dyshidrotic eczema an autoimmune disease?

Small, irritating blisters appear on the soles, palms, and margins of the fingers and toes in dyshidrotic eczema, also known as pompholyx. Although the reason is unknown, many people who suffer from it also have another kind of eczema. Doctors have also discovered that dyshidrotic eczema may run in families.

The following are some of the most prevalent causes of flare-ups:

  • metal allergies, especially nickel allergy
  • seasonal allergies, such as hay fever
  • heat and humidity
  • stress

Because there have been few research on the immune response in persons with dyshidrotic eczema, it’s uncertain if it’s autoimmune.

Is nummular eczema an autoimmune disease?

Nummular eczema is characterized by coin-shaped areas that are itchy and occasionally oozing. Patches can occur on any part of the body. Experts are unsure what causes nummular eczema, although they believe it has something to do with:

  • having dry or sensitive skin
  • having other types of eczema
  • metal allergies
  • cuts, insect bites, or chemical burns
  • low blood flow in the legs, if the patches appear there

Can eczema be a symptom of other autoimmune diseases?

Eczema and skin rashes are common symptoms of autoimmune diseases, however none of these symptoms alone would prompt a clinician to suspect an autoimmune illness. Eczema is a common skin condition that can develop on its own.

Eczema and autoimmune diseases can coexist, and the one can exacerbate the other. Eczema can be made worse by conditions that make the immune system more sensitive or cause inflammation.

Additionally, eczema can develop as a side effect of an autoimmune disorder. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), for example, can make it difficult to absorb nutrients.

According to a 2012 research, if certain nutrients, such as essential fatty acids, are deficient, the skin might become dry and prone to eczema.

Skin problems can potentially be an adverse effect of autoimmune disease therapy. For example, one of the drugs used to treat Crohn’s disease, infliximab (Remicade), can induce eczema.

According to a 2015 research, after taking this medicine, 29.6% of patients acquired scaling eczema and 18.5 percent had aggravated atopic eczema.

What other factors contribute to eczema?

Other causes, in addition to autoimmunity, can stimulate the immune system, including:

  • allergens
  • irritants, such as artificial fragrance, harsh cleaning products, or smoke
  • friction on the skin from itchy fabrics
  • certain bacteria, viruses, and yeast
  • dysbiosis, which is when the microbiome in the gut or on the skin is imbalanced

Symptoms can also be caused by things that decrease the skin’s capacity to moisturize and defend itself. Frequent hand washing, alcohol hand sanitizer usage, and hot showers, for example, can promote skin dryness. After having the skin wet, moisturizing it or applying sanitizers with moisturizers can assist.

Some of these variables have a greater impact on specific forms of eczema than others. Experts believe that seborrheic dermatitis is caused by a kind of yeast known as Malassezia.

This yeast thrives on the skin, but if it becomes too large, it might cause an immunological reaction. It may be controlled using antifungal treatments and shampoos.

To understand the causes of eczema and provide the appropriate therapies, doctors must first diagnose the precise form of eczema. People might have many types of eczema in different parts of their body, requiring different treatments.

Eczema can appear a lot like other skin illnesses including infections, psoriasis, and actinic keratosis, which is a precancerous skin rash.

If you haven’t received an official diagnosis or if conventional eczema treatments aren’t working, consult a dermatologist.

Conclusion

Eczema is a catch-all word for a group of seven inflammatory and itchy skin disorders. Each is unique and can be triggered in a variety of ways.

Some data, however, shows that autoimmunity may play a role in Alzheimer’s disease. Environmental factors, genetics, and a family history of allergies and asthma can all increase the risk.

More study into Alzheimer’s disease might lead to new medicines that tackle the underlying process.

Consult an eczema specialist for a diagnosis and treatment options that can help you manage your symptoms.

Sources

  • https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/types-of-eczema/
  • https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0896841121000421
  • https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/types-of-eczema/dyshidrotic-eczema/
  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/eczema-autoimmune
  • https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/causes-and-triggers-of-eczema/
  • https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/eczema/types/atopic-dermatitis
  • https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3109/00365521.2015.1125524
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3273725/
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8451742/
  • https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/types-of-eczema/nummular-eczema/
  • https://europepmc.org/article/med/31111169
  • https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/types-of-eczema/seborrheic-dermatitis/
  • https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/

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